Scientists were required to create an atomic bomb and fight to the last Japanese
Since last year, on September 3, Russia has celebrated the Day of the end of World War II. This is a remake of the post-Soviet regime, which during Yeltsin’s time, having views of “rich Japan” and not wanting to remind of its war crimes and shameful defeat, deleted the Victory Day over Japan on September 3 from the calendar of the Days of Military Glory of Russia.
Tokyo did not appreciate these clumsy flirting and continues to accuse the USSR, and now Russia, of violating the Neutrality Pact, of the uselessness of the USSR entering the war with Japan, of Stalin’s desire to seize the “ancestral” territories of the Land of the Rising Sun. The Americans are helping the Japanese in this, hushing up the contribution of our country to the defeat of the Far Eastern instigator of the Second World War, presenting the reason for Japan’s surrender to the use by the United States of a new weapon of mass destruction – atomic bombs.
The facts of history refute such claims. Not the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, but the entry into the war of the Red Army forced Japanese politicians and generals to lay down their arms and sign the Act of Unconditional Surrender.
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According to public opinion polls conducted in the United States, here to this day, up to 60% of the population justify the atomic bombing. It is surprising that in Japan there are those who agree with the use of atomic bombs against their country. According to polls, there are 14% of the respondents. However, the overwhelming majority, 79%, condemn the incineration in a nuclear flame of their compatriots.
“One hundred million will die as heroes!”
Western and Japanese historiography of World War II deliberately obscures the fact that the Japanese government and military commanders did not intend to surrender after the destruction of Hiroshima. The Japanese leaders concealed from the people the fact that the Americans were using atomic weapons and continued to prepare the population for battle on their territory “to the last Japanese.” The question of the bombing of Hiroshima was not even discussed at the meeting of the Supreme Council for the Leadership of the War. A propaganda slogan was used “Ichioku Gyokusai!” – “One hundred million will die the death of heroes!”…
Despite the atomic bombing, the supporters of the “war party” continued the preparation of the population, deployed throughout the country, to repel the enemy in the event of an invasion. Women, children, old people were taught how to fight with the use of bamboo spears, bases for partisan war were created in the mountains. Vice-Admiral Takijiro Onishi, the creator of the suicide squads-kamikaze, Deputy Chief of the Main Naval Staff, strongly opposed the surrender, declared at a government meeting: “By sacrificing the lives of 20 million Japanese people in special attacks, we will achieve an unconditional victory.”… He emphasized that a kamikaze does not have to be a pilot, it is quite simple “To be ready to inflict an effective blow on the enemy at the cost of your life”…
The mass casualties did not bother the Japanese leaders. The atomic bombs did not frighten them either. After all, they did not surrender in the spring of 1945, when as a result of carpet bombing of Japanese cities, according to various estimates, from 500 to 900 thousand inhabitants died, which exceeded the number of victims of the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
In the vicinity of the city of Matsushiro in Nagano Prefecture (central Japan), intensive construction continued for the monarch and the high command of a huge bunker. Built using slave labor of Koreans. In a shelter carved into the rock, the imperial family with attendants should have been located,
Not understanding all the complexity of creating atomic weapons, the highest ranks of the army demanded that scientists make a “weapon of retaliation” – the Japanese atomic bomb. The work on its creation was encrypted as “Project Ni”, according to the reading of the first hieroglyph of the surname of the project leader, a student of Niels Bohr, Professor Yoshio Nishin.
Until recently, there were hopes of using the Kwantung Army (Army Group) located in Northeast China (Manchuria). At the same time, an option was considered, in the event of the landing of American troops on the Japanese islands, to transport the emperor and his family to the puppet state of Manchukuo and continue the war. It was believed that the Americans would not subject the territory of the allied China to atomic bombing.
Such plans were canceled out by the blitzkrieg of the Soviet troops in Manchuria. Having declared war on militaristic Japan on August 8, the Soviet Union embarked on widespread offensive operations in Northeast China, Korea, Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands. This deprived the Japanese military-political leadership of the chances to delay the surrender. On August 9, at an emergency meeting of the Supreme War Leadership Council, Prime Minister Kantaro Suzuki said: “The entry of the Soviet Union into the war this morning puts us finally in a hopeless position and makes it impossible to end the war.”… Contrary to popular belief that it was the atomic bomb that forced the Japanese to surrender, the entry into the war of the Soviet armed forces had a decisive influence on the Japanese government’s decision to lay down arms.
As for President Truman’s warning on the American radio on August 7 about the readiness of the United States to launch new atomic strikes on Japan in the event of continued resistance, that Japan “A stream of destruction awaits from the air, which the Earth has never known”, they were regarded as “enemy propaganda.” This assessment was not far from the truth. The American president was bluffing. According to the calculations of the American headquarters, at least 9 atomic bombs were required to ensure the landing on the Japanese islands, which the United States did not have.
The Americans had at their disposal only one more plutonium bomb “Fat Man”, which was dropped on August 9, 1945 on Nagasaki. The Fat Man reset was planned for August 11 and was, according to the official version, postponed two days earlier due to unfavorable weather forecast for the coming days. However, it cannot be ruled out that the American leadership, having learned about the entry of the USSR into the war, hastened to achieve the immediate surrender of the Japanese government with another atomic strike before the Soviet troops advance in China. It was important not to give the laurels of victory over Japan to the Soviet Union.
Initially, the city of Kokura, located on the island of Kyushu, was supposed to undergo the second atomic bombing, but due to poor visibility, already being over the target, the crew of the American bomber decided to attack Nagasaki, where it was possible to drop the bomb, visually directing the plane to the target.
“Fat Man” was dropped over the center of Nagasaki at 11 02 minutes on August 9, 1945 at an altitude of 500 meters. More than 150 thousand residents of Nagasaki became victims of the test of this bomb, of which 74 thousand people died in the explosion.
The picture after the explosion was terrifying. Here is how one of the eyewitnesses drew it: “More than one and a half kilometers from the epicenter of the explosion along the road lay the dead with numerous burns and wounds on their bodies … The cadaverous smell of decomposition penetrated the nostrils of the rescuers, who were constantly nauseous … On the third day after the explosion, strange things began to happen: those who survived began to die in huge numbers … The doctors could not explain this riddle. Both in Nagasaki and Hiroshima, a week after the atomic bombings, patients came to hospitals and died before reaching the doctors’ offices … The victims were not victims of an ordinary bomb, they were irradiated with gamma rays that destroyed their insides, and like a bomb the mechanism that put the terrible stamp of death on them “…
“Mokusatsu” – kill with silence
On July 28, 1945, at a press conference, Japanese Prime Minister Suzuki said about the Potsdam Declaration presented to the Japanese as an ultimatum: “We ignore her. We will relentlessly go forward and wage the war to the end “… It is interesting that after the war, Japanese historians tried to prove the “imperfection of translation” of Suzuki’s statement. They argued that the Japanese word mokusatsu used was not equivalent to ignore. Note that this is true, but only in the sense that “mokusatsu” is an even stronger and more contemptuous expression, meaning “kill with silence.”
The Soviet troops were tasked with crushing the Kwantung grouping and Japanese troops in Korea as soon as possible and with minimal losses, and liberating South Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands. The task was honorably completed. The grouping of Soviet troops created in the spring-summer of 1945 in the Far East numbered over 1.7 million people, about 30 thousand guns and mortars, 5250 tanks and self-propelled guns, more than 5 thousand combat aircraft. The swift crushing blows of the Soviet troops on a front with a length of more than 5 thousand kilometers made it possible to utterly crush the formations and units of the Kwantung grouping. This was the largest defeat in the war for the Japanese army. In 24 days, 22 Japanese divisions were defeated. The losses of the Japanese were 83,737 killed and over 640 thousand prisoners.
On the morning of August 9, 1945, Japanese Foreign Minister Shigenori Togo persuaded Prime Minister Suzuki that the USSR’s entry into the war left Japan no choice but to accept the terms of the Potsdam Declaration. The influential minister and keeper of the imperial seal, Koichi Kido, reported to the Emperor and the Supreme Commander of the Army and Navy Hirohito of the need to immediately end the war. At the same time, the fear was expressed that otherwise defeat in the war could push the masses towards revolution. In an effort to avoid this, the political leadership of the country and the emperor’s entourage considered it necessary to capitulate as soon as possible to the Americans and the British in order to prevent the landing of Soviet troops on the Japanese islands.
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