Welcome to our website, dear readers. Raspberries are the edible fruit of many species of plants of the genus Rubus (Rubus) of the Rose family (Rosaceae). Representatives of the genus Rubus grow in forests, on the banks of rivers and are often bred in gardens.
And today we decided to take a closer look at this amazing plant. In the article we have collected the most interesting facts about raspberries.
We are all used to the fact that the edible fruits of trees and plants are divided into berries and fruits. But from a botanical point of view, everyone’s favorite raspberry fruit is not a berry at all. Real berries are found in blueberries, cranberries, grapes. But in raspberries, the fruit consists of many small “particles” that have grown together. Each of these particles is similar to a small cherry – outside it is covered with a soft shell, and inside there is a stone. Such a complex type of fruit in botany is called a drupe. Similar drupes are found in blackberries, cloudberries, etc.
Thanks to archaeologists, it was possible to establish that the Paleolithic cave dwellers (the oldest period of the Stone Age, when primitive man made his tools from unhewn stone) ate raspberries. It was from that period that it became part of the human diet.
In the Hellenistic period (the period of Mediterranean history between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 BC and the rise of the Roman Empire), it was associated with fertility and was often mentioned in Greek mythology.
In Greek mythology, it was even said that once the fruits of this plant were white. One day, when the god Jupiter was furious, the nymph Ida went to gather wild raspberries to calm him down. But while she was picking the fruit, she pricked her finger on the thorns and dyed them red with her blood. After that, the fruits forever remained red.
The largest world producer of raspberries is the Russian Federation. In second place is a country such as Serbia, in third – the United States, in fourth – Poland.
The standard color of the fruits of this plant is red. But there are varieties in which the color of their fruits is significantly different. They can be blue (like Rubus leucodermis), purple (like Glen Coe), black (like Ugolyok) and golden (like Golden Domes).
Each raspberry has a mass of about 3-5 grams and consists of approximately 100 smaller drupes. The average bush of this plant can produce several hundred berries per year.
100 grams of raspberries contain only 53 calories. 100 grams of fruits are 86% water, 12% carbohydrates, and approximately 1% fat and protein.
They are also an excellent source of vitamin C, manganese, copper, vitamin K, pantothenic acid, biotin, vitamin E, magnesium, folic acid, omega-3 fatty acids, potassium, and dietary fiber.
This is a very useful product for humans. Its use improves digestion, strengthens the immune system, strengthens the heart muscle and helps prevent cancer.
There are about 200 different types of raspberries, but only a few are in high demand in commercial production.
Like a number of other plants, raspberries are also crossed to obtain new species. For example, raspberries were crossed with blackberries, resulting in Logan’s berry. Since the loganberry was beautiful in appearance, but not liked by customers because of its taste, it became the source for breeding new species: boysenberry (loganberry, raspberry and blackberry were crossed), Tay berry (loganberry and black raspberry were crossed) etc.
Scientists suggest that wild raspberries first appeared in Asia, and then, gradually, spread throughout the Mediterranean, Siberia, Europe, and North America.
Raspberries are very tender berries. It should be washed immediately before use. Fresh berries are recommended to be stored in the refrigerator and consumed in the first days after removal from the bush.
This is a universal bone. It can be consumed in any form: fresh, frozen, boiled (jam), in the form of jelly, juice, berry puree.
Also, excellent wines, liqueurs, tinctures and liquors are prepared from raspberry fruits, which have excellent taste and incredible aroma.
In cosmetology, raspberry seed oil (oil from its seeds) is actively used. This oil is obtained by cold pressing without further refining. Raspberry oil is ideal for all face types, including the most sensitive areas around the eyes, lips, and décolleté.
Raspberries are a very important honey plant for bees. Due to the fact that its flowers are turned down, the bee can extract nectar even during a light warm rain.
From the nectar collected from 1 hectare of flowering forest raspberries, bees prepare about 70 kg of honey, and from 1 hectare of garden raspberries, a little less – about 50 kg. Raspberry honey contains about 42% levulose and about 34% glucose, and also has an excellent aroma and great taste.
In addition to people, animals eat raspberries. For example, if you take bears, then in the summer, raspberry fruits are their favorite food. Bears love raspberries as much as honey.
In addition to bears, birds like to eat raspberries, in particular hazel grouse, cattle, goats, etc.
No one really knows where the name raspberry came from. But there are two most common versions:
- The name is associated with its color. Naturally, one of the most obvious options – the name “raspberry” is associated with the color of the fruits of this plant.
- The name is associated with the drupe itself. As we said earlier, the fruit of this plant is made up of many smaller “fruits”. Therefore, in this case, the name may come from the root “mal”.
This concludes our article, dear readers. We hope that our publication was useful for both children and adults.