Hello dear readers of the Interessno.ru website. Vladimir Vladimirovich Mayakovsky is a famous Russian Soviet poet. Mayakovsky was one of the most important Russian poets of the 20th century. In addition to poetry, he also wrote screenplays, was a filmmaker, actor, artist and editor of several popular magazines.
And today we decided to better acquaint you with this outstanding person. In the article we have collected the most interesting facts from the life of Mayakovsky.
He began his studies in 1902. That year he was enrolled in a gymnasium in Kutaisi. His parents were fluent in the Georgian language, like the future poet himself. Vladimir took an active part in the revolutionary demonstration. He read propaganda brochures.
His father died in early 1906. The cause of death was blood poisoning. Father got infected by accident. Sewing paper with a needle, the father pricked himself, which led to the subsequent death. After such an unpleasant incident in his life, Mayakovsky vowed to use pins and hairpins. Bacteriophobia (also known as germophobia), which developed after the death of his father, remained with him throughout his life.
After moving to Moscow, he met students who propagated revolutionary sentiments. At that time, he was interested in Marxist literature. He became a member of the RSDLP in 1908 (according to other sources, in 1907).
For his political activities, he was arrested three times between 1908 and 1909. The main reasons for the arrest were: participation in the activities of an underground printing house, connections with a group of anarchist expropriators (those who took away someone else’s property). Another reason for the arrest was complicity in the escape of women-political prisoners from the Novinsky prison.
The first case that was brought against him turned out to be an easy walk, since he did not receive a prison sentence, but was simply transferred under the supervision of his parents. Indeed, at that moment he was a minor and acted “without understanding.” The second case did not lead to a real conclusion, and in the third case, he spent 6 months in several prisons (he was transferred from prison to prison due to bad behavior and quarrels with prisoners). But in the end, due to lack of evidence, he was still released in 1910.
The first collection of his poems, entitled “I”, was published in 1913. It consisted of only four poems. Mayakovsky wrote them by hand. Drawings, which were created by Vasily Chekrygin and Lev Zhegin, adorn the collection. To reproduce the collection, the lithographic method was used. The collection “I” was released in the amount of 300 copies. The poems that went into it were also published in a number of futuristic almanacs. In particular, they appeared on the pages of “Milk of mares” and “Dead Moon”. Masterpieces from the pen of Mayakovsky appeared in “Roaring Parnassus”. Gradually, the poet began to be published in periodicals.
Vladimir’s acquaintance with Lilia and Osip Briks took place in July 1915. Having a protectorate from Maxim Gorky, Mayakovsky in the period from 1915 to 1917 did military service in Petrograd at the Automobile Training School. Since he was a soldier at that time, he did not have permission to publish his poems. But his close friend Osip Brik was able to redeem the poems “The Spine-Flute” and “A Cloud in Trousers” at 50 kopecks per line, and after that he printed the masterpieces.
Mayakovsky was a rather unattractive person (as his beloved Lilya Brik later said). He was almost 190 cm tall, dressed very poorly, smoked constantly, was an avid gambler and had terrible teeth. Already famous, he toured Russia with a group of futurist poets, who painted images of dogs, airplanes and various Kabbalistic symbols on their faces, which attracted much attention. Mayakovsky’s mood was also repulsive. As noted by his friends, in particular, his mistress Lilia Brik, he was subject to constant mood swings. As Pasternak later wrote, Mayakovsky was phenomenally suspicious and prone to unreasonable despondency.
He was not married. Nevertheless, he had the muse of his entire life – Lilia Brick. In 1918, Mayakovsky and the Brikov family (Lilya and her husband Osip) began to live together. They belonged to the so-called representatives of the Theory of a glass of water.
At the same time, despite the absence of marriages, Mayakovsky had two children:
- Son Gleb-Nikita Antonovich Lavinsky. He was born by Elizaveta Lavinskaya, whom Mayakovsky met in 1920 while working together in the ROSTA satire Windows. Elizabeth’s husband did not know that Gleb-Nikita was not his son.
- Daughter Patricia Thompson. She was born by the Russian emigrant Elizaveta Siebert, whom Vladimir Vladimirovich met in 1925 in New York.
According to many historians, it was he who was the father of Soviet advertising. His slogans were short and clear, and his political posters were full of capacity. Rostov posters, created by Vladimir, often appeared in the windows of various stores. When the economy of the Russian state stabilized and gradually began to grow, the poet began to fulfill orders that came to him from state trade organizations. Mayakovsky argued that the use of the writer’s talent for commercial purposes is absolutely not shameful. He is convinced that no good business can move without effective advertising.
During a trip to Paris, he fell in love with the emigrant Tatyana Yakovleva, who, however, did not reciprocate. Then he deposited in the bank account of a famous Parisian flower company all his royalties from his Paris tour with only one condition that the company would send a beautiful bouquet of flowers to his beloved every week. The flower company continued to send flowers to Tatyana Yakovleva even after Mayakovsky passed away.
Moreover, during the Nazi occupation of the capital of France, the flowers sent by the company to Tatyana saved her life, as she resold them and bought some food for the money.
Mayakovsky is one of the members of the so-called “Club 37”. This club includes famous people who died at the age of 37 or at the 37th year of life. In addition to Mayakovsky, this list includes such personalities as the Scottish poet Robert Burns, the Italian artist Raphael Santi, the Russian poet and good friend of Sergei Yesenin Alexander Shiryaevets, the English poet George Gordon Byron, the Soviet poet Leonid Gubanov and many others.
In 1930, immediately after communicating with his beloved, actress Veronika Vitoldovna Polonskaya, he committed suicide by shooting himself in the chest.
This concludes our article, dear readers. Thank you for choosing ours among all sites.