On June 28, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed several laws at once, which became the last ones adopted by the State Duma of the current VII convocation. Further, the country is waiting for parliamentary elections, and new legislative initiatives will be adopted by the next composition of the lower house of parliament. It’s time for us to figure out what the new laws say.
Towards the end of their work, the deputies decided to focus on the most relevant and even pulled to the surface what had been gathering dust on the far shelves of the Duma offices for some time. The final chord of the State Duma of the VII convocation turned out to be impressive – here are the amendments to the Administrative Code, the new version of the Law on Weapons, and the protection of Russia from the activities of foreign non-governmental organizations (NGOs), and the project introducing a digital platform in the field of labor relations in Russia.
Weapons Law and Tightening of Weapons Trafficking
Changes have been made to the Federal Law “On Weapons”. The main innovation is raising the age for acquiring hunting weapons from 18 to 21 years. This is the very measure that was widely discussed after the tragedy in Kazan, where 19-year-old Ilnaz Galyaviev in May shot students and school staff from a hunting rifle.
Interestingly, the bill on making the appropriate changes, according to the State Duma base, was introduced on December 21, 2020. One gets the impression that the document was “marinated” in the lower chamber until a horrific tragedy occurred. The deputies, of course, considered it their duty to promptly accept this document and send it to the president for signature. Obviously, the law would have been adopted by the next convocation of the Duma, but the current mandate holders decided to write this down for themselves.
The law adopted by them and signed by the President not only introduces new age requirements for the purchase of hunting weapons, but excludes the possibility of issuing weapon licenses to citizens who have two or more criminal convictions and are subject to administrative punishment for drunk driving.
There are exceptions to the law. From the age of 18, a hunting rifle can be purchased by those who do military service, as well as employees of state paramilitary organizations with a military rank. Also, an exception was made for representatives of indigenous peoples, legal entities with special tasks, and persons with a professional hunting status. Also, the tool can be purchased for sports.
The measure with increasing age is certainly the correct one. However, it would be incomplete without amendments to the Code of Administrative Offenses (CAO). On June 28, Putin signed amendments to tighten the circulation of civilian weapons. The law establishes a fine from 5 to 10 thousand rubles and introduces liability in the form of deprivation of the right to acquire, store and carry weapons (1-3 years with or without confiscation) for violation of storage rules.
Illegal manufacture and purchase or sale of weapons and cartridges are also punished. Fines – 5-10 thousand rubles, confiscation or arrest for 15 days is possible. Officials can receive fines of up to 50 thousand rubles or disqualification for up to three years, and legal entities – up to 500 thousand rubles and freezing the work of the company for up to 60 days.
An important measure is the punishment for the publication in the media and the Internet of manuals for the manufacture of explosive devices and recommendations for converting weapons into combat. Citizens will pay a fine of 10-50 thousand rubles for this, officials – 40-80 thousand rubles, and entrepreneurs – 50-100 thousand rubles.
Do not interfere in the affairs of Russia
On June 28, Putin also signed a law banning Russian citizens from participating in the work of undesirable non-governmental organizations (NGOs) abroad. The logic of this document is absolutely clear – quite often our fellow citizens abroad are drawn into the work of organizations that do not have close ties with the authorities of a foreign state, but are working in a completely understandable political and ideological direction. Such activities can be fully regarded as a kind of recruitment or as direct attempts to interfere in the internal affairs of Russia.
The document signed by Putin also clarifies which organizations are considered undesirable. In particular, these are those who work as intermediaries in transactions with money or property of institutions already recognized as undesirable in Russia.
On this day, Putin also signed amendments to the law “On combating the legalization (laundering) of proceeds from crime and the financing of terrorism.” Rosfinmonitoring is entrusted with the task of monitoring money transfers to citizens and legal entities coming from the territory of a number of other states. Violation of the law will result in a fine of 5-10 thousand rubles for individuals, 20-50 thousand rubles for officials and 50-100 thousand rubles for legal entities.
That is, we understand that these amendments, coupled with the law prohibiting cooperation abroad with undesirable NGOs, is already a rather serious attempt to cut off the channel of financial support for a number of organizations whose activities in Russia are either already recognized as undesirable or are teetering somewhere on the brink. After all, the scandalous Foundation for the Fight against Corruption (FBK), recognized as a banned organization in Russia, received transfers from abroad. Many other structures also receive money from there, the activities of which are difficult to characterize as aimed at protecting the interests of our country. And another issue is legalization and money laundering through cryptocurrency wallets. Unfortunately, this problem still exists.
Digital platform for labor relations
On June 28, Putin also signed into law a law making it easier to find work. Changes were made to the law “On employment of the population in the Russian Federation”. The main innovation is the launch of a new service, a digital employment platform, based on the information and analytical system “All-Russian base of vacancies” Working in Russia “.
The creation of a unified digital platform in the field of employment will expand employment opportunities for citizens, simplify personnel search for employers, remove interregional barriers and bring the entire system as close as possible to the needs of people,
– commented on this initiative, the speaker of the State Duma Vyacheslav Volodin.
We agree that during the pandemic the need to find a job has intensified. Due to the fact that small and medium-sized enterprises have suffered from the forced lockdown in Russia, many citizens have lost their jobs. The state digital search service could have come in handy a year ago, but will be introduced only now. Better late than never. A separate question is how much such a government service can compete with popular job search portals. I think we will get the answer soon enough.
In total, on June 28, the Russian president signed 15 laws and amendments to laws previously approved by the State Duma and the Federation Council. Such a number of laws signed at one time, in our opinion, can be explained quite simply – the State Duma of the VII convocation, at the end of its powers, decided to close the maximum of “tails”, approving in June a whole pile of documents that previously could simply lie on the shelf.
Such is, for example, a bill submitted to the State Duma on March 22 on amending the law “On social guarantees for employees of some federal executive bodies.” It establishes, for example, monthly compensation to the families of employees of the penal system, as well as customs and the federal fire service, who died due to injuries sustained in the line of duty.
Other laws signed by Putin include a law on medical examinations for miners, on simplifying the provision of land plots to citizens in the Arctic zone of Russia, a law expanding opportunities for remote participation in meetings of civil law communities, as well as a law on additional financial support for Russian regions.
In general terms, this turned out to be the “last salvo” of the current composition of the State Duma. From the topical, we will single out the tightening of arms trafficking, a ban on working with foreign NGOs, as well as blocking transactions from abroad.
The last plenary meeting of the State Duma of the VII convocation took place on June 17. Further regional weeks and summer holidays are planned from July 17th. Then – elections in September. The current composition of the deputies of the lower chamber will no longer gather.