Deputy Prime Minister – Plenipotentiary of the President in the Far Eastern Federal District Yuri Trutnev spoke during the government hour at the 509th meeting of the Federation Council. The theme of the government hour is “On the implementation of the development strategy of the Russian Arctic”.
According to the Deputy Prime Minister, over the past two and a half years, a legislative basis has been created for the Arctic zone of Russia to increase the investment attractiveness of the Arctic territories, the Fundamentals of Russian State Policy in the Arctic, the Strategy for the Development of the Arctic Zone of Russia and Ensuring National Security for the Period up to 2035 have been developed and adopted , an action plan for their implementation. Six federal laws and 40 regulations were adopted.
Since 2020, the first investment projects have begun to be implemented in the new preferential regimes in the Arctic. Today there are already 294 of them. The volume of investments under the agreements is 1.1 trillion rubles. Most of these projects are being implemented in virtually uninhabited areas. Their effective implementation requires government support. So, for the development of the Baim ore zone, it is necessary to build a sea terminal and the Baimsky GOK – Bilibino – Cape Nagleynyn highway. To provide the project with electricity, a floating nuclear power plant will be located in the Pevek seaport area, and a power transmission line will be built to transport electricity. The launch of this project will lead to a doubling of the budget of the Chukotka Autonomous Okrug, qualitative changes in the structure of its economy.
Segezha Zapad will be the first project to create a pulp and paper mill in the last 40 years. As part of the Arctic LNG 2 project, a center for the construction of large-scale offshore facilities is being created in the Murmansk region, which has no analogues in the Russian Federation. The development of the Syradasay coking coal deposit will ensure the transportation of coal along the Northern Sea Route in the amount of 7 million tons per year by 2026 with a further increase to 12 million tons per year.
“First of all, in underdeveloped territories, high-margin projects are being implemented, thanks to which engineering and social infrastructure is being created, roads, ports, generating capacities and power transmission lines are being built. In a short period of time, the constructed infrastructure will create conditions for the implementation of projects in other sectors of the economy, ”said Yuri Trutnev.
By 2024, a number of indicators are planned as part of the implementation of the state program for the socio-economic development of the Arctic, the Development Strategy of the Russian Arctic and indicators of national projects. The number of projects implemented with state support will be at least 320.
The systemic condition for the implementation of most projects in the Arctic zone of Russia is the development of the Northern Sea Route. Now the piloting of ships in the waters of the Arctic Ocean is carried out by five nuclear icebreakers. By 2026, four more nuclear-powered icebreakers of Project 22220 will be commissioned, and by 2027 – the first icebreaker of Project Leader. By mid-2022, it is planned to develop technical specifications for the design and construction of four LNG icebreakers. The ice-class cargo fleet will more than triple by 2030. It is necessary to build more than 30 tankers, 40 bulk carriers and 22 container ships.
To monitor the ice situation within the Russian space program until 2025, three radar satellites, one satellite for meteorological monitoring, and four spacecraft will be launched to provide users in the Arctic zone with satellite communications and the Internet. One meteorological monitoring satellite has already entered orbit.
Rescue stations will be created in Pevek, Sabetta, Dikson and Tiksi, and the necessary aviation equipment will be purchased. For these purposes, the Russian Government has allocated 37 billion rubles until 2026.
Port infrastructure is being developed. There are 18 ports on the Northern Sea Route. Three of them are being modernized. These are the ports of Pevek, Murmansk, Arkhangelsk. Four more will be modernized by 2024. The construction of the Yenisei terminal, the Bukhta Sever port and the Utrenny terminal in the Sabetta port is underway. After their commissioning by 2024, the total cargo turnover of the ports of the Northern Sea Route will be 85 million tons.
The development of the Murmansk transport hub, the implementation of the projects “Northern latitudinal passage – 1” and “Northern latitudinal passage – 2” will connect the ports of the Northern Sea Route with the railway system of Russia.
A new stage in the development of the Northern Sea Route will be the launch in 2022 of regular container shipments, which will ensure the delivery of fish products from the Far East to the European part of the country. And in 2023–2024, year-round navigation will begin in high latitudes.
One of the tasks for the development of the Russian Arctic is associated with the creation of conditions for a comfortable life and work of people. The objectives of the socio-economic development of the Arctic region are specified in the Development Strategy until 2035, approved by the President. The key ones are: an increase in wages by 2.5 times, the creation of 200 thousand new jobs, an increase in life expectancy by 10 years, the transition from a migration outflow to a migration inflow of the population. Work is underway to create a comfortable urban environment. 120 billion rubles will be invested in the comprehensive development of Norilsk until 2035.
The development of aviation communications was considered. Today, 39 airports operate in the Arctic zone of Russia. Ten of them will be modernized by 2027.
Work has begun on environmental monitoring and elimination of accumulated environmental damage. By 2023, 30 new observation stations of Roshydromet will be built. Within the framework of the Ecology national project, nine unauthorized landfills and three environmentally hazardous facilities were liquidated. By 2024, within the framework of the federal project “Clean Country”, waste disposal sites in the area of settlements with a total population of more than 700 thousand people will be eliminated. This year, the state corporation “Rosatom” will begin design work to lift two nuclear submarines.
They discussed Russia’s chairmanship in the Arctic Council under the slogan “Responsible Governance for a Sustainable Arctic”. It is planned to hold 116 events in all areas of Arctic development. The central event will be the International Arctic Forum, which will be held in St. Petersburg on April 11-13, 2022.
After the speech, the Deputy Prime Minister – Plenipotentiary of the President in the Far Eastern Federal District answered the questions of the senators.