The investigation into the case against opposition leader Alexei Navalny may petition for his arrest in absentia and extradition to Russia. This is provided for by the norms of the Criminal Procedure Code.
Before that, the politician can be officially put on the wanted list, these are the current norms,
As stated in article 460 of the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation, the Russian side “may send a request to a foreign state to extradite a person for criminal prosecution or execution of a sentence on the basis of an international agreement between the Russian Federation and this state.
In addition, Article 108 states that detention is applied by the court against a suspect or accused of crimes, the punishment for which is at least three years in prison.
Article 108, paragraph 5, states that the arrest must be preceded by an international or interstate search for the accused.
On December 29, the Investigative Committee announced the initiation of a criminal case against Navalny under the article on fraud on an especially large scale. According to the investigation, the oppositionist spent more than 356 million rubles for personal purposes out of the money collected as donations to non-profit organizations, including the Anti-Corruption Foundation he created. In total, according to security officials, the Russians donated more than 588 million rubles.
An article on large-scale fraud means up to 10 years in prison.
A day earlier, the Federal Penitentiary Service (FSIN) said that Navalny refuses to fulfill the duties assigned to him by the court and evades the control of the criminal executive inspectorate, in connection with which they threatened to replace the suspended sentence in the Yves Rocher case with a real one. The agency drew attention to an article in the Lancet magazine based on materials from the German clinic Charité, from which it follows that Navalny was discharged on September 20, and by October 12 “he had all the consequences of his illness.” In this regard, a demand was sent to him and his lawyer to appear at the inspection.
The oppositionist who is currently in Germany recalled that he had won against the Russian authorities in the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR). As Navalny noted, “the court ruled that there is not even a subject of crime, that is, the case is completely fabricated.” He stressed that the Ministry of Justice of the Russian Federation paid him compensation according to the decree of the ECHR, but the FSIN continues to consider him a suspended sentence.
In addition, the oppositionist drew attention to the fact that the Lancet article does not mention Navalny’s surname even once, since the material of the medical publication impersonally tells about a 44-year-old man poisoned with military chemical weapons, citing aspects of diagnosis and treatment. Thus, the politician concluded, the FSIN actually associated him with the case described in the magazine, recognizing at the state level an attempt using a Novichok-class substance. In this case, he added, a criminal case should be instituted on the fact of the poisoning, but there is none.
On August 20, during a flight from Tomsk to Moscow, Navalny became ill and fainted. The plane urgently landed in Omsk, the oppositionist was hospitalized. Doctors did not find any trace of a nerve agent or any other poison in his analyzes. Two days later, after his condition stabilized, Navalny was taken to the German clinic Charité, where he remained until September 23, and then was discharged. Now he continues to be in Germany, where he is undergoing rehabilitation. The oppositionist wants to return to Russia after full recovery.
Navalny’s associates believe that he was poisoned. This version is also adhered to in the West, stating that an attempt was made on the politician using a drug from the Novichok group of chemical warfare agents. However, Russian doctors insist that no poisons were found in the oppositionist’s body.
On December 14, Alexei Navalny said that over the past two years, a group of FSB officers tried to kill him several times. He published the names and photographs of these people. According to him, a secret group of doctors and chemists is working in the department. They not only made several attempts on the life of the oppositionist himself, but also once almost killed his wife Yulia.
According to him, these people flew after him on all trips across Russia. Some traveled on the same planes, some took off earlier. According to the politician, the decision to kill him was made after his announcement of his intention to run for president in 2016.
Navalny called the new criminal case against himself “Putin’s hysteria” and the expected prosecution of the Russian authorities for exposing the attempted murder, chernayakobra.ru wrote.