Welcome to our website Interessno.ru, dear readers. Peas are one of the most nutrient and fiber rich legumes. Legumes are a large family of dicotyledonous plants, which include chickpeas, lentils, beans, and even peanuts.
It is a naturally sweet agricultural product that plays an important role in the world’s diet for many people. It provides a person with essential vitamins such as vitamin K, vitamin C and folic acid, amino acids, carbohydrates, etc.
And today we decided to take a closer look at this popular leguminous plant. In the article we have collected the most interesting facts about peas.
Peas reach their peak of sweetness immediately after harvest. As soon as the pods are removed from the plants, the sugar in the beans begins to turn into starch. That is why it tastes best when consumed shortly before the beans are taken off the bush.
After being removed from the bush, the aroma begins to disappear from the beans. To preserve it, you need to freeze them within three hours of harvesting.
Western Asia and North Africa are considered its homeland, although it is not known exactly where this agricultural plant actually originated. Wild peas can still be found in Afghanistan, Iran and Ethiopia. It came to Europe thanks to the colonialists, who spread this culture around the world.
There are dozens of varieties of peas, but most of them are nutritious and unsuitable for consumption due to their fibrous shell.
The famous French pea variety “petits pois”, distinguished by its small size and sweet taste, was bred by a royal gardener during the reign of Louis XIV.
Only about 5% of all peas produced are sold fresh. Most of it is either canned, sold dried or frozen.
It is one of the most nutritious foods in the world, providing quality protein to the majority of the population in the developing world. A handful of peas, weighing about 50 grams, contains about 50 calories, 4 grams of protein, 12 grams of carbohydrates. It also contains large amounts of calcium, fiber, phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, vitamin C, etc.
Eating this legume regularly can reduce the chance of developing life-threatening diseases such as cancer, heart disease, diabetes, etc. This is due to the presence of antioxidants in it, which help reduce inflammation in the body.
Pea shoots are a gourmet product that is added to many dishes in restaurants. Its shoots have an elegant taste. Growing young shoots (tender upper leaves, stem and tendrils) has already become a real profitable business.
Previously, pea sausage was made from it. This is one of the oldest food concentrates of industrial production, which is a portioned “tablets” for making pea soup (the dry mixture consisted of grated peas, lard, meat and spices). This sausage was invented in 1867 by a Berlin chef and canned food manufacturer, Johann Heinrich Grüneberg.
During the Franco-Prussian War (1870-1871), it formed the basis of the diet of German soldiers (although they did not like it very much). In 2018, the production of pea sausage finally ceased due to the lack of demand for it.
China is the leading producer of green peas in the world. It accounts for more than 35% of all peas produced in the world. Following the People’s Republic of China is India, with a share of almost 20%. India is followed by the United States of America, France, Pakistan and Algeria.
In ancient India and ancient China, it was considered a symbol of wealth and fertility. But in ancient Greece, the attitude towards it was absolutely opposite, since there it was eaten mainly by the poor.
Pea starch is made from it. It is a pure substitute for modified potato and corn starch. Recently, pea starch has become increasingly popular due to its higher content of amylose (one of the main polysaccharides that make up starch).
Xampla makes bioplastics out of peas. This is an alternative to modern plastic (made from petroleum products), which, unlike the polymers we are used to, consists of pea protein and decomposes much faster (or is consumed by animals).
In Russia, he appeared around the 6th century BC. As for green peas, it appeared much later, in the 18th century. Then it was mainly grown in the Yaroslavl province, but later it gained great popularity and they began to grow it even for export.
He, like all legumes, can completely replace the meat of animals and poultry, if a person adheres to a vegetarian lifestyle. Peas contain all the essential amino acids (lysine, methionine, tryptophan, threonine, valine, phenylalanine, leucine, isoleucine, histidine and arginine), and its protein is absorbed at the level of 75-80%, which is equivalent to meat protein (only protein is better absorbed from dairy products and eggs).
Like all legumes, peas arrange symbiosis with nodule bacteria, which fix the free nitrogen of the atmosphere. That is why legumes are an ideal agricultural crop, since nodule bacteria adequately provide the soil with nitrogen, thereby reducing the need for fertilizer.
The very first plants that were in space were corn, wheat, onions and peas. For the first time, the seeds of these plants rose into the orbit of our planet in 1960. They got into space at the same time when the famous dogs Belka and Strelka flew there.
In the old days in Russia there was a very popular punishment to put children in a corner on peas. This type of punishment was used by parents for various reasons: the child disobeyed or did not complete the work assigned to him.
This concludes our article, our dear readers. We hope the facts about peas were liked not only by children, but also by an older audience.