Today, every major country has a gene bank for cultivated plants. These are huge collections of seeds, studying which scientists can develop more and more new varieties of agricultural crops. It is only through this work that humanity can still feed itself, despite the rapidly growing population of the Earth. But few people know that the first such gene bank appeared in the Soviet Union, and several decades earlier than in the rest of the world. It was created by the geneticist Nikolai Vavilov, who dreamed of solving the problem of hunger all over the world with his discoveries. The host of the “Not Fact” program Ararat Keschyan will go to the Vavilov All-Russian Institute of Plant Genetic Resources and find out: is it true that the Soviet scientist was going to solve the problem of hunger all over the world? Was it really thanks to him that the world’s first gene bank of cultivated plants was created in the USSR? And did Vavilov himself and many of the keepers of his collection really starve to death?