The Boris Yeltsin Presidential Center published a video memoir, where the first president of Russia told how he disagreed with the last General Secretary of the CPSU Central Committee Mikhail Gorbachev under the Union Treaty.
According to Yeltsin, at the 19th party conference, he realized that he was not on his way with Gorbachev, since he was proposing a new form of socialism. However, this was not the path for the country, the ex-president recalls.
Then there was a fear that the confrontation could turn into a civil war, so Boris Yeltsin decided to delay the Union Treaty.
“I did not agree with him on the main two points in which Russia was infringed. That all taxes go to the union treasury, and the union treasury begins to divide again, ”the politician said.
Yeltsin said that he was categorically against this, believed that it was necessary to hire allied bodies to perform union functions and pay them.
In the spring of 1991, the USSR developed a project to conclude a federation treaty “On the Union of Sovereign Republics”, the signing of which was supposed to take place on August 20, but it was canceled because of the putsch. After that, 11 union republics announced their withdrawal from the Soviet Union.
In the autumn of the same year, a new draft of the Union Treaty on the creation of the “Union of Sovereign States” was prepared. However, on December 8, the leaders of Russia, Ukraine and Belarus, gathered in Belovezhskaya Pushcha, announced the end of the USSR and proclaimed the creation of the CIS.
On the anniversary of this event, former adviser to the first president of the Russian Federation, Sergei Shakhrai, called Mikhail Gorbachev the main culprit in the collapse of the USSR. He stated that the Belovezhskaya Agreement only recorded the collapse of the Soviet Union, but was not its cause.