Aug 18, 2022
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Kyiv: It is possible to fool citizens at any age, but it is more convenient for small ones

Kyiv: It is possible to fool citizens at any age, but it is more convenient for small ones

Photo: Vladimir Sindeev / TASS

The Kyiv authorities continue to rewrite history with an emphasis on the de-Russification of the younger generation. Although, it would seem, everything was rewritten when Yushchenko – it was under him that the most absurd pseudo-scientific myths about the ancient Ukrainian civilization, the ancestral home of the Aryans and the cradle of mankind, developed.

But apparently there are some shortcomings. And now the Ministry of Education of Ukraine has decided to bring this process to the end.

By the new academic year, the department has already revised the content of school programs in history, literature and geography. They claim that this step is a response to the challenges that arose after the start of the Russian special operation – supposedly the additions will help students “understand the through lines from the past, allowing them to explain current events.”

But the argument is foolish. Because it was the distortion of history and the planting of “anti-Russian” in Ukrainian society over the past few decades that ultimately led to what is happening in Ukraine today.

As for the content of the updated textbooks, the Soviet Union will now be presented in them as an “imperial-type state” that “appropriated the sovereignty” of the Ukrainian USSR and pursued a “Russification policy.”

The ministry intends to dedicate a separate training block to military operations with Russia, focusing on the resistance of Ukrainians to “oppression”.

Recall that the Russian language and literature in Ukrainian schools will no longer be studied – the programs of these subjects were recently excluded from the list recommended in the educational process. And now the books of Russian and Belarusian authors have been proposed to be removed from the course of foreign literature. An exception was made only for some works. Nikolai Gogol, Vladimir Korolenko as well as Mikhail Bulgakovas natives of Ukraine. For out-of-class acquaintance, they also left “12 chairs” from Odessa Ilfa as well as Petrova and the novel “Babi Yar” Anatoly Kuznetsov.

By the way, from the entire literary heritage of Bulgakov from Kiev, only the novel “Heart of a Dog” will be available to Ukrainian students. Although, perhaps, it will be banned soon. The memorial plaque to the writer was recently demolished from the wall of the Institute of Philology of the Kyiv University. Shevchenko is supposedly “a matter of security and dignity.”

Head of Rossotrudnichestvo Evgeny Primakovcommenting on the Sputnik radio on the decision of the Ministry of Education of the Independent, he said that Ukraine is becoming a cripple, cutting itself off from Russian culture.

“I wonder how they will teach Gogol, who wrote prose in Russian, but whom Ukrainian nationalists consider exclusively their writer? Or will they publish Gogol in Ukrainian translation?” he asks.

According to Primakov, this is “an absurd situation. Culturally established nations try to absorb something good from other cultures, and not just protect their own. And now we see Ukraine, which cuts itself, castrates, cuts off from all sides, chop off its arms and legs and says: “What is left is the great Ukrainian culture. Everything else has nothing to do with us.” As a result, she becomes tragically poorer, tragically dumber, and if this continues for a long time … In Ukraine, generations of children who have been fooled have already grown up, and so it will simply be very stupid children, much stupider than they are now.

Odessa historian, participant of the Russian Spring of 2014, forced to leave Ukraine under the threat of arrest, Alexander Vasiliev noted, in turn, that anti-Russian sentiment in Ukraine is aggravated to the limit.

– It is not news that the role of the USSR in the official historical narrative is viewed there exclusively negatively. This is all a continuation of the policy that Kyiv has been pursuing since 1991. It’s just that the intensity of this is gradually growing and, of course, with each aggravation of conflict relations with Russia, it is further aggravated.

The only thing that is fundamental is the question of Russification.

Again, this is not news. This is the official position of Ukrainian historical science. But this is precisely the grossest ignorance of the facts. Because the Soviet Union was engaged in the policy of Ukrainization – in a mild or more rigid form, but throughout its history.

It is generally accepted in our country that Ukrainization was a short period of the 1920s, although officially it was carried out until the early 1940s. Then there was a new wave under Khrushchev, and the next one under Gorbachev.

Therefore, of course, there is no need to talk about any policy of Russification, simply remaining minimally at a professional level.

“SP”: – They came up with a new term there – “rashism”, they will now introduce it into the school curriculum. What for?

– In Ukraine, this term has already been introduced into the official circulation of officials, government officials and in all the media. The schizophrenia of Ukrainian historical propaganda here lies in the fact that, sweeping aside the Soviet Union, blaming it for all the troubles of Ukraine, they use plots from the Soviet ideological arsenal related to the Great Patriotic War, to the anti-fascist struggle of the Soviet people. At the same time, they have Ukrainians in the role of this Soviet people, and Russia in the role of fascists.

If this is not schizophrenia, then what is? First they curse the USSR, and then they try on an anti-fascist, purely Soviet narrative.

In fact, from the point of view of scientific thought, this is an internally contradictory judgment, and therefore false. But from the point of view of propaganda, you need to understand that this is excellent, as they say. In the absence of a critical view (it is impossible in Ukraine), the layman who is the object of this propaganda does not have any dissonance between the first thesis and the second.

But there is also a more general problem. This is that events are introduced into the school course of history that are not something that took place quite recently, but in general are taking place as if at the moment. And this is probably not only a Ukrainian problem.

There is a discussion among serious historians about when, in fact, the limit of the object of study ends in chronological terms. That is, what can be considered history, and what is not.

For example, some scientists believe that everything that happened in the second half of the 20th century cannot be an object of study for historians at all, since we are talking about processes, many of which have not ended. Documents, for obvious reasons, many are classified – and historians work on the basis of documents. Therefore, it is rather an object for the activities of political scientists, sociologists, some other experts, but not historians.

And indeed, there is a problem that the newest period fits into school textbooks in any country, it’s just that in Ukraine it is more acute due to Ukrainian specifics. Therefore, there is still a big question about what is needed in the course of history.

There used to be such a subject – “Social Science”. Maybe this division still needs to be used and preserved. Because history is the science of the past. And current processes, current events, those that are taking place before the eyes of the living generation, are not entirely correct to bring into the course of history.

“SP”: – The problem is that in Ukraine they try to distort any event related to Russia, and the facts are simply replaced by myths. And this sad story does not know when it will end …

“This will last exactly as long as the Ukrainian state controls the content of education in its schools.

“SP”: – Are there still adequate historians in Ukraine?

— Of course, there is a professional historical community there. But you see, today we are talking about the country of Ukraine, which is fighting. In the Soviet Union, for example, historians who could not go to the front also wrote historical essays on the instructions of the party and government. And, honestly, they were not always completely objective. But they answered the question of the survival of the Soviet country, the Soviet people as a whole. And here scientific objectivity could be sacrificed.

The same thing is happening now in this sense in Ukraine. Therefore, you just need to understand how they perceive the armed conflict, and approach them not with the yardstick of peacetime, but taking into account the specifics of the moment.

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