Welcome to our website, our dear readers. Avocado is one of the most controversial fruits around. Someone says that this is a delicious delicacy and very healthy food for the human body, others note that this is a tasteless fruit, the use of which does not bring any pleasure.
But in any case – avocado, it is a very interesting and quite healthy fruit. And in today’s article, we have prepared some interesting facts about this fruit for you.
They contain a lot of potassium. They contain even more potassium than the famous bananas. 100 grams of bananas contain about 348 mg of potassium. 100 grams of avocado contains about 485 mg of potassium.
The largest avocado producer is Mexico. It accounts for almost 40% of all their world exports. This is not surprising, since it is believed that this fruit first appeared on the territory of this country. The tropical Mexican climate is ideal for trees, allowing for good harvests.
The Spaniards were the first Europeans to taste avocados. In the 16th century, Spanish explorers landed in Mexico and were the first to sample the new green fruits by plucking them from an evergreen plant. It is also believed that the Spaniards were responsible for the introduction of the Perseus American tree (avocado grows on this tree) in some parts of South America.
This fruit has a lot of aliases. When avocado first went on sale in the United States of America, it was sold under the name “alligator pear”. In the UK, the M&S supermarket began selling these fruits back in 1968. There they were sold under the name “avocado pear”, which caused some confusion among buyers. In France it is called “avocat” which means “lawyer” and in some parts of India it is called “creamy fruit”.
We have already said that it is rich in potassium. But besides potassium, it contains a number of other nutrients. As for a fruit, it has a very high protein content – 2 grams, carbohydrates – 1.8 grams, fats – 14.7 grams (per 100 grams). It is also rich in vitamins A, C and E.
This is just a great product for strengthening the human immune system. American scientists from the National Cancer Institute found that avocados contain 19 milligrams of glutathione. Glutathione is an antioxidant and detoxifier for the body. It is an important helper of the immune system in fighting infections and preventing the development of cancer.
In the same way that corn husks are used to wrap tamales (a popular Mexican breakfast), avocado leaves are used in Mexican cuisine to wrap meat and other foods before grilling.
As we noted earlier, these fruits grow on the American Perseus tree. It is an evergreen tree that can live up to 400 years and grow up to 20 meters in height.
Like many other fruits, it contains a large amount of water. Avocados contain about 73% water.
Today, about 1000 varieties of this fruit are known. All of them differ in different characteristics of plants, tolerated climatic conditions, quality of fruits, etc. Nevertheless, if we talk about store shelves, it is the Hass variety that is most often found there. It is the most famous and popular variety all over the world. The variety is named after amateur gardener Rudolf Hass, who bred the variety in his California garden and patented it in 1935.
We are all used to the fact that avocados are pear-shaped. But as we noted earlier, there are different varieties. Therefore, the fruits can be both pear-shaped and ovoid or even spherical. Their skins can vary in texture and color. It can be both thinner and almost woody. Also, it can be green, red and even black.
Like bananas, its fruits are harvested while still green. This is necessary so that they begin to ripen during transportation, before they reach the counter of stores located thousands of kilometers from the place of collection.
To speed up the ripening of an avocado, just put apples or bananas next to it, which emit ethylene.
The oldest evidence of the use of this fruit was found in Coxcatlan Cave, located in Tehuacan, Puebla, Mexico. The evidence dates back to around 10,000 BC.
According to the Guinness Book of Records, the heaviest avocado in the world is a fruit grown by Venezuelan Gabriel Ramirez Nahim on January 28, 2009. This fruit was huge and weighed as much as 2.19 kg.
It contains the fungicidal toxin persin, which is absolutely harmless to humans, but poisonous to many other animals. In particular, it is poisonous to birds, rabbits, cows, goats, pigs, horses, sheep, fish.
Previously, when there were no effective means against rodents, people prepared a poison based on the seeds of this fruit. They were crushed and mixed with food (bread, cheese, etc.) and placed in the holes of mice.
Each fruit is harvested by hand. Workers and water are the main cost drivers for avocado production. And at the same time, specially trained people are needed for training. The American Perseus tree is very tall, so to collect all the fruits, you need to use a special pole with “scissors” and a bag at the end. The picker first places the fruit in a bag and then cuts off the stem that holds it to the tree.
Modern scientists call avocados “evolutionary anarchism.” Logically, this tree should not exist in