banner
Nov 9, 2021
6 Views
0 0

Interesting facts about Maxim Gorky

Maksim Gorky

Hello dear readers. Maxim Gorky is an outstanding Russian writer, poet, prose writer, playwright, founder of the literature of socialist realism. He attracted the attention of readers from all over the world with his naturalistic and sympathetic tales of vagabonds and social outcasts.

And today we decided to better acquaint you with this person. In the article we have collected the most interesting facts about Maxim Gorky.

# 1

Alexey Maksimovich Peshkov is one of the most famous Russian writers of the 20th century, but he firmly entered literature under the pseudonym Maxim Gorky. His childhood can hardly be called cloudless: he lost his parents early, and his maternal grandfather and grandmother were engaged in his upbringing. Some of the events of childhood formed the basis of the autobiographical trilogy “Childhood”, “In people”, “My Universities”.

# 2

The emergence of the pseudonym of the writer is interesting. Literary critics claim that he invented it himself. He took the name in memory of his father, who died when the boy was 3 years old. It is believed that the father was caring for a young son who contracted cholera. Alyosha eventually recovered, but his father contracted the disease himself and soon died. The name Gorky leaves room for speculation. Most likely, this is a reminder of the writer’s bitter life in childhood and adolescence. For the first time the pseudonym “Maxim Gorky” appeared in 1892 under the story “Makar Chudra”.

No. 3

Maksim Gorky

He did not receive a good education. His mother and grandmother taught him the basics of literacy, then he attended a parish school, but did not finish his studies to the end. Later he entered school, which he also had to leave. The fact is that Alexei spent a lot of time on the street, with boys like himself. We can say that the street became for him the main “school” that taught him how to survive.

He tried to enter Kazan University, but the attempt was unsuccessful. But, nevertheless, the lack of education did not prevent Gorky from becoming a brilliant writer.

No. 4

In his youth, he was passionate about reading. He had an excellent memory and quickly grasped the essence of the work. He read many books of art and philosophy, which left a mark on his soul for life.

Nevertheless, he was not distinguished by literacy and made a huge number of mistakes in his works, which later had to be corrected by his wife Catherine.

No. 5

From an early age, Gorky developed a difficult relationship with faith in God and religion. As a child, his grandfather forced him to attend church, but the boy never liked it.

In his youth, he made several suicide attempts, for which he was excommunicated for several years. Each time he was saved by a miracle. Most likely, he suffered from a mental disorder and, as a result, had an unbalanced and impulsive character.

# 6

He held revolutionary views and fervently supported the Bolsheviks. In 1898 he was arrested, and in 1901 he was exiled to the provinces for helping to organize an underground press. When he was elected a member of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1902, Nicholas II vetoed the appointment because of the writer’s anti-government stance.

During the 1905-1907 Revolution in Russia, he was again imprisoned for writing and distributing proclamations calling for the overthrow of the current monarchy.

From 1906 to 1913 he lived in Italy on the island of Capri, where his house became the center of the literary political activity of Russians abroad. In 1913, the tsar pardoned Gorky, and he returned to his homeland.

# 7

Gorky had a loving temperament and a very rich personal life. He entered into long-term relationships several times, although his only formal marriage was never dissolved. Researchers make up legends about his numerous love affairs.

No. 8

Immediately after the October Revolution of 1917, he worked hard to preserve the Russian cultural heritage. He organized houses for writers and artists, founded publishing houses and theaters, and used his influence in the new Soviet regime to encourage the development of art. However, he spent most of the period from 1921 to 1933 in Germany and Italy, partly due to the treatment of a pulmonary disease, and partly due to the fact that he fell out with the leadership of the USSR.

No. 9

Maxim Gorky was fond of playing chess. He watched with interest the chess battles of his friends and acquaintances. It is known that he even arranged games with Lenin, as evidenced by several photographs taken on the island of Capri in Italy.

Chess is also present on the pages of his works and often helps to really reveal the character of the characters.

No. 10

Maksim Gorky

In 1895 he published the story “Chelkash” in the leading Petersburg literary magazine “Russian wealth”. This story first glorified Maxim Gorky. Four years later, in 1899, he published the story Twenty-Six Men and a Girl (published as Twenty-Six and One). The success of this story raised the writer to the highest echelons of the literary landscape of Russia. He made friends like Leo Tolstoy and Anton Chekhov.

No. 11

He was nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature as many as five times, between 1918 and 1933. But he never managed to get this award. He lost to Ivan Bunin and William Butler Yeats. His frequent nominations demonstrate what an important literary contribution he made not only in Russia, but also in the world.

No. 12

Although Gorky spent 18 years abroad, including 15 years in Italy, he never mastered a foreign language.

No. 13

Maxim Gorky died at the age of 68. For many years he suffered from a debilitating lung disease. And yet, some literary scholars believe that he could have been killed on the instructions of Trotsky or even Stalin himself. Whether this is true or not, is still a mystery.

No. 14

Gorky was the most published Soviet writer in his homeland: the total circulation of his books for almost 70 years exceeded 242.5 million copies. If we consider Russian writers as a whole, then in terms of the number of publications it is second only to Leo Tolstoy and Alexander Pushkin.

That’s all, our dear readers. Thank you for your attention to our site.

Article Categories:
Interesting
banner

Leave a Reply