The production of building and finishing materials does not stand still. In a competitive environment, various manufacturers are constantly developing new solutions and patenting innovative developments that are aimed at improving the appearance and properties of materials, as well as creating unique products. Everyone decides for himself whether or not to trust the latest technologies in construction and finishing. But we should not forget that they make it possible to simplify the repair and decorate the interior in a new way.
Specialists from Holland managed to solve one of the main problems in the construction of buildings – ensuring the durability of structures. They have developed a new technology for the production of cement, which is able to spontaneously recover due to the presence of calcium lactic acid and certain bacteria. Living bacteria feed on lactic acid calcium and process it into limestone, which will fill the emerging microcracks and thus eliminate all microscopic damage.
This new technology of “live” concrete in the production of building materials will significantly save in the future on time and repair materials, since it initially contains all the necessary “components”.
Glass roof tiles
SolTech Energy from Sweden has developed a unique building material for the roof of buildings – glass tiles. It is equipped with built-in photocells, which accumulate the energy of the sun’s rays and allow it to be used for various needs (water heating, heating, power supply).
Such tiles are made of tempered impact-resistant glass, therefore they are not inferior in strength to traditional ceramic counterparts. The shape and size of the individual glass elements corresponds to the parameters of ceramic tiles, so they can be used for partial roof covering. In this case, the maximum efficiency from its use is achieved on roofs facing the south side.
To reduce the risk of flooding in cities, the English company Tarmac has developed Topmix Permeable concrete. Its main distinguishing characteristic is its high water permeability. If traditional types of concrete absorb up to 300 mm / h, then its new version – 36000 mm / h (about 3300 l / min.). The new technology for the production of building material involves the use of pieces of crushed granite instead of sand, through which water will seep and then be absorbed by the soil. This is especially true in large cities, where every year there is less and less open soil for water absorption. In addition to reducing the risk of flooding, using permeable concrete will help keep streets dry and safe.
The disadvantages of Topmix include a relatively high price compared to conventional concrete and the possibility of using it only in places with not too cold climates, since low temperatures will cause expansion of the concrete and, accordingly, destruction of the coating.
Linen insulation boards
Environmental friendliness is one of the main directions of development of the latest technologies and materials in the field of construction, therefore, pressed flax slabs impregnated with natural layers of boron fit into this trend as well as possible. They are distinguished by moisture and fire resistance, do not support the development of fungi and mold and do not accumulate condensation, therefore they are suitable for operation in high humidity conditions (in baths, roof and attic insulation structures).
Linen slabs can provide high-quality thermal insulation up to 75 years (for comparison: the service life of glass wool insulation is 15-25 years, and of mineral wool insulation – up to 50 years)
The American company Ecovative Design, specializing in the development of various products from mushrooms, presented a unique biodegradable plastic Mushroom Materials. It includes agricultural waste (corn stalks, seed husks) and fungal mycelium, which is used as a natural glue due to its natural binding properties.
For the first time, the company used the “mushroom” building material for the construction of the world’s first mushroom house: compact housing measuring 3.6×2 m can easily be placed in a transportable trailer. The company’s specialists are confident that the new material can be used not only in construction, but also in other industries where plastics are used.
Another new technology that is used in construction for the production of windows, glass doors and partitions is smart glass (smart glass). Its main advantage is its ability to change optical characteristics (heat absorption, haze, light transmission) under the influence of environmental conditions.
This category also includes self-cleaning, self-heating and auto-opening windows. Thanks to their use, it is possible to reduce heat loss, reduce the cost of air conditioning, and even replace the usual curtains and blinds. But smart glasses also have disadvantages in the form of a high price and the need to connect to the mains for some products.
One of the new finishing technologies, which belongs to the variety of wallpaper and imitates the structure and color of different types of stone (sandstone, slate, clinker bricks, etc.). It is made on the basis of sandstone and environmentally friendly polymer, due to which the new material is flexible, durable, lightweight and easy to use. These properties make it possible to use it for finishing not only flat surfaces, but also for objects of complex shapes (fireplaces, columns, etc.).
The flexible stone has a thickness of 1.5-3 mm and is applied in strips to the walls, previously covered with adhesive, after which all joints are rubbed. It is resistant to abrasion and fading, therefore it is suitable for finishing any premises and parts of the house (bathrooms, kitchens, saunas, swimming pools, fireplaces).
Blooming (thermal) wallpaper
The main feature of this finishing material is the ability to change colors or show additional details of patterns in the event of a change in the temperature of the room or objects adjacent to the wallpaper. The effect is achieved thanks to a new technology for the manufacture of finishing materials using thermal paint, which is used to apply patterns to the canvas.
For example, at low temperatures, only green stems with small buds can be seen on the wallpaper, but when the temperature rises to 23 °, the buds increase, and at 35 ° C, lush bright flowers appear on them. This amazing novelty will bring zest to any interior and will not bother the owners for a long time. The disadvantages of this type of finish include the high price, as well as certain requirements for the room: thermal wallpaper should be glued where it is possible to create conditions with temperature changes (near heat sources, in rooms accessible to sunlight or with a controlled temperature).
This is a relative novelty in finishing materials, which instantly changes the surface pattern when a person touches or steps. The technology for the production of “live” tiles involves the use of a polycarbonate capsule in the shape of a circle, rectangle or square, which is filled with a special colored gel. With pressure on the surface, the latter moves and spreads, and if the pressure disappears, the pattern is partially restored to the original one. Such tiles are easy to clean and absorb sound and vibration, so movement on them creates almost no noise. It can be used on any horizontal surface, from flooring in different rooms to countertops. The disadvantages of live tiles include susceptibility to low temperatures and scratches, which can leave sharp objects.
The new building and finishing materials presented in this collection are novelties at the moment, but in the near future they may gain wide popularity and take the place of our familiar, but already outdated and less functional building materials. Over time, the listed novelties will be replaced by others, and so it will be as long as a person strives for amazing discoveries and non-standard solutions to improve his life.