Hello dear readers of the Interessno.ru website. Before digital communication came into our lives, sending letters by mail was the only option. And despite the fact that today it is not as important for a person as it used to be (people have social networks, email, etc.), millions of people around the world continue to use its services.
And today we have prepared for you the most interesting facts about mail.
One of the most surprising facts of the 20th century is the mailing of not only written and other items, but also children. Such a service had to be used by the poor people of America, who prefer, for example, to send the child on vacation to relatives. The thing is that a train ticket was much more expensive than a package. A special stamp was put on the child’s clothes. The children were assigned couriers who accompanied them during the “journey”. However, in June 1920, a ban was issued on such illegal shipments, as the government decided.
The middle of the 19th century is the time when pneumatic mail began to spread in major American and European cities. At that time, there were post stations connected underground by pipes. The letters were packed in metal capsules and sent to their destination. The “sender” was air (compressed or rarefied). New technologies emerged, and such shipping methods were gradually becoming a thing of the past. The last pneumatic tube ceased to exist in Prague in 2002.
Royal Mail Opener – such a position existed in England in the 17th and 18th centuries. What was this job? The person appointed to this position is obliged to fish mail bottles with messages from the sea. The death penalty threatened those who tried to independently catch letters in bottles.
The state of Vanuatu is located in the South Pacific. The small island still has a post office located under water. This is a unique and the only post in the world under water, which attracts tourists from all countries not only to admire the underground structure, but also the fact that from there you can send a message to your relatives.
America is the largest postal employer in the world. According to statistics, about a million people were able to get a job as postal workers in this country.
In Costa Rica, until recently, the population received postal messages through “navigation”. Letters and parcels were delivered approximately according to such descriptions: “100 meters south of the church, behind the red house.” And, although the government decided to establish new rules in the post office so that correspondence was delivered to the address, as is the case around the world, some locals still use the old system describing “go there,” “behind that house,” and so on.
The Kingdom of Bhutan had no postal service until 1962. Modernization in the state was carried out by the king’s adviser and businessman from America Bert Kerr Todd. He proposed to issue unique postage stamps, which soon became the main income of the postal service of the Kingdom of Bhutan. Bert Kerr Todd was the first to develop unique stamps: they were stereoscopic (volumetric, embossed), printed on foil and exuded aroma.
Vladislav Koval, not yet a famous artist, often sent letters to his relatives through post offices. However, in order to save money, he did not stick stamps on the envelopes. During his studies, he simply drew them by hand. Surprisingly, all letters reached the addressees.
There is an amazing period in the history of the post office when they tried to train cats in Liege (Belgium) to deliver parcels. It happened in 1870. In order to deliver parcels from Liege, attempts were made to train 37 cats. As you might guess, this venture failed. Only one cat successfully delivered a letter to a neighboring village. However, this was a sporadic result and such a postal service was soon abandoned.
Philately is the field of collecting and studying postage stamps (such as stamps) and other philatelic materials. And philatelists are truly rich people. A stamp collector bought a 1 cent (at the time of issue) postage stamp in 2014 at an auction in New York for £ 5.6 million. At that time, this brand was considered the rarest in the world – purple British Guiana. In addition to being the rarest brand in the world, its value was added by the fact that it was previously owned by an American businessman, philanthropist and philatelist John Dupont, who was convicted in the United States of third degree murder.
In 2006, a prisoner named Richard Lee McNair (who received 2 life sentences) managed to leave the prison along with mail bags. In prison, he worked at the station where he had to fix torn bags. He worked in this position for several months, after which he developed a new escape plan (before that he had already left the prison through the ventilation). He hid under a pile of mail bags, which were packed with shrink wrap, and when they were taken outside the prison, he calmly got out of the package and free.
The longest prison sentence in history is 384,912 years. Surprisingly, a person received such a term not for murder, but for not delivering parcels. Such a term was received by the 22-year-old postman Gabriel March Grandos, who did not deliver 42,768 letters to people. The court in the Spanish city of Palma de Mallorca issued a verdict: almost 9 years in prison for each of the undelivered letters.
Which person on the planet do you think gets the most letters? The answer is obvious – to the Pope. Yes, about 1000 letters are sent to him weekly, both personal and related to his service. In addition to the Pope, a large number of letters are written to the Finnish Santa Claus Joulupukki. From 1985 to the present day, more than 18 million messages have been sent to him.
The city of Haikki, in the state of Himachal Pradesh (India), has the tallest post office in the world. It is located at an altitude of 4440 meters above sea level. There are 2 postmen working here, who make a 46-kilometer journey every day to deliver mail to the city, from where it is sent further. This branch serves several sparsely populated villages.
That’s all, dear readers. Thank you for your attention to our Internet resource.