|Currency||South Sudanese pound|
|Form of government||federal presidential republic|
|Population||12 340 000 people|
Hello, dear readers of the Interessno.ru website. Sudan should not be confused with South Sudan. These are two different states, with South Sudan being the last country in the world to gain independence. This happened in 2011, when the residents of South Sudan voted in a referendum on their independence.
And today we decided to tell you in detail about this state. In this article, we have collected the most interesting facts about South Sudan.
In 1870, the English explorer Samuel White Baker colonized Equatoria, which is now largely present-day South Sudan. For a long time this territory was “independent” before it was united with Sudan in 1947. However, due to protest sentiments and civil wars, South Sudan seceded from Sudan again in 2011.
The country’s colonial past has greatly influenced it in the future. Today the official language of this state is English. But at the same time, bilingual or even trilingual residents are a familiar phenomenon for this state. English is the official language and is preferred in business relations and among the highly educated. In addition to English, cities communicate in Arabic or Jubi Arabic. In addition to these three languages, the indigenous people of the country speak their native languages of the indigenous peoples.
Evangelicals helped spread Christianity to much of South Sudan, making the lion’s share of the population Christian. According to preliminary estimates, more than 60% of the country’s population are parishioners of the Catholic, Episcopal and Presbyterian denominations. About 33% of the population adhere to indigenous African religions (mostly in rural areas). There are also Muslims. They account for about 6% of the population.
Young Sudan was largely ignored by the former Sudan regime due to racial considerations, as southerners are predominantly black and northerners (now living in Sudan) are Arabs. Because of this, the infrastructure practically did not develop in this state. After gaining independence, an economic miracle did not happen and this state to this day remains unpopular among tourists, with a poorly developed infrastructure (very few paved roads), etc.
The population of this state is one of the youngest in the world. Approximately half of the population is under 18 years old, and about 2/5 of the country’s population is under 15 years old. As for the population under 30, it accounts for almost 75% of the population of the state.
The highest mountain in the South is Mount Kineti. Its peak is 3187 meters above sea level.
Today it is one of the poorest countries on the planet. The country is in last place in both total GDP and GDP in PPP (purchasing power parity). In addition to dire poverty, most of the country’s inhabitants live in unsanitary conditions and in conditions of malnutrition. Even in the largest city and the capital Juba, there is not everywhere asphalt, there are practically no multi-storey buildings, there is no sewage system, etc.
Cows are often used as currency for exchange. Most of this barter is practiced in rural areas. They also often guard livestock with weapons to protect their household from potential robbers.
It has one of the lowest life expectancy rates. At the moment, life expectancy in the country is just over 60 years.
Every child in this state has the right to free primary education. It is also mandatory under the Constitution. But the situation with education in the country is critical. More than 2 million children do not attend school at all. Most of the children out of school are girls. The main obstacle to their education is early marriage. Most girls in South Sudan become pregnant or get married before the age of 15.
There are big problems with medical services. South Sudan has one of the highest maternal mortality rates in the world (about 790 deaths per 100,000 live births). In addition, about 75% of all child deaths in the country are caused by diseases that are easily dealt with in more developed countries (pneumonia, diarrhea, malaria, etc.).
About 50% of the country’s residents do not have access to safe drinking water. Because of this, many YUZh citizens are forced to drink dirty water, which leads to the development of diseases transmitted in this way (cholera and diarrhea).
When civil war broke out here (in 2013), many South Sudanese fled to neighboring states such as Ethiopia, Kenya and Uganda. Uganda continues to hold the largest contingent of South Sudanese refugees to date.
The largest ethnic group in South Sudan is the Dinka. It is a Nilotic people, making up the majority of the country’s population (it accounts for about 2/5 of the population). The second largest ethnic group is the Nuer. This Nilotic group accounts for about 1/5 of the country’s population.
The Dinka people are known as the tallest people in Africa. The average height of the men of this tribe is 182.6 cm, and the women are 181.3 cm.
It is also worth noting that there were two tallest basketball players in NBA history. These are Manute Bol and Gheorghe Mureshan. Both basketball players were 231 cm tall. Speaking of Manute Bol, he was from Sudan and belonged to the Dinka tribe.
Today there are 44 landlocked states on the planet. Most of these countries are located in Africa (16) and Europe (14). South Sudan is one of the African landlocked states. It is surrounded by neighbors such as Sudan, CAR, DRC, Uganda and Kenya.
The country’s main resource is oil. It accounts for more than half of the country’s GDP. But the pipelines through which the “black gold” is exported come through Sudan, which causes problems, since each of the countries has its own interests in the distribution of oil profits.
That’s all, dear readers. Thank you for choosing our site. See you soon.