Nov 6, 2021
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Interesting facts about Marina Tsvetaeva


Hello dear readers. Marina Ivanovna Tsvetaeva is a Russian poetess whose poems are distinguished by abrupt rhythms, originality and directness. Despite the fact that she is not so popular outside of Russia, in her homeland she is considered one of the best poetesses of the twentieth century.

And today we decided to tell you more about this outstanding woman. In the publication we have collected the most interesting facts about Marina Tsvetaeva.

# 1

Marina Tsvetaeva is not the only one in the family to glorify this surname. Her father, Ivan Vladimirovich, was a very recognizable figure in the creative circles of the Moscow intelligentsia. He devoted all his life to the study of beauty, founded the Museum of Fine Arts (now the Pushkin Museum), and taught at Moscow University. Sister Anastasia became a writer (and lived to be almost 100 years old).

# 2

Marina equally early began to show aptitude for music and literature. Perhaps she was destined to become a pianist like a mother. However, poetry won out. The first poems were written by her at the age of 6. She composed fluently in Russian, French and German, which she has mastered since childhood.

No. 3


After the death of Marina’s mother (she was then only 14 years old), taking care of the children fell on the shoulders of her father. He was busy with work, so he could not devote all his time to them. Perhaps that is why the children grew up independent beyond their years, they began to take an interest in the political situation in the state and relations with the opposite sex early enough.

No. 4

Tsvetaeva married early (she was 19 years old). The first years of Tsvetaeva’s married life were happy, the best that a woman of her class could enjoy. In 1912 she published her second book and the first book by Sergei Efron.

The couple bought what they liked, spent time on the Black Sea, and paid servants to cook and clean. During this period, Tsvetaeva’s poetry became more mature, she received the Moscow Literary Prize, occasionally published in magazines or read at a friend’s house.

No. 5

Many literary scholars and critics call Tsvetaeva a bad mother.

Perhaps she simply was not ready for all the hardships that family life with Sergei Efron brought her. During the Civil War, he joined the Volunteer Army on the side of the whites, and later emigrated to Europe. Marina had to pull two daughters alone for some time. Due to the difficult financial situation, they even had to send two children to the Kuntsevo orphanage, in which the youngest daughter Irina died of hunger.

Interestingly, having given birth to a son, George, Tsvetaeva showed more reverent care for him than she once did for her daughters. And this despite the fact that Georgy was an egocentric and rather unpleasant teenager.

# 6

Marina, as a creative and sensitive nature, was distinguished by some extravagance. For example, despite her poor eyesight, she did not want to wear glasses. Because of this, the world was perceived to her as fuzzy and blurry, but she saw some charm in this.

She also did not like to paint, and most often appeared in public without makeup.

# 7

Tsvetaeva spent 17 years in exile. In 1922 she managed to escape to Germany, and later she moved to Prague to her husband, who fled from Russia after the defeat of the “White”. Then Marina, her daughter Alya and Sergei moved to France. At this time, the financial situation of the family was deplorable. Sergei Efron was imbued with the ideas of the communists and again plunged into political struggle. He was not up to the financial well-being of his family.

No. 8

While in exile, Tsvetaeva was in active correspondence. It is interesting that in her letters she was quite frank, even with those with whom she did not know. For example, in letters to Boris Pasternak, she wrote a lot about the personal. Their meeting took place after Marina’s return to her homeland.

No. 9

Marina Tsvetaeva had a complex character. She did not know how to please people and be polite and sweet even when the rules of decency demanded it. She was more interested in her own inner world with its conflicting experiences and emotions.

No. 10


Many speculations are connected with the details of the death of Marina Tsvetaeva. It is a well-known fact that the poet committed suicide by hanging. She was pushed to such a terrible end by all the past trials through which she was destined to go.

When Tsvetaeva was evacuated from Moscow, she already felt a bottomless abyss in her soul. Elabuga (a city in the Republic of Tatarstan) received her unfriendly. Household difficulties have always been difficult for her. But in the last days of her life, Tsvetaeva understood that she still had to go through many hardships and humiliations, through hunger and lack of normal work, and she no longer had the strength to overcome new trials.

No. 11

Despite the fact that throughout her life Marina loved only her husband, she had several novels.

In 1914 she met the talented Russian poet and translator Sofia Yakovlevna Parnok. Tsvetaeva even left her husband and spent 2 whole years with Parnok, until 1916. Tsvetaeva dedicated a cycle of poems “Girlfriend” to Sofia Parnok.

When Tsvetaeva came to her husband in Prague, she began an affair with a lawyer and NKVD agent Konstantin Rodzevich. Some historians believe that the father of her son George was not her husband Sergei, but Rodzevich. Although there is no hard evidence to support this theory.

No. 12

She had many fans. Her poetry was highly appreciated by Russian poets Valery Bryusov, Maximilian Voloshin, Boris Pasternak, Anna Akhmatova. Her work was also admired by Rainer Maria Rilke, one of the most influential modernist poets of the 20th century.

As for the most devoted admirer of Tsvetaeva, he was the Russian poet Joseph Brodsky.

No. 13

An asteroid Tsvetaeva is named in her honor. This asteroid was discovered by Soviet astronomers in 1982 and received the number 3511.

This concludes our article. Thank you for choosing our site to obtain the information you need.

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