Nov 13, 2021
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Lawyer: who is he, what he does and how he can help you

Lawyer: who is he, what he does and how he can help you

We decided to introduce you in more detail to the work of human rights defenders, their main tasks and how a lawyer differs from a legal advisor.

10 undeniable reasons to become a lawyer

This profession has always been one of the most demanded. Of course, there are many reasons for this:

  • High salary. It is important to add that only professionals can apply for solid earnings, as in many other areas.
  • Kudos. Legal education is a kind of “visiting card” of a highly intellectual person engaged in a noble cause.
  • Valuable role for society. This is one of the most respected professions, because a specialist helps people to protect their rights, achieve justice and save themselves from arbitrariness.
  • Excellent working conditions. The lawyer works in his own cozy office in a comfortable chair and modern equipment.
  • Flexible working hours. A specialist can plan a working day for himself, distribute the time of consultations at his own discretion.
  • Wide range of destinations. Civil, administrative, labor, family, criminal law – a professional can do what is closer and more understandable for him.
  • Solid foundation. A person with a legal education can go to the legal profession, become a private consultant, a writer on legal topics, the owner of his own business – and everywhere professional training will help him.
  • Continuous self-development. Legislative acts are constantly changing, supplemented – the one who has chosen the legal field must be ready to learn all his life. Which, of course, will make him a very erudite person.
  • Great goals. A lawyer literally influences society. It depends on his help and protection whether the culprit will be punished and whether justice will be restored. An excellent choice for those who want to leave their mark on history.
  • Useful new acquaintances. On duty, a specialist communicates not only with interesting and educated, but also with influential people, from whom there will always be something to learn.

About the cons of this profession

  • Paper work. A lawyer prepares piles of documents on a daily basis, which requires a high concentration of attention, punctuality, attentiveness and perseverance. This profession is clearly not for those who are terrified of routine work.
  • Constant stress. To one degree or another, all lawyers are faced with acute conflicts, protracted disputes that require considerable expenditure of emotional resources.
  • Lack of stable income. A lawyer independently develops a client base, and his earnings directly depend on the number of cases that are in work.
  • Irregular working hours. Often, a professional has to work on weekends and holidays, rush to urgently call a client, postponing all his family affairs.

But keep in mind one important reason – the specialty will be relevant for more than one decade. Agree, now it is quite difficult to imagine being an AI lawyer or a robot.

How a lawyer can help you

These specialists are most often approached on a range of issues:

  • assistance with the purchase / sale of apartments, land plots, private houses, vehicles;
  • assistance in solving problems with credit, banking institutions;
  • inheritance;
  • resolving disputes between employees and employers.

Depending on his specialization, a lawyer provides assistance in the following areas:

  1. Family law: drafting marriage contracts, division of property in case of divorce, settling disputes between heirs, collecting alimony.
  2. Land law: assistance in the registration of land rights, the establishment of property rights, the regulation of disputes between neighbors of allotments.
  3. Labor law: restoration of the rights of victims of non-payment of wages, illegal dismissal, settlement of disputes between landlords and workers.
  4. Criminal law: assistance in drafting a claim, representation at court hearings.
  5. They also turn to lawyers on a number of other issues, one way or another related to the law: compensation for damage in an accident, obtaining citizenship, protecting the freedoms of military personnel, etc.

Lawyer: who is this in simple words

The simplest explanation is a person who has received a law degree. This is a specialist who:

  • masterly understands the laws and knows how to apply their knowledge in practice;
  • protects the rights and freedoms of citizens, organizations;
  • helps the population to conduct their activities within the framework of the law;
  • provides consultations on various legal issues;
  • is directly involved in the development of laws.

A lawyer is often confused with a legal adviser. In fact, these are not synonyms: a lawyer is a more comprehensive concept that denotes a specialist in the field of law in general.

What a Human Rights Defender Can Do: Key Challenges

To highlight the main areas of work of a specialist, you need to know the industry of his activity:

  1. Law enforcement: investigators, experts, interrogators, prosecutors, lawyers, judges, juvenile inspectors, bailiffs. They apply administrative or criminal sanctions, consider all sorts of disputes – property, housing, labor, family.
  2. Legislative. Participation in the preparation and drafting of legal acts.
  3. Economic. Drawing up various kinds of contracts (with employees, partners, customers, contractors), control over the execution of these documents, challenging the terms of contracts and agreements in the courts.
  4. Human rights. Legal assistance, consultations for citizens and organizations.

Also, the list of tasks may vary depending on the chosen area of ​​activity. For example, legal advisers:

  1. develop, check local acts of the employing company;
  2. conclude contracts on behalf of their organization;
  3. plan meetings with clients, partners on legal topics;
  4. represent the employing firm in litigation;
  5. advise employees on legal issues;
  6. conduct or accompany negotiations of the management on important issues;
  7. develop internal rules, company standards in accordance with applicable law;
  8. check the concluded transactions for legal transparency.
  9. prepare reports on their direct activities to the management.

In addition, the responsibilities of a private, senior, lead, and general counsel can vary considerably.

Lawyer, attorney, notary, legal adviser – how not to get confused

It is important to remember that a lawyer is the most general concept. The profession has several specializations:

  • Advocate. Provides qualified legal assistance to citizens and organizations, represents their interests in court. Lawyers with more than 2 years of experience become lawyers. An internship in law for at least 1 year and successful passing of the exam are also required. Only as a result, the Commission of the Chamber of Advocates gives the subject the status of a lawyer.
  • Notary. It can be either a representative of a private notary office or a civil servant. His sphere of authority includes the registration of transactions, the issuance of certificates of inheritance rights, the imposition and lifting of bans on the alienation of property. To work in this direction, you need an internship in a public / private notary office and passing a qualifying exam. With a good mark, the examinee receives a license that gives the right to notarial activities.
  • Legal advisor. A specialist who can work in an organization, an institution of the widest profile. His task is to advise employees, guides on legal issues. In addition, it makes sure that the actions, decisions, internal documents of the employer do not contradict the current legislation.

Additionally, international lawyers are distinguished – professionals who concentrate on diplomatic and non-economic activities.

This is the most prestigious area of ​​specialization, which requires thorough preparation – impeccable knowledge of domestic and international law, excellent command of several foreign languages.

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