Everyone knows about milk for its harmfulness. However, not everyone knows why milk has become such a medicinal product.
The legislative framework
Dispensing milk for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes has a legislative basis. And in modern Russia, such a norm is spelled out in the legislation. So, in the Labor Code of the Russian Federation, Article 222 clearly states that “at work with harmful working conditions, workers are given free milk or other equivalent food products according to established standards. The issuance of milk or other equivalent food products to employees at the established standards, upon written applications of employees, may be replaced by a compensation payment. "
In the Order of the Ministry of Health and Social Development of February 18, 2009, it was stated that “free distribution of milk or other equivalent food products is carried out to workers on the days of actual employment at work with harmful working conditions due to the presence of harmful production factors at the workplace”. According to this order, milk had to be dispensed in canteens, canteens or rooms that are equipped for these purposes according to all available indicators and standards of sanitary and epidemiological requirements.
The rate is 0.5 liters per shift, while the duration of the shift is not important. In addition, workers who have been in contact with inorganic compounds of non-ferrous metals, with the exception of aluminum, calcium and magnesium, are also offered 2 g of pectin as part of a number of products - jelly, drinks, jams, marmalades, etc. If a person in the process of work came into contact with inorganic compounds of non-ferrous metal, he was offered to use sour milk instead of milk. If workers were employed in the production of antibiotic processing or in their production, then they were legally entitled to fermented milk products enriched with probiotics. But it was impossible to replace milk with sour cream or butter.
“Milk was used as compensation for harm because it is considered a natural adsorbent. There is a version that it removes toxins due to some protein fractions, probably. It should be borne in mind that adults may not always tolerate milk well - they will not benefit from it. And since it contains a lot of vitamins - after all, it is recommended for baby food, ”says Gastroenterologist, Ph.D. Igor Shcherbenkov...
The experts point out that the effect of milk in this matter is a neutralizing factor that provides some protection. Moreover, only milk has such properties. It prevents toxins from accumulating in the body.
Milk is also credited with an antioxidant effect. In addition, the product contains many vitamins, for example, A and B, as well as a number of trace elements, without which a normal and healthy human life is impossible. It boosts immunity and has, according to various opinions, the ability to resist viruses and bacteria.
The main carbohydrate in milk - lactose - ensures the normal functioning of the intestinal microflora. Milk proteins have antiviral and antimicrobial effects, some experts say.
It should be understood that today they are increasingly talking about the intolerance of such a product. It manifests itself with a whole range of unpleasant symptoms - bloating, gas formation, etc. Naturally, in such a situation, one cannot hope that the benefits of milk in neutralizing harmful substances will exceed its potential harm to the body. In this case, it is necessary to look for adequate replacement options that will not cause serious disruptions from the intestine.