A new study showed that the mode of transportation is associated with life expectancy, the risk of cancer and heart disease. Scientists have called for less frequent use of the machine after weakening quarantine.
In the largest study, scientists showed how people's health is affected by how they get to work. Predictably, the most unfavorable way to health turned out to be car trips. Scientific work published in Planetary Health Lancet,
Scientists used the data that were obtained by observing 300 thousand inhabitants of the UK from 1991 to 2016.
The analysis showed that people who went to work on a bicycle had a 20% lower risk of premature death and a 24% lower risk of death from cardiovascular disease than those who used a car. In addition, cancer was diagnosed 11% less in this group; mortality from it was lower by 16%.
Walking to work was associated with a 7% reduction in cancer risk and 10% reduction in premature death. Those who traveled by public transport had a 20% lower risk of death from cardiovascular disease, and a 12% chance of a cancer diagnosis.
“Now is a good time to re-evaluate the choice of transport, as a large number of people will soon return to work after weakening quarantine measures regarding COVID-19. Given that long-term and serious restrictions are likely to affect public transport, switching to using personal cars can be a disaster for both our health and the environment, ”said Richard Patterson, professor at Cambridge University.
Previously, scientists have repeatedly studied the relationship of travel to work and health. In 2017, scientists from the University of Glasgow in a study with less coverage and duration showed similar results. In 2015, it was shown that cycling trips to work extend the average Dutchman’s life by six months. For the first time, a new study presents observations of such a large sample over a quarter of a century.