The Lipetsk Region is located in the central part of Russia and has a population of about 1,200,000 people. In this region of Russia, the national composition of the population is very diverse – Ukrainians, Belarusians, Moldovans, representatives of Caucasian nationalities, Tatars, Moldovans live here. But the majority of the population – about 96% – are Russians, so Lipetsk traditions and customs are mainly characteristic of the Russian people.
Traditional clothes of the Lipetsk region
The national clothes of Lipetsk women consisted of a shirt and a skirt made of linen, cotton or silk fabrics. Women’s headdress, decorated with braid or beads, completely covered the hair. A festive women’s costume was sewn from fabrics of bright colors, decorated with sequins and embroidery, glass beads and an apron in a color contrasting with the clothes were added to it.
The main men’s clothing was a shirt-kosovorotka, which was worn loose and girdled with a narrow woven or woven belt. A festive men’s suit was decorated with embroidery along the hem, collar or ends of the sleeves. In the cold season, over the shirt, men put on a caftan made of homespun cloth.
The Lipetsk Territory has long been famous for its masters of folk crafts. Such types of creativity as lace weaving, embroidery, patchwork, carpet weaving, making household items and decorative clay products, art painting, woodcarving are popular here.
One of the traditional crafts in the Lipetsk region is lace making. The world-famous Yelets lace is woven according to special patterns using wooden spools with handles. Yelets lacemakers have repeatedly received awards at international exhibitions in Paris, Brussels, Montreal and Osaka, and in 1994 in Moscow they were awarded a gold medal. Samples of the work of Lipetsk lacemakers are in Russian museums of folk art, as well as in private European collections.
Lipetsk patterns on wood
Since the 18th century, a special kind of decorative and applied folk craft has flourished in the Lipetsk region: the manufacture of dishes and household items from wood, decorated with original paintings. This process is very complex and long. To make, for example, a wooden spoon painted with ornaments, it takes more than 2 months. Lipetsk painting resembles Khokhloma, but its patterns have their own characteristics, and therefore are easily recognizable.
Since ancient times, the village of Romanovo, where clay deposits were located, has been considered one of the major pottery centers in Russia. Lipetsk clay was distinguished by high plasticity; local craftsmen made various dishes and original, painted toys depicting animals from it. In style, the Romanov toy differs from the Abashev, Kargopol, Filimonov and other types of stylized clay mini-sculptures, it is characterized by a tendency to genre compositions.
Pottery in Romanovo already existed in the 17th-18th centuries. According to ancient Lipetsk customs and traditions, animal figurines molded from clay were considered totem amulets of the family. Today clay Romanov toys are unique souvenirs known and popular all over the world. They occupy worthy places in Russian and foreign museums, being part of the national heritage of Russia. Some of the works: “Rook-2010”, “Romanushka”, “Turkey” and “Rooster” are listed in the Guinness Book of Records.
The Lipetsk Territory is rich in its cultural traditions. Every year, Days of City Culture are held here, where exhibitions of folk art are presented, and various thematic festivals are also held.
- International festival “Rusborg”which has been held in the summer in Yelets since 2005. This traditional cultural event of the Lipetsk region is dedicated to the military-historical structure of the events of the Viking Age – the period of the 9th-11th centuries, when the troops of Prince Svyatoslav brought these lands into Russia.
- Festival “Apple Trees in Blossom”. A massive spring festival takes place in the village of Pankratovka, which annually gathers many guests and tourists. Tours are organized for them in the gardens, where you can admire the view of hundreds of flowering apple trees, concerts, theatrical performances, food and souvenir fairs.
- Festival “Lilac Paradise”. It takes place in May, in the Stanovlyansky district of the Lipetsk region. Guests and visitors of the festival can enjoy the beauty and aroma of blooming lilacs, take part in cultural and entertainment programs.
- “Antonov apples”. This festival, known throughout Russia and attracting numerous tourists from all over the country, is based on the traditions of the peoples of the Lipetsk region. The event is held annually in Yelets, its extensive program is represented by a gastronomic fair, an exhibition of folk costumes of handicrafts, literary competitions, and musical performances.
- “Russian sourdough”. The event, the purpose of which is to get acquainted with the peculiarities of Lipetsk cuisine and the mentality of the population of the region. At the festival, at the Glutton Rows located in the historical part of the city, you can try dishes based on sourdough, visit the city competition of Russian cuisine “Yelets Meal”.
- Golikov’s holidays. Every year in the first days of January, guests from many parts of Russia come to the village of Golikovo in the Yelets district to attend bright theatrical performances dedicated to Christmas.
- “Krasninsky samovar” is another festival dedicated to the traditions of Lipetsk culture. It is held in the summer in the village of Krasnoe, Lipetsk region. Guests of the festival will be able to learn a lot of interesting things about tea and the tea ceremony, taste different types of this invigorating drink.