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Oct 15, 2021
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Interesting facts about geography

geography

Hello dear readers. The earth is an amazing place. People have spent years uncovering the secrets of our planet, but we still don’t know a lot about it. And the facts that we know about our planet are sometimes very difficult to believe.

And today we have selected for you the most interesting geographic facts that should appeal to both schoolchildren and an adult audience.

# 1

Russia is such a huge country that it spans 11 time zones. For example, if in Kaliningrad (the westernmost city of the Russian Federation, separated from the rest of Russia by Poland and Lithuania), it is five o’clock in the afternoon, then on the Kamchatka Peninsula (a peninsula in the Far East) – three o’clock the next morning.

As for other large countries, the US has 6 time zones, Canada also has 6 time zones, and Australia has 3 time zones.

# 2

Have you ever heard of the Diomede Islands? The Diomede Islands consist of two islands and are located in the Bering Strait. Kruzenshtern Island belongs to the United States of America, and Ratmanov Island belongs to the Russian Federation. These islands are located less than 4 km from each other. There is also a date line between them, which is why the difference between the clocks on the island of Ratmanov and Kruzenshtern is 21 hours in summer and 20 hours in winter. That is, traveling from one island to another, you can get into the past or the future.

The islands also have a second name. Ratmanov has an island of Tomorrow, and Kruzenstern has an island of Yesterday.

No. 3

Antarctica

When you hear the word “desert”, you are most likely imagining a place where it is very hot, the sun is constantly shining and there is a lot of sand. But the very definition of a desert implies an area with sparse or absent flora and specific fauna, as well as with a minimum amount of precipitation. Therefore, the term “desert” includes not only hot sandy regions. Given this, Antarctica is considered the largest desert in the world. The area of ​​the Antarctic Desert is 13,829,430 km². This desert is followed by the famous Sahara, with an area of ​​9,100,000 km².

No. 4

Our planet is divided into four hemispheres: Northern and Southern, Western and Eastern. And Africa is the only continent that is located in four hemispheres at once.

No. 5

Chimborazo is the highest point on our planet, but not the tallest mountain in the world. The height of the extinct volcano Chimborazo is 6267 meters. This volcano is located in Ecuador.

Our planet is not a perfect sphere. It is slightly flattened at the poles, and widened at the equator. For this reason, the so-called equatorial bulge arises. Chimborazo volcano is located near the equator, so its peak is the farthest from the center of the Earth. That is, its peak is the highest point on the planet. As for Everest, this mountain is the highest relative to sea level.

# 6

Today there are six continents on the planet: Eurasia, Africa, North America, South America, Australia and Antarctica. However, earlier there was only one mainland – Pangea. Pangea is a supercontinent that existed approximately 335-175 million years ago.

# 7

The surface of our planet is largely covered by oceans. They account for about 71% of the entire surface of the Earth. But despite such huge volumes, only a small fraction of water can be used by humans. Of all the water on our planet, only about 2.5-3% is fresh water.

No. 8

Have you ever heard of Vulcan Point Island in the Philippines? This island is considered the most “insular” island in the world. Sounds amazing, doesn’t it? The fact is that the island of Volcano Point is located in the submerged crater of an active volcano. This volcano is located in the middle of Lake Taal. The lake itself is located on the island of Luzon. Thus, it turns out that the island is located in the lake, which is located on the island, which is located in Lake Taal, and the lake itself is located on the island.

No. 9

The only sea in the world that does not have a coastline is the Sargasso Sea. It is located in the Atlantic Ocean and is surrounded by four ocean currents, thanks to which its boundaries are determined. These currents circulate clockwise. This sea is named after the Sargassum algae (“sea grapes”) that are found in its waters.

No. 10

Sudan

Many who hear about the pyramids immediately imagine Egypt. But would you be surprised if we say that there is a country where there are many times more pyramids than in Egypt? This country is Sudan. For example, there are about 140 pyramids in Egypt, while there are more than 250 in Sudan.

No. 11

The deepest place on the planet is in the Pacific Ocean. This is the Challenger Abyss, the lowest point of the Mariana Trench. The Challenger Abyss is 10994 ± 40 meters below sea level.

No. 12

The largest concentration of lakes in the world is in Canada. They occupy about 10% of the entire territory of the country. These lakes are also impressive in their size. 561 Canadian lakes have an area of ​​over 160 km22

No. 13

Oxygen is an essential element for any living organism on our planet. And about 20% of the world’s oxygen is produced in the Amazon rainforest.

No. 14

The Greek mathematician Eratosthenes of Cyrene was not the first scientist to write about the Earth. However, he was the first to correctly theorize and reflect on most of the foundations we are applying now. He published his book Geography in two volumes. The first volume compiles the existing knowledge about geography, as well as his theory of the validity of claims. The second volume explained his formula for calculating the radius of the Earth. It is Eratosthenes of Kirensky who is considered the “father of geography” for his services in the development of geographical ideas.

No. 15

Asia is the largest continent in the world. Asia accounts for about 30% of all land on the planet. Also Asia is not only the largest continent, but also the most populous. This continent is home to almost 50% of the world’s population.

That’s all, dear readers. Thank you for choosing our site to receive useful and interesting information.

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