Welcome to our website, dear readers. The creative path of this Soviet poet, like many other poets in Russia, began at an early age – at the age of 14. Then the young man wrote small notes to the Smolensk newspapers. A little later, he began to try his hand at poetry. By the age of 25, the first collections of poems and poems were published. And despite the repressions applied to his family, in his works he still supported the new system and the new government.
And today we decided to introduce you to this outstanding poet. In the article we have collected the most interesting facts about Alexander Tvardovsky.
The future poet was born in the small village of Zagorye, in the Smolensk region of Russia. In addition to Alexander, the family had six more children: two daughters and four sons. In addition to Alexander, his younger brother Ivan also achieved fame in the literary field. In addition to literary activities, Ivan was engaged in woodcarving and was a dissident who was serving a sentence in exile for a long time.
Alexander’s love for literature was instilled in him by his father. He was a very well-read person and tried to pass on his love of reading to his children. In the evenings he would gather with his children and read something aloud to them. Most often these were the works of such outstanding writers and poets as Pushkin, Gogol, Tolstoy, Lermontov, etc.
When he was 18, he left home and moved to Smolensk. Already 3 years later his first poem “The Path to Socialism” was published. After another 4 years, the first book “Collection of Poems” (1930-1936) was published. In total, from 1925 (even before moving to Smolensk) and until 1935, he published more than 130 poems.
Unfortunately, the Tvardovsky family fell under the “dispossession” and was exiled to forced labor, and his fellow villagers burned his farm, he supported Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin and the new government with all his might. He wrote that the collectivization undertaken by Stalin was a harbinger of a brighter future.
The poem “Vasily Terkin” became the most important and most famous creation of this poet. He began to write it in 1941, when the Great Patriotic War began. Then he worked in Voronezh in the editorial office of the newspaper of the South-Western Front “Red Army”. The poem “Vasily Terkin” has become a real symbol of the Great Patriotic War. It differed from many famous poems of that time in that there was no ideological propaganda and Stalin and the Communist Party of the USSR were not mentioned in any way. In 1944, for the fact that Tvardovsky created two magnificent poems “Vasily Terkin” and “Road House”, as well as for speaking to soldiers and officers at the front, he was awarded the Order of the Patriotic War, 2nd degree.
Every year, when his beloved wife Maria had a birthday, he gave her a huge bouquet of white lilacs. It would seem that this is so amazing. But the bottom line is that Mary’s birthday fell on January 28th. Buying a lilac at this time of the year is almost impossible, especially considering the period in which Alexander lived. But he managed to get flowers and give them to his wife. How he did it, he did not tell anyone.
He was twice the editor-in-chief of the Novy Mir magazine: in 1950-1954. and 1958-1970 After Khrushchev was removed from top posts, custom campaigns began to be carried out in the Ogonyok magazine in order to denigrate the Novy Mir magazine. The fight against the Novy Mir magazine was carried out at the highest level – instructions were issued by the Main Directorate for Literature and Publishing Houses (better known as Glavlit). Tvardovsky even wrote a letter to Brezhnev, but to no avail. In February 1970, he was removed from his post as editor-in-chief.
Until Stalin’s death, Tvardovsky showed sympathy for him. However, already in 1953, when Stalin died and the Khrushchev “thaw” began, he somewhat changed his attitude towards the former leader of the USSR. If earlier he did not criticize Joseph Vissarionovich at all, then after Khrushchev came to power, he wrote the poem “For the distance – the distance”, which contains the following lines:
Shortly after he was fired from his post as editor-in-chief of the Novy Mir magazine, he suffered a stroke. He was speechless and paralyzed. When he was examined in the hospital, it turned out that he had advanced lung cancer. In December 1971, the poet died.
Alexander Tvardovsky was married only once, to Maria Illarionovna Gorelova. In marriage, Maria and Alexander had two daughters: Valentina and Olga.
As many contemporaries note, he had a rather complex character. The Soviet writer Alexei Ivanovich Kondratovich said that Tvardovsky was characterized by excessive emotionality, and his mood could change in one second. He could be very sad, and a minute later laugh out loud. Could be evil, and in a moment the sweetest person on the planet.
His brother Ivan said that it was difficult to have conversations with him, since the very presence of Alexander caused some kind of incomprehensible discomfort. Next to him it was difficult to fully open up, joke, etc.
The Russian poet Lev Adolfovich Ozerov said that Alexander outwardly was calm and self-possessed. But he did not trust anyone and from the very first minutes of his acquaintance he built a wall between himself and the new interlocutor.
Like many prominent writers, he not only created his own works, but also translated them from other languages. He translated various texts from Armenian, Belarusian, Ukrainian. For example, his translations include the poem “Owl” (T.G. Shevchenko), the poem “Poplar” (T.G. Shevchenko), the poem “Gaidamaki” (T.G. Shevchenko), the poem “Mikhailo” (I. Ya. Franko), the poem “With a new thought” (Yanka Kupala), etc.
He was an avid lover of alcohol and at the same time he never hid it. This concludes our article, dear readers. Thank you for paying attention to our Internet resource.