Hello dear readers of the Interessno.ru website. Berlin is the capital of diversity and freedom. This is a city that sets trends, there is always something to discover and therefore many tourists, visiting Berlin for the 5-10th time, come here as for the first time.
And today we decided to take a closer look at this amazing European city. In this article, we have collected the most interesting facts about Berlin.
It is 9 times the size of Paris. While in Berlin there are only 4 thousand people per 1 square kilometer, in Paris it is 21 thousand people. That is why many tourists who have visited both cities find Berlin more spacious.
It is a city with repeating street names. For example, there are as many as 10 streets with the name Lindenstraße in the capital of Germany, while there are as many as 12 streets with the name Waldstraße. In general, 5 percent of the names of all streets in Berlin are repeated, which leads to confusion. Therefore, it is very important to give the taxi driver along with the street name also the zip code, otherwise you risk getting to another area of this city.
A huge part of Berlin lies underground. Railway networks, sewers, secret basements, bunkers, tunnels from the Second World War – it seems that his underground world is almost larger than on the surface.
When it comes to the water city, people immediately think of Venice and Amsterdam. But Berlin is no less watery than these cities. In terms of the total length of waterways in the city, it even bypasses Venice and Amsterdam. Basically, it is very rich in reservoirs, rivers, canals. For example, here is the Müggelsee – the largest lake, with an area of 7.4 square kilometers. Berlin’s longest canal is Teltow, which is 37.8 km long.
The city is located on the Spree River, which length through Berlin is 45 km (the total length of the river is 382 km).
If you do not know which part of the city you are in: East or West, look for tram lines. It’s simple: in the western part of Berlin, trams were canceled after reunification and replaced with a huge metro system. Therefore, if you find tram lines, then you are in the eastern part of Berlin.
In the eastern part, the traffic lights that were standard before the fall of the wall were also left. The thing is that pedestrian traffic lights with a standard image of a man were used in Germany. In the GDR, on the other hand, traffic lights depicting a man in a hat were used. It was this man who remained at the traffic lights in the eastern part of the city, and moreover, is a kind of symbol of the former part of the GDR.
There is always a lot of graffiti here. But not all of them are beautiful, and some are inflicted illegally. Because of this, the city administration spends about 35 million euros annually to clean the walls of graffiti. But, this does not stop local artists and fresco paintings decorate the streets of Berlin again. In Europe, this city is even tacitly called the capital of street art.
Shawarma is not Turkish, but, according to legend, a Berlin dish. The German capital has more than 1,600 shawarma food stalls, which is even more than in Istanbul. Many who have visited Berlin even say that the most delicious shawarma in the world is prepared there. In addition to shawarma, doner kebab is very popular there, which is considered the king of German street food.
Thanks to the many different nationalities living in Berlin, Standard German has changed words and idioms from other cultures. Thus, the Berlin dialect was born, which has become an integral part of everyday life in the city. This dialect is widespread not only in the capital of the state, but also in the vicinity of Brandenburg.
The Charité University Medical Center is located here. This clinic has been treating patients for over 300 years. When Prussia faced the spread of the bubonic plague in 1710, King Frederick I ordered the construction of a plague infirmary and named it Charite (translated from French as “love for one’s neighbor”).
This clinic is currently one of the largest in Europe.
Man-made mountain “Devil’s Mountain” Teufelsberg, located in the administrative district of Grunewald, keeps a secret. In cities destroyed by war, you can often find man-made hills of their debris after hostilities. But the 120-meter Teufelsberg mountain is a special case. The fact is that under it is an unfinished military academy, which began to be erected in 1937, but was never completed.
After World War II, this mountain was used by United States intelligence to listen to radio traffic in the Eastern Bloc. Later, trees were planted there and the mountain turned into a recreation area. In 2018, Mount Teufelsberg was included in the list of historical monuments of the capital.
The Brandenburg Gate is the main symbol of the capital and the only surviving gate in the city. Earlier this gate was plundered by Napoleon.
Imitating the entrance gate to the Athenian Acropolis, a goddess in a chariot drawn by four horses, also called a quadriga, stands at the gate in Berlin. When Berlin was the capital of the Prussian Empire (from 1701 to 1918), the city was taken by French troops in 1806. Then Napoleon, passing through the gate, ordered to disassemble the quadriga and ship it straight to Paris, as a sign of victory over Prussia. But after the defeat of the Emperor of France, the chariot was returned back to Berlin in 1814.
There are a lot of bridges here. There are even more of them here than in the famous lagoon city of Venice. There are 1,700 bridges in the German capital. The most famous and beautiful is the Oberbaumbrücke double-deck bridge, which connects the districts of Kreuzberg and Friedrichshain.
It houses the East Side Gallery, the longest open-air art gallery in the world. Its length is 1316 meters. This gallery is also the longest surviving section of the Berlin Wall. In 1990, 118 artists from 21 countries painted a section of the wall, having painted 106 paintings there. The most popular mural on the East Side is the Brotherly Kiss, which depicts former head of the Soviet Union Leonid Brezhnev and former GDR leader Erich Honecker. That’s all, dear readers. Thank you for your attention to our Internet resource.