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Oct 3, 2021
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Land transferred to the Soviet republics from Russia

This article is a reference material. Dates, names. I collected this data for myself, so that it was at hand and could be used in discussions. I bring them to your attention. I do not publish my conclusions on these materials – let everyone make them himself, if there is a desire.

The following territories were torn away from the RSFSR and transferred to the Soviet republics:

Ukraine

At the end of 1922, the Ukrainian SSR merged into a new political entity – the USSR. Donbass and Novorossiya under the union agreement withdrew to Ukraine.

There were fierce disputes about the territorial subordination of the Taganrog and Shakhty districts, which were of great industrial value. Ultimately, after difficult and lengthy negotiations in October 1924, the transfer of Shakhtinsky, Sulinovsky, Vladimirsky, Ust-Belokalitvensky, Leninsky, Glubokinsky, Fedorovsky, Kamensky, Nikolaevsky, Matveevo-Kurgan and Sovetsky districts to Russia took place. Taganrog also became Russian with parts of 4 more districts. [С-​BLOCK] At the same time, in accordance with the territorial claims of the Ukrainian SSR, several territories of the central chernozem region of Russia were ceded to Ukraine – partly “for ethnographic reasons” (due to the predominance of the Ukrainian population). In January 1925, by the decision of the special commission of the Central Executive Committee of the USSR, chaired by M. Kalinin, the issue of the new borders of Ukraine and Russia was finally resolved – the southern parts of the Graivoronsky district and the Murom volost, part of the Putivl and Kursk districts, the Troitskaya volost of the Valuysky district of the Voronezh province, part of the Urazovskaya volost were transferred , over a dozen villages in the Bryansk province and the Semenovskaya volost of the Gomel province. In turn, part of the Ukrainian Donetsk province was ceded to Russia. [С-​BLOCK] Territorial disputes between the Ukrainian SSR and the RSFSR with the transfer of a number of villages in the Bryansk and Kursk provinces continued until 1928, when this issue was already finally resolved. It is reported by Rambler.

1.Donbass, 1920 + Novorossiya 1922

February 15 – the resolution of the Council of Ukrtrudarm on the creation of the Donetsk province as part of the Ukrainian SSR, which included, in addition to Donbass, also the western part of the Don Cossack Region. It was here that the main coal deposits of the basin were located. On March 15 this year, this redrawing of borders was approved in Moscow.

2.the territory of the former Putivl district,

During the pedagogy of the Putivl region in 1925-1926. In the USSR, it was stipulated that the region receives the status of Russian national autonomy within the republic (including several more such regions). This autonomy existed until the second half of the 30s, after which the then party elite of the Ukrainian SSR was abolished by the Russian national autonomies.

3.Krenichan volost of the Grayvoron district

4.two incomplete volosts of Graivoronsky and Belgorodsky districts,

5. a little later, in 1926, the Semyonovskaya volost of the Novozybkovsky district of the Gomel region was transferred,

6. Trinity volost of the Valuysky district of the Voronezh province.

7.in 1925-1928 when establishing the borders between the RSFSR and the Ukrainian SSR, the latter received cut-offs in the Sumy, Kharkov and Lugansk regions.

Byelorussia:

On February 2, 1919, the 1st All-Belarusian Congress of Soviets decided to establish the SSRB within the boundaries of the former Minsk and Grodno provinces of Tsarist Russia.

On November 29, 1923, the Politburo of the Central Committee of the RCP (b) decided to annex to the BSSR the following territories that had been torn away from the RSFSR:

1.nine counties of Vitebsk province,

2.eight counties of Gomel province

3.two counties of the Smolensk province.

4. Vitebsk at the beginning of 1924 with part of the region,

Karelia:

In 1940, Karelia with the status of the Karelo-Finnish SSR was withdrawn from the RSFSR and became the 16th republic of the Soviet Union. In 1956, under Khrushchev, the KFSSR was liquidated and the territory in the rank of the ASSR was returned to the RSFSR.

middle Asia:

Large territories of Central Asia were developed and settled by the Russian population. However, Russian provinces and cities were transferred to non-Russian republics, first autonomous and later union. The first Russian cities of Uralsk and Guryev were founded 400 years ago (on the Ural River, the Russians ousted the Kalmyks).

Thanks to the Stalinist constitution in 1936, the Kazak ASSR was withdrawn from the RSFSR and transformed into the Kazakh SSR, the same thing happened with the Kirghiz ASSR, which became the Kirghiz SSR. At the same time, the regions inhabited mainly by the Russian population were previously assigned to the Kazak ASSR.

