named after the Roman God of agriculture.
This is truly one of the most beautiful
the planets in our Solar system. Saturn
is famous the planet with a huge
is far enough away from the Earth,
however, it can be observed from a simple
it should be noted that Saturn is
not the only planet which
has the ring. For example, they
have Jupiter and Uranus. Only one difference
that ring these two planets are not
so dense as Saturn.
today's article we have prepared for
you not only short description of this
but very interesting facts about her.
and his neighbor
Jupiter — Saturn is
composed of hydrogen and helium. Inside
planet hydrogen can be found in liquid
form. The density of Saturn is only 0.687 g/cm3,
which is almost 2 times lower than the density of water.
(of course this is impossible), if you throw
Saturn in water, it simply would have surfaced.
to look at satellite images, it
we can understand that he
not a perfect spherical shape. All this
due to the fact that it is slightly convex
in the region of the equator. The reason for this
convexity — a quick spin around
its axis. With
scientific point of view it
is called "Oblate spheroid".
Italian physicist Galileo Galilei was
who first observed the Saturn through
in 1610. Then he asked a question
what is the "appendages",
near the planet. Since
Galileo's observations of the rings were visible
with ribs, it
did not understand that it is a ring.
He believed that to be so
- called "triple planet".
Only after 45 years, in 1955, the Netherlands
physicist Christian Huygens, using
found that the rings were not satellites
part of the planet,
which is generally
touch the surface of Saturn.
By the way, Huygens discovered it
largest moon — Titan.
this planet was visited by 4 space
apparatus. Three of them flew past
planet is: Pioneer 11 in 1979, Voyager 1 in
1980 and Voyager 2 in 1981. In 2004
the spacecraft Cassini orbited the planet
in order to make it more detailed
analysis. In 2017, 13 years after
start of work with "Gas
the process of burning oxygen in the atmosphere
is a true record for
the number of satellites. On
today, 62 of the satellite discovered this
planet and not the fact that they are not yet. Of course
the majority of them are huge blocks
with a diameter of several kilometers. However
the largest moon of Saturn, Titan,
is the second largest satellite
in our Solar system.
recently, scientists didn't know
the length of day on Saturn, so
as they could not accurately set
the speed of rotation of the planet around its
axis. In addition
no solid surface and no
reference points, which could
to start when measuring speed
scientists managed to measure the speed
the rotation of the planet. This was achieved
the study of magnetic field rotation.
Thanks to the research managed
to establish that 1 earth day
lasts 10.5 hours.
still not sure how around the planet
formed his famous ring.
Perhaps they appeared at the time of creation
the Saturn. It
there is, in this case, it rings more 4.5
billion years. Some
scientists have put forward another theory. They
assume that, next to him
was a satellite with a diameter of 300 km, which
collapsed due to gravity of Saturn. At
to scientists, this happened
about 100 million years ago. So
by astronomical standards, rings
Saturn's are fairly new
objects, of course,
if confirmed by the theory of disintegration
this is a truly complex structure. Before
many thought that ring the planet
just one thing, but in reality they
The key rings, the planet 7. They are called
A, B, C, D, E, F, G. each fixed
the ring is divided into a number of smaller and
narrow rings, the number of which
thousands. With all
this ring has a heterogeneous structure,
as ice particles
with each other, forming new lesions.
sure that this
could not be life. However,
he has the moon Enceladus, which
it is quite
would be quite
On this satellite there is a sufficiently large
the amount of water and heat.
blow the strong wind which
only can meet in a Sunny
system. The speed of the winds of Saturn
1800 km/h Is
note that this speed is almost
exceeds the speed of the winds in the area in the
atmospheric vortex in the Solar system
— The Great Red Spot. BKP is
on Jupiter, and the speed of its winds
reaches 500 km/h.
Twice in 29 years its rings are almost invisible to humans with the Earth, so as to turn their "ribs". For example, this phenomenon was observed in 2008 and 2009.
We also recommend you to read: Interesting facts about Venus for kids and description
space station "Cassini" was
obtained amazing pictures
The North pole of Saturn, which was
Aurora. These lights were
unique and was not observed anywhere in
The solar system. In fact, scientists
have opened a brand new polar
forms around the 1st
from the poles of Saturn's ring.
to fully describe the orbit around the Sun
29 earth years, or 10 759 days.
That's all, dear readers. I hope this information was useful not only for children but also for adult audiences. Thank you for your attention.