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Hello dear readers. Estonia is famous for its dense forests, the amazing historical center of Tallinn and an incredible history spanning millennia. Also, it is the northernmost of the three Baltic countries.
And in today’s publication, we decided to better acquaint you with this state. In this article, we have collected the most interesting facts about Estonia.
When we hear about Estonia, we imagine a tiny Baltic country. But did you know that this state owns more than 2,000 islands? The islands account for 9.3% of the total area of the state. Nevertheless, despite the presence of a large number of islands, most of them are not affected by humans, since they are tiny in size.
It is home to about 60 species of mammals. The largest of them is the elk. On the territory of Estonia you can also find roe deer, red deer, wild boars. In the dense forests of the northeast, there are bears, lynxes, foxes, badgers, otters, rabbits, hares, minks, nutria, etc.
Unlike other European countries, a large percentage of residents of foreign origin live here. Only about 2/3 of the country’s population are ethnic Estonians. The largest minority in the country are Russians. They account for ¼ of the population. Other ethnic minorities include Ukrainians, Belarusians and Finns.
The official language of Estonia is Estonian. This language is a member of the Finno-Ugric branch of the Uralic language family and has nothing to do with the languages of other Baltic states (Lithuanian and Latvian). More than 2/3 of the population speaks this language. The second most common language is Russian. It is spoken by about of the population, mainly living in the northeast.
Estonia is known for its forests. In fact, half of its territory is covered with forests, making it one of the greenest countries in the world.
The Baltics are a fairly flat region of Northern Europe, so there is nothing surprising in the fact that the highest point in this country is Suur-Munamägi, which rises only 318 meters above sea level. By the way, this mountain is not only the highest in Estonia, but also in the entire Baltic region.
In 2005, Estonia officially launched online voting for its citizens, thus becoming the first country in the world to implement such technologies. Unsurprisingly, to this day, it is considered the most digitally developed country in the world.
Here, about 95% of tax returns are completed online, and businesses can be registered in minutes.
Some studies have shown that the citizens of this state are the third largest in the world, behind only Latvia and the Netherlands. The average height of Estonian men is 181 cm and the average height of women is 175 cm.
It is one of the least religious countries in the world. Only about 15% of the population are believers. The dominant religion in Estonia is Lutheranism (one of the oldest Protestant movements in Christianity).
The capital of Estonia is Tallinn. This city is one of the best preserved medieval cities in the world. The historic center (Old Town) of Tallinn is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
For 700 years, Estonia was under the rule of Danish, Swedish, German and Russian invaders. Finally, in 1918, this country gained independence, but not for long. In 1940, Estonia became part of the USSR and remained in it until 1991 (although it declared its sovereignty back in 1988).
Keeiking is very popular here. Kiiking is an extreme sport that emerged as an independent discipline in Estonia in 1996. Translated from the Estonian language, the word “kiik” means “swing”.
In 1996, a special swing for keeking was developed in this country, which completely exclude the possibility of injury.
Every year Estonians take part in the World Championship for Carrying Wives, which takes place in Sonkajärvi (Finland). This event is attended by citizens of such countries as Finland, Russia, Estonia, USA, Lithuania, Australia, Germany, Great Britain and the Republic of Korea. Estonians hold the record for the number of victories, having won 11 consecutive victories from 1998 to 2008. Finns follow the Estonians, who have won this Championship 9 times.
The main natural resource of the country is oil shale, which is mined in the north-east of the country. Oil shale is used as a fuel in the production of electricity. There are also phosphorite deposits, which are used in the production of fertilizers.
There are over 1000 natural and artificial lakes here. The largest lake is Peipsi, with an area of 2613 km². The lake is located on the border with the Russian Federation.
The name “Eesti”, or Estonia, comes from the word “Aestii” – the name given by the ancient Germans to the peoples living northeast of the Vistula River. The ancient Roman historian Publius Cornelius Tacitus in 98 AD was the first to mention the people of “Esty”, and the early Scandinavians called the lands south of the Gulf of Finland “Eistland”, and the people living on this land – “Eistr”.
Estonia is one of the least populated countries in Europe, with a population density of less than 30 people per square kilometer. With an area of 45,227 km², only about 1.3 million people live here.
In terms of the density of low population, Estonia is bypassed only by countries such as Finland, Sweden, Norway and Russia.
The blue-black-white national flag of the country was first adopted on November 21, 1918, after independence. This flag existed in the country until 1940, until Estonia became part of the USSR. The flag was re-adopted on 7 August 1990, almost a year before independence.
This country is one of the TOP 5 best places in Europe for bird watching. Here you can meet almost 400 species of birds.
That’s all, dear readers. Thank you for visiting our site.