Jul 29, 2020
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New bachelors?

It just so happened that every year at the end of summer I write about education. What's new this season?

“... if at the beginning of the 2000s only every third ninth-grader went to the secondary vocational education (SVE) system, then in 2019 more than half. Experts Predict: College Admission Could Break All Records in 2020 ", - reports "Rossiyskaya Gazeta".

Yes, 9th grade graduates are more and more willing to go to technical schools and vocational schools (in the old way). Moreover, they are not the worst, as it was in my school years, which fell on the 70s. Today, the best are often walking. The most practical, decisive, ready to change the old track to a new one. There is an opinion that students are simply afraid of the exam, but it seems to me that this is not the main reason. Home: they are afraid of worthlessness and emptyness. They are afraid of their uselessness. Waste is not just in the labor market, but more broadly in life. And they want to get a profession. Craft. A skill that will allow you to have earnings and some kind of self-respect.

Most likely, not everyone formulates it so clearly, but they are not blind, they see how events unfold for those who remained in the 10th grade, and then went to university. And the understanding comes that, after deducting a dozen of the best universities in the country, besides traditional faculties this dozen universities, everything else is just the distribution of diplomas to the population. Sometimes for money, and sometimes for nothing - this also happens. From the opportunity to get a decent job with graduates of mass, especially new, and especially humanitarian universities (all these lawyers, economists, linguists, journalists), a young man is protected by, so to speak, two lines of defense. Firstly, his preparation is very weak, because it was often taught not by professionals, but simply by textbook retelling. And secondly, people of these professions are generally not needed in the quantity in which they already exist. New ones are certainly not needed.

Seeing this situation, the children more and more willingly go to get a faster and more practical specialty. They go to college. This is despite the fact that technical schools are not enough, many of them were closed in the process of market orgy, and some were transferred to the status of a university.

This tendency should be carefully considered by the organizers of education. Isn't this, dear comrades, what is a genuine bachelor's degree, i.e. first stage of higher education? Not that imitative, for what purpose, started, bachelor's degree, which announced the first four years of a Soviet university, but real, real? And, what is especially important, the people themselves are striving for it, not educational bureaucrats.

After all, the very idea of ​​a bachelor's and master's degree, cleared of all deformities and idiotic layers, is as follows. A person in his professional development first receives a middle-level qualification and can work on it, because he is already a professional. This is a bachelor's degree. But he can study further and receive a higher type of qualification - this is a master's degree. That is, first a technician is trained, then, if desired, an engineer. First a nurse, then a doctor. This is the Anglo-Saxon type of education, as it developed back in the 19th century. Our system, written off from German, consists in the fact that they immediately train an engineer or a doctor. The system is approximately the same in most European countries. Now there is also an imitative fuss under the banner of the Bologna Process to divide the university course, but initially, in theory, higher education in continental countries was conceived as a single monolith.

I don't know if we need these terms - bachelor's and master's; rather, they are not needed, do you have your own words? But isn't it time for us to meet the wishes of the working people, as they expressed in Soviet times, and to make professional education a two-stage system everywhere? That is, first a technical school or vocational school, and then a university. In some places this has already been done, and the university program has been adapted for technicians, and that is how it should be for this to become a widespread practice. Let after the 9th grade (it would be better after the 8th grade, as in our days), the student enters a technical school, studies there, masters a specialty. Then, if he wants and can, he enters a university in the same profile. Moreover, the university course can probably fit in three years. And if he doesn't want to study further, let him go to work as a technician. A technician is not at all a dropout engineer, like a bachelor's degree is now) - he is a completely full-fledged specialist aimed at practical work in his specialty. His theoretical training is limited, but sufficient for the practice of life. For the invention of something new, unprecedented - here yes, you need a horizons, theoretical training, in a word, higher education. And for most of the work carried out in the national economy, a solid technical education is required.

In our farm, the main (note: the main!) Agronomist has a secondary education received at the local agricultural technical school. He knows his business very well, knows all the fields, like his garden, loves his craft and is proud of it. He is not at all a hardened "collective farmer", he is interested in new technologies in agriculture - after all, they study not only in an educational institution, especially today.

Life itself prompts the right decision: first a technical school, then a university.

Tatiana Voevodina

Photo: "Working Way". Roslavl railway technical school

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