Russian cities of Kazakhstan:

1 / Nursultan, aka Akmolinsk, aka Tselinograd. The area in the area of ​​the present capital of Kazakhstan was called Ak-Molá (White Tomb). In 1830, by decree of Nicholas I, the Akmola Cossack outpost with a fortress was founded here. In 1863 Akmolinsk received the status of a city. Almost a hundred years later, in 1961, the communists renamed the city to Tselinograd

2.Alma-Ata, he is Faithful. In 1854, the Trans-Ili military fortification was founded here, which was soon renamed Vernoe. In 1867 it received the status of a city with the name Verny. In 1921, the communists renamed it in the local way, Alma-Ata, as the Kazakhs called the tract where Verny was located.

3.Kzyl-Orda, aka Perovsk, aka Ak-Mosque. In 1820, by order of the Kokand Khan, the Ak-Mechet (White Mosque) fortress was founded on the banks of the Syr Darya. In 1853, the fortress was taken by Russian troops and renamed Fort Perovsky after the name of the general who led this campaign. In 1862, Fort Perovsky received the status of a city and was renamed Perovsk. In 1922, the Bolsheviks again named it Ak-Mechet, and since 1925, due to the location here (until 1929) of the capital of the Kazakh ASSR, Kzyl-Orda

4. Atyrau, aka Guryev. In 1640 the merchant Guriy Nazarov built a small town at the mouth of the Yaik (Ural) river. For a long time it did not have an established name, more often it was called Ust-Yaitsky town. However, due to the renaming of the Yaik River into the Urals after the Pugachev rebellion of 1773-1775. the name was established by the name of the merchant who founded it – Guryev. It should be noted that when Guryev arose, Kazakhs did not live in his vicinity. Russian Cossacks lived in the Yaik valley, and Nogai and Kalmyks roamed around in the desert. In 1991, the Kazakh authorities renamed the city Atyrau.

5. Semey, aka Semipalatinsk. In 1718, by order of Peter I, the Semipalatnaya fortress was built on the Irtysh. The name comes from the seven destroyed Buddhist temples that lay in the vicinity. In 1782 Semipalatinsk was given the status of a city. In 2007, Nazarbayev renamed the city, naming it after the nearest mountain. This mountain was named so by the Kazakhs after … the Russian city in its vicinity.

6.Kustanai. In 1879, the construction of a city on the Tobol River in the Kustanai tract began. Initially, the city was given different names: Novo-Tobolsk, even Novo-Nikolaevsk (although later the present-day Novosibirsk was called Novonikolaevsk), just Nikolaevsk, but the name given by the Turkic toponym meaning it is unknown what stuck. In 1895, the name of Kustanai for the new city was officially approved by Emperor Nicholas II. In 1997, Nazarbayev changed the name of the city to Kostanay as it was more in line with the Kazakh pronunciation.

7. Aktyubinsk. Another city founded by the Russians received a local name from the very beginning. In 1869 the Russians founded the Ak-Tyube (White Hill) fortification. In 1891 it received the status of a city with the name Aktyubinsk. In 1999, Nazarbayev renamed it Ak-Tobe.

8. Karaganda. The name comes from the name of the elm tree. The only large city in Kazakhstan, founded during the Soviet era. In 1931, a settlement of workers-miners appeared here, in 1934 it received the status of a city. Nowadays, the name of the city in Kazakhstan has been changed to Karagandy.

Several cities founded by Russians on the territory of present-day Kazakhstan have retained their former names for now. it

9.Uralsk (exists since 1584; until 1775 it was called Yaitsky town),

10.Petropavlovsk (1752),

11. Pavlodar (1720; until 1861 – Koryakovskaya stanitsa),

12.Ust-Kamenogorsk (1720).

The entire right bank of the Irtysh to Bukhtarma from the beginning of the 18th century until the revolution was a Cossack line. Everything that was founded there was either as a trading point between the left and right banks, or a fortress or stronghold. And with decossackization, the entire right bank went to the national territory.

The same story with the Semirechye Cossacks …

Caucasus:

On March 12, 1943, the Karachay Autonomous Region was liquidated, its southern part was transferred to the Georgian SSR.

In 1944, some peoples of the North Caucasus fell under repression. Then, due to the liquidated Chechen-Ingush ASSR and Karachay-Cherkessia, the territory of the Georgian SSR was increased. The territories were returned to the RSFSR in 1957.

Thai



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