This year, the official authorities of the Russian Federation are in no hurry to announce Victory Day with appropriate events, documentary films, patriotic statements, or invitations – they only notified: “the parade on Red Square will take place” (virus, also known as “politically literate”) Probably, having been burned by the past on May 9, they decided to be cautious until the last, moreover, “not an anniversary.”
However, even the 75th anniversary of the Victory could be celebrated not so much – what word would you choose? – “confused”. Even with COVID-19. For example, to hold a naval parade not on the Day of the Fleet on July 26, 2020, but on May 9, 2020. This is conceptually, because the Soviet Navy was the first to come under attack – German aircraft attacked Soviet ships in the bay of Sevastopol earlier than 4 am and fire was opened on them – the first combat order of the Great Patriotic War.
This is also demonstrative and edifying – for the fleet is traditionally considered to be the concentration of the most advanced technologies. It is also media-spectacular even in the absence of spectators. Finally, this made it possible to comply with most of the pandemic restrictions (the crews observed them this way) without “bloody” speculation. However, instead they chose to “fly by”. Okay.
Accounting passion for “round numbers” does not allow “effective managers” to feel the 76th anniversary of Victory, and the 80th anniversary of Germany’s attack on the USSR this year is really not a reason for pathos. True, some confuse cause and effect. Someone on purpose, but someone cannot realize that an idiot, precisely because they are an idiot (called the effect Dunning-Kruger).
Remember how they called on Victory Day not to “triumph”, but to “grieve”? Although grieving is supposed to be on June 22 (reason), and on May 9 it is to celebrate (consequence), albeit with tears in his eyes. And it would be high time to close one question, so elementary that you simply wonder how long it was “suspended”.
There are two polar points of view: 1) “Without a declaration of war …”; 2) “They lied to us that” without declaring war “
And, by the way, the answer lies not somewhere “in the archives”, but on the surface. In his radio address to “citizens and citizens of the Soviet Union”, made at noon on June 22, 1941, the People’s Commissar for Foreign Affairs Vyacheslav Molotovin particular stated (the text was never hidden):
“Today, at 4 o’clock in the morning, without making any claims to the Soviet Union, without declaring war, German troops attacked our country …”
And then, in the same (I repeat, the same!) Speech it was said:
“After the attack, the German ambassador to Moscow Schulenburg at 5:30 am made me, as People’s Commissar for Foreign Affairs, a statement on behalf of his government that the German government had decided to launch a war against the Soviet Union … “
What did the notorious international law say about this then, specifically – the Hague Convention “On the Opening of Hostilities” of 1907? We read the very first article:
“The Contracting Powers recognize that hostilities between them should not start without prior and an unequivocal warning … “
We emphasize all the way – WITHOUT PRELIMINARY!
Now – the sappers of the Wehrmacht moved to Soviet territory at 3 a.m. (according to the testimony of the former press attaché Ribbentrop Paul Karel). According to memories Zhukova, he began to receive the first reports of “armed clashes” from 3 hours and 20 minutes (their scale was not clear).
We go further on the facts from the side that were not contested: on June 22, 1941, at 4:00, the Reich Foreign Minister Ribbentrop handed over to the Soviet ambassador Dekanozov a note declaring war and three annexes to it. However, Berlin and Moscow time differ by an hour (that is, in our opinion, at 5:00 Moscow time).
Thus, according to diplomatic etiquette, everything coincides: at 4 a.m. (5 Moscow time) – Minister Ribbentrop announces to Ambassador Dekanozov in Berlin, and at 5:30 a.m. (4-30 German time), the German Ambassador Schulenburg makes a statement to the Soviet Minister Molotov in Moscow.
Conclusion: All formalities took place already at the beginning of hostilities, in violation of the provisions of the Hague Convention on “preliminary warning”. Hence, Germany attacked the USSR without declaring war.