Deputy Chairman of the Security Council of the Russian Federation Dmitry Medvedev recently came up with an initiative to introduce an unconditional basic income (BBI) in the country.
According to the official’s proposal, the state can pay a fixed payment every month to every Russian, regardless of financial status and occupation.
Where to get money for BDB, is the goal achievable in Russian realities – with these questions the information portal “World of News” turned to the experts.
Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Scientific Director of the Institute of Economics of the Russian Academy of Sciences:
– And I agree with Medvedev. But it would be good to roll this idea back to certain groups of the population – to the poor part of society. For example, in Finland, the unemployed are paid 560 euros a month just for the fact that they live. This does not work!
Basic income can solve the problem of poverty and lower the crime rate. It’s bad that the motivation to work will fall. It is no coincidence that four years ago, residents of Switzerland voted against unconditional income in a referendum.
But in fact, everything depends on the capabilities of our country. We would be able to pay 15 thousand rubles to certain groups of the population. Well, the budget of the country will not pull all citizens.
economist, doctor of economic sciences, professor:
– I agree with those economists who believe that it is too early to conduct such experiments in our country! We have not grown up not only in economic, but also in human development, forgive me!
Here we will announce that starting next month, all Russian citizens after 18 years of age are entitled to a basic income. And people (not all, of course, but many) will say: why should we work, try to show ourselves in something, find in the profession, if you can get money, relatively speaking, for beautiful eyes? All this will lead to parasitism and unwillingness to develop.
And the burden on the country’s financial system will be overwhelming. It will be possible to print money, of course. But inflation will eat them. And these 15 thousand today or even 10 in a year will weigh like two or three. Do we need it? In addition, the pandemic may drag on.
It is possible to introduce an unconditional basic income only at the stage of economic recovery, growth of household incomes and under conditions of optimistic economic forecasts. In general, the idea is at least untimely.
Director of the Center for Research on Post-Industrial Society, Doctor of Economics:
– First you need to make clear economic calculations. Otherwise, these measures will provoke an increase in inflation and mow down employment in those industries in which people have low wages, for example, in the service sector or in the construction complex: where low-skilled labor is used. People will start leaving these industries and we will face big problems.
I believe that from an economic point of view, this initiative should not be perceived as indisputable. It can be beneficial by reducing social tensions and increasing the real cost of living in the country. But the incentive for skilled labor and labor will generally weaken.
So it was in Namibia, where the experiment was carried out for two years, economic activity and the motivation of local residents to find a job fell to zero. Now, by the way, the experiment is over.