Welcome to our website, dear readers. Linden is a tree of the genus Tilia belonging to the family Malvaceae (Malvaceae). Today, there are 45 species of this genus, which mostly grow in the temperate and subtropical zones of the northern hemisphere.
And today we decided to take a closer look at these majestic trees. In the article we have collected the most interesting facts about linden.
She was a sacred tree in ancient Greece and Egypt. In the sarcophagi of Fayum, masks made of linden wood were found.
The Celts and Germans claimed that truth arises in the shadow of a linden tree. Her fragrance contributed to the mercy of the judges and the reconciliation of the parties.
They grow from 15 to 40 meters in height, depending on their species. The average life expectancy of these trees is 400-600 years. But scientists have also found older specimens, which were over 1000 years old. Part of this long lifespan is due to their ability to regenerate and continue to grow even after injury and disease.
This is the most important honey plant. In a number of places in Central Russia and the Far East, linden gives nectar to bees to create linden honey. Bees make it from the nectar of greenish-yellow linden flowers. From one flowering linden of middle age, bees can make oo 16 to 30 kilograms of high-quality honey, and from 1 hectare of flowering lindens – more than 1000 kilograms of honey.
Because of these qualities, this tree was rightly nicknamed the “Queen of honey plants.”
From a linden receive soft and well processed wood. But at the same time, it should be noted that it resists moisture very poorly, which is why it has not found application as outdoor building materials. Linden wood is mostly used for making furniture frames, picture frames, pencils, matches, etc.
Also, due to its good acoustic properties and ease of processing, this wood has become a popular material for the construction of the bodies of electric guitars and basses, as well as wind instruments such as recorders.
As we said earlier, there are about 50 types of lindens in the world, but only three are the most common:
- Small-leaved (Tilia Cordata).
- Large-leaved (Tilia Platyphyllos).
- Fluffy/silver (Tilia Tomentosa).
They are hermaphrodites. One tree has both male and female organs. The tree is pollinated by insects, in particular by bees. After pollination of flowers, they turn into round-oval, slightly ribbed fruits with a pointed top. Small balls about 0.3 cm in diameter, grouped in 2, 3 or 4 and having a “leaflet-wing”, which, thanks to the wind, can carry the seeds away from their parent tree and allow them to colonize a new territory.
Perhaps the first thing many people associate with this tree is linden tea. Indeed, many people collect linden flowers, dry them, and then prepare a delicious and fragrant drink all winter. And the popularity of linden tea is not surprising. Indeed, thanks to the active ingredients contained in it (flavonoids, essential oils, etc.), a drink from the flowers of this tree facilitates breathing, relieves inflammation, and acts as a diuretic and bactericidal agent.
Its flowers are also used in folk medicine. They help fight colds, coughs, fevers, various infectious diseases, spasms, etc.
In the Slavic Orthodox Christian world, linden was the material of choice for panel painting. For example, the icons created by the famous Russian icon painter Andrei Rublev, including the “Holy Trinity” (Hospitality of Abraham) and “Savior”, now located in the State Tretyakov Gallery in Moscow, are painted on this tree.
The most dangerous insect for linden is aphids. These small, long-legged creatures with pear-shaped bodies and tubular structures projecting from the back of the body suck the sap from the leaves of the tree, and also secrete a sugar-rich, sweet liquid called honeydew (not to be confused with the honeydew secreted by the tree itself, which is a good source of food for insects, including bees).
These are very unpretentious and easy-to-care trees that grow equally well both in the sun and in partial shade. That is why many gardeners plant them for landscaping their territory.
It is the heraldic plant of the Czech Republic. The image of linden branches and leaves is found on Czech state awards and medals, on city and state heraldry.
The name of this genus comes from the Old Russian word “lipati”, which literally translates as “stick”. This plant has sticky buds, leaves, and inner bark due to honeydew and honeydew produced by aphids.
In Russian folklore, linden occupies one of the first places in terms of the number of references. There are a number of sayings, one way or another connected with this plant. For example, “Pine feeds, linden clothes”, “Peeled like sticky, robbed like raspberries”, “Who is from under the oak, and who is from under the sticky”, etc.
From time immemorial, Russian peasants wore bast shoes throughout the year. These bast shoes were woven from bast. Bast is the inner layer of the bark of deciduous trees. The most comfortable durable shoes were made of lime bast. They wore such bast shoes until the 30s of the 20th century, even when there was already the Soviet Union.
It is believed that lightning never strikes this tree. Therefore, if you hide under it or plant it in your yard or behind the yard, you will be protected from lightning. But it’s not. In fact, lightning can strike absolutely any tree, regardless of its genus, species or family. This concludes our article, dear readers. Thank you for paying attention to our Internet resource.