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Oct 15, 2021
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Interesting facts about nature

nature

Hello dear readers. Our world is full of wonders. And despite the fact that a person daily discovers something new for himself, the planet Earth still keeps many secrets.

And today we have prepared for you the most interesting facts about nature.

# 1

One of the most impressive bodies of water on Earth is the Amazon River. This is the deepest river on our planet. Its length is 6400 km, if taken from the source of the Marañon River, which makes it the second longest after the famous Nile River, which is 6 852 km long. However, many scientists are beginning to measure the Amazon River from the source of the Ucayali, making it about 7100 km long.

# 2

The world’s largest coral reef is located in the Pacific Ocean, along the northeastern coast of Australia. It is called the Great Barrier Reef. Its length is 2500 km, and its area is 344 400 km.2… There are over 2,900 coral reefs and 900 islands here.

No. 3

Approximately 75% of all volcanoes on our planet are located in the Pacific Volcanic Ring of Fire. Of the 540 active volcanoes known to mankind, 328 are located in this volcanic ring of fire.

No. 4

Everest

The highest mountain in the world is Chomolungma (aka Everest). The height of this mountain is 8848 meters above sea level. However, if we talk about the distance from the center of the Earth, then Everest will not be the most distant. In this regard, it loses to the extinct volcano Chimborazo, located in Ecuador. Chimborazo is only 6,310 meters high. However, due to the fact that our planet has the shape of an imperfect sphere (flattened at the poles, and expanded at the equator), Chimborazo Peak is the most distant point on the planet.

No. 5

What do you think is the largest desert on the planet? We are sure that you will answer – Sahara. But this is not the case. The desert is not only about sand and sun. The very definition of a desert implies a natural zone in which there is very little rainfall and very poor flora and fauna. Based on this definition, the largest desert in the world is the Antarctic Desert (Antarctica). Its area is 13,829,430 km2… The famous Sahara follows the Antarctic Desert. Its area is 9,100,000 km2

# 6

The most common form of life on the planet is viruses. According to preliminary estimates of scientists, there are more viruses on our planet than there are stars in our Galaxy.

This is not only the most numerous biological group on our planet, but also the least studied. Viruses infect all forms of cellular organisms on Earth.

Viruses kill a huge number of bacteria and germs every day.

# 7

Scientists estimate that about 400,000 different plant species grow on our planet. It is much more difficult to assess which of these plants are edible to humans. However, according to preliminary estimates of scientists, their number varies from 80,000 to 300,000.

But, despite such a huge number of edible plants, around the world people eat only about 200 of these species. Surprisingly, out of these 200 species, about 50% of the calories that a person gets from edible plants come from: rice, wheat and corn.

No. 8

The fastest growing plant in the world is bamboo. The record speed was recorded in the bamboo leaf grate (Phyllostachys bambusoides). This plant can grow up to 120 centimeters per day.

In addition to the fact that bamboo grows quite quickly, most of the species (and there are about 1200 of them) reach enormous sizes. For example, Dendrocalamus brandisii can grow up to 38 meters.

No. 9

All water on our planet carries out the so-called hydrological cycle (water cycle in nature). All water on the planet evaporates, then air vapors in the form of clouds are transported across the sky, the vapors condense and fall out in the form of precipitation. Also, water is transferred from rivers to seas, etc.

No. 10

On our planet, about 65% of all fresh water is in the form of ice. And if all the ice on Earth melted, the level of the world’s oceans would rise by about 60 meters.

No. 11

Our earth’s crust (the earth that you see under your feet) consists of a fairly small number of elements. 49.13% of the earth’s crust consists of oxygen, 26.0% of silicon and 7.45% of aluminum. The remaining 17.42% are elements such as iron, calcium, sodium, potassium, etc.

No. 12

sea

The largest sea on the planet is the Sargasso Sea. Its area is 6-7 million km2… In addition to being the largest sea, it is also the only sea that does not have a coastline. The borders of the Sargasso Sea are outlined by four currents: the Gulf Stream, North Atlantic, Canary and North Passat.

No. 13

Do you think trees produce most of the oxygen? In fact, this is not the case. For most of the oxygen on our planet, we must thank phytoplankton. Phytoplankton is the part of plankton (small organisms that cannot resist the flow and drift in its direction) that can produce oxygen.

No. 14

The very first form of life that originated on our planet was microorganisms. Microorganisms include very small unicellular organisms (bacteria, fungi, protists and archaea). They also remained the only form of life on Earth for another 1,000,000,000 years. Later, multicellular organisms began to appear.

No. 15

The lowest recorded temperature was recorded in Antarctica, near the Japanese research station Fuji Dome. The recorded temperature dropped to -91.2 degrees Celsius.

As for the highest temperature, it was recorded in the United States, in the village of Furnes Creek and was +56.7 degrees Celsius. This temperature was recorded in 1913 and is the absolute maximum for our planet.

That’s all, dear friends. Thank you for visiting our website.

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