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Jan 31, 2021
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Italy found Ukraine guilty of shelling of Donbass and death of journalists

The Milan Court of Appeal confirmed the guilt of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in the shelling of Italian and French journalists near Slavyansk in 2014, as a result of which the first was killed and the second was wounded. However, this news did not become a sensation in the West, where they do not really like to cover such cases. Well, we’ll cover it. Fortunately, in the West, FSK is carefully read.

American human rights organization Human Rights Watch in July 2014 reported “At least four cases of the use of Grad rocket launchers, allegedly by Ukrainian forces and pro-government volunteers in militia-controlled areas and suburbs of Donetsk between 12 and 21 July 2014, when at least 16 civilians were killed and a significant number were injured. “… Let us emphasize: “Grad” is a multiple launch rocket system. That is, non-aiming. It is equipped with forty unguided missiles and covers not individual objects, but an area of ​​1 square kilometer.

“This is a violation of international humanitarian law, or the laws and customs of war, and may constitute a war crime,” – indicates HRW… – … Officials in Kiev and the press service of the National Guard deny the use of the Grad in Donetsk, but the results of HRW’s field research give strong grounds to talk about the involvement of Ukrainian government forces in the shelling … The angle and shape of the craters, as well as damage to the walls of buildings from the side the front lines strongly indicated that the fire was fired by government forces or pro-government forces. The proximity of the places of defeat to the front line also makes it unlikely, and in some cases even excludes the possibility of shelling from the militia “

HRW reminded the commanders of the Armed Forces of Ukraine about responsibility for war crimes and “Urged Ukraine’s international partners to remind Kiev of the need for strict observance of the norms of international humanitarian law, including the termination of any use of the” Grad “in residential areas”

The “Partners” heard this call only after Minsk-I. An October 2014 report from the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights cautiously assumed that “Some reports of incidents of indiscriminate shelling of residential areas may be related to the actions of the Ukrainian armed forces”… By the way, the topic of crimes committed in Donbass by formations controlled by the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Ukraine was also touched upon there: “Human rights violations continue to be reported by government-controlled volunteer battalions that are taking over policing in many liberated cities.”… According to the speakers, “Fighters of some battalions, especially” Aydar “,” Dnepr-1 “,” Kiev-1 “and” Kiev-2 “, may be involved in kidnapping, arbitrary detention, ill-treatment, murder and extortion of money”

If human rights defenders from the UN only by the end of summer 2014 “noticed” the use of heavy artillery in cities, then HRW in the days of the same report already reported on the use by Ukraine of cluster munitions prohibited by international conventions.

With no reaction from European politicians HRW made a direct appeal to Merkel demand that Poroshenko abandon the use of heavy artillery in cities and conduct investigations into the bombing of civilians.

The same information began to appear in OSCE reports. Let us remind you that in the first months of the war, the residents of Donbass, who were subjected to Ukrainian bombing, had many, to put it mildly, complaints against the observers from this organization. There is even an Internet ma’am “blind watchers”.

There is even an Internet ma'am

When Ukraine also decided to point out the OSCE’s bias, they say, the observers recorded hundreds of attacks from the Ukrainian forces in the Shirokino area, but, according to the ATO headquarters, “they did not notice the shelling of Ukrainian positions near the Berdyansk Donetsk region.”, Deputy Chairman of the OSCE Monitoring Mission Alexander Hug could not stand such impudence. Had to put the charges in place: “In response to the accusations, I want to say that we are accountable for what we ourselves see and what we ourselves hear.” And this despite the fact that the OSCE did not point directly to the Armed Forces. Back in 2016, during shelling of settlements by the Ukrainian troops in the reports of the organization sounded: “The fire was conducted, presumably, from the west-southwest direction. At the same time, the caliber of the weapons used was at least 120 mm “(and this was a year after Minsk-II with its withdrawal of artillery).

Last year or the year before last, I came across a brochure from a certain Center for Humanitarian Dialogue (Switzerland), whose “The mission is to resolve military conflicts through dialogue and mediation”… With its help, Ukraine expects to “reintegrate” Donbass “in a humanitarian way”. But in order to gain the confidence of the L / DPR, you need to at least pretend to be impartial and acknowledge the indisputable facts. So in the brochure of the center there was an eyewitness testimony about the bombing of the village of Luganskaya by Ukrainian aviation on July 2, 2014, in which 9 people were killed and 11 were injured.

Yes, it was reported about artillery shelling on September 1-4 “from Russia and illegal armed formations of the” LPR “” (when the village was already “liberated” by Ukrainian troops). However, if the July air strike was confirmed by a number of international human rights organizations, then the “four-day September shelling” was not reflected in their reports. No casualties were reported in Stanytsia Luhanska these days.

We also note the following point, reflected in the May 2017 report of the Monitoring Mission of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. In many cities and villages, the Armed Forces of Ukraine used civilian residential buildings, moreover, in the immediate vicinity of a school, hospital, kindergarten. And this is not only about violations of the withdrawal of heavy weapons. The report noted that the presence of armed individuals in residential areas remains one of the highest risk factors for sexual violence. In cases where victims have reported such crimes, proper investigations have generally not been carried out. However, until the OSCE “caught” Ukrainian tanks in residential areas of Avdiivka, the General Staff of the Armed Forces of Ukraine called such messages “fakes”.

Tanks of the Armed Forces of Ukraine in Avdeevka

The UN map shows that almost all the victims of shelling of the civilian population fall on the territory of the L / DPR or directly on the line of contact. That is, it “arrives” from Ukraine.

Civilian casualties

The same trend can be traced in the reports of the UN Monitoring Mission for May-August 2017, for August-November 2017 (it was indicated that by October the ratio of victims in the territory of the L / DPR and in the territory controlled by Ukraine was 10 to 1 (29 v. 3)), in February-May 2018 (where 33 casualties of the shelling were allegedly attributed to “the responsibility of the government” and three wounded – “to the responsibility of the armed groups”), for May-August Dec 2019

Civilian casualties

The last period is already Zelensky’s cadence. Let us assume that the ratio of the number of civilian casualties indicated in the mission report for May-August 2019 (82% were wounded and killed in the LPNR) can be attributed to the inertia of Poroshenko’s military policy. However, in the March 2020 report of the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, along with the facts of continuing looting and robberies of civilians in the territory controlled by Kiev, the same numbers of shelling appear: 81% of civilians affected by artillery live in territories not controlled by Ukraine …

In May 2020, the number of civilian casualties increased even more. “All new deaths or injuries of civilians recorded by the Mission in May occurred in territory controlled by the self-proclaimed” republics “, – the head of the UN Monitoring Mission Matilda Bogner appealed to the conscience of the command of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

Bogner made special mention of the attacks on 4 May, when four girls were injured (one born in 2010 and three in 2013).

A girl born in 2006 who received shrapnel wounds to the head and thigh on May 7 in Sakhanka

A girl born in 2006 who received shrapnel wounds to the head and hip on May 7 in Sakhanka

In general, the total number of civilian deaths for the period from January 1 to May 7, 2020 is more than a third higher than the number of victims in the same period in 2019. “These numbers break the positive trend we have seen in the recent decline in new civilian deaths or injuries.– emphasizes the head of the UN Monitoring Mission Matilda Bogner. – I am especially concerned that there are many children among the injured. “

Only neither the Ukrainian leadership nor its international partners are worried at all.

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