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Jul 31, 2022
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Interesting Pine Facts

pine

Welcome to our website, dear readers. Pines are evergreen coniferous trees belonging to the Pinus genus of the Pinaceae family. They are real centenarians (they live from 100 to several hundred years) and a symbol of the New Year in many countries of the world.

And today we decided to tell you in detail about these plants. In the article, we have collected the most interesting facts about pine trees that not only children, but also an older audience may like.

#1

There are about 130 species of these trees. They grow both in the Northern Hemisphere and near the equator and the Arctic.

#2

The longest-lived species is the Pinus longaeva). One specimen of this species, called “Methuselah”, is the oldest living organism on our planet. The age of “Methuselah” is in the region of 4850 years. This tree is located in the White Mountains of California.

Number 3

The size of this tree is highly dependent on the species. For example, there are specimens that grow no higher than 3 meters. And there are pine trees reaching a height of about 80 meters. But if we talk about the average dimensions of representatives of the Pinaceae family, then this is approximately 15-45 meters in height.

#4

pines

Unlike many other trees, pines are not afraid of fires. Moreover, many species, on the contrary, love them and in the first 1-2 years after the fire, they begin to increase their population.

This paradox is caused by the evolutionary adaptation of these trees to systematic fires. For example, if we talk about the marsh pine, then it has developed a unique growth mechanism. Having reached a height of several centimeters, the seedlings of this species simply stop growing in height. Instead, they develop their root system for 5-7 years. When fires occur, leaving a lot of ash behind, sprouts of the marsh pine begin to grow. By developing the root system, this species secures its future even in the event of strong fires. In another species, soft-needle pine, cones open only at very high temperatures.

#5

Inside these trees is resin. This resin protects the plant by forming a protective cap on wounds and thereby speeding up their healing process. The resin also protects the wood from fungal infections and insects that try to enter the wood.

#6

This tree is actively cultivated by man. Pine is used as a Christmas tree or for timber harvesting. Pine wood is used to make lining, floors, furniture, etc. Since the tree does not have the properties of resistance to insects and decay after felling, it is usually recommended to use it for building purposes only indoors. It is assumed that the service life of pine lumber for exterior decoration is in the region of 1-2 years (depending on climatic conditions).

Resin extracted from wood ends up in commercial products such as sealant, glue, varnish, etc. The resin of some species is also an important source of turpentine.

#7

Some pine species produce very large seeds. These seeds are known as pine nuts. It is a very popular, tasty and nutritious product. Pine nuts are used both fresh and added to baked goods. Without pine nuts, it is impossible to cook the famous Italian Pesto pasta. The popularity of the pine nut is not surprising. It is full of vitamins A and C.

But it is also worth noting that not all pine nuts are suitable for human consumption. There is such a species as Chinese white pine, which produces relatively toxic nuts. Eating these nuts causes a tingling sensation in the mouth that can last up to several days. This tingling is called pine mouth syndrome.

#8

These trees are called evergreens. But in fact, during the year, about 80% of the needles are replaced with new ones. Just because this process is slow, it seems that the spruce, as it stood with old needles, is still standing. The fact that this is not true is evidenced by the blanket of dry needle-like leaves surrounding the plant.

#9

Pine and spruce are two coniferous plants belonging to different genera (the first – to the genus Pinus, the second – to the genus Abies). But at the same time, these two genera belong to the same family – Pinaceae (Pine).

And despite the relationship, the trees belonging to these genera have significant external differences. First, the branches of the spruce are lowered down, covering the trunk. Due to this arrangement of branches, the tree has a conical shape. Pine is a little different. Its branches are directed upwards and do not start at the very bottom of the trunk, like a spruce, but higher – approximately from its middle. That is why it is very light in the pine forest. Secondly, spruce needles are short and prickly, while pine needles are long, soft and fluffy. Thirdly, pine needles are located on the branches in pairs (in groups of 2, 3 or 5 needles), while spruce needles are located one after another.

#10

pines

An essential oil is obtained from it. It is obtained by steam distillation of young branches and cones. This oil is actively used in the natural cosmetics sector for the production of soaps and detergents with cleansing, deodorizing and anti-fatigue toning properties. Pine essential oil is also used in medicine. Inhaled with this oil and used in nasal sprays, it helps fight nasal congestion and bronchitis due to its balsamic, sedative and anti-inflammatory properties.

The essential oil is also obtained from the bark of the tree, but it is of lower quality than the oil obtained from young branches and cones.

#11

The most common species of the genus Pinus is Scots pine.

#12

In some countries, in particular in Sweden, pine needles are used to make tea (there it is called Tallstrunt Tea). Tea from the needles of this tree is very useful for the human body, as it is rich in vitamins such as A and C.

This concludes our article, dear readers. Thank you for paying attention to our Internet resource.

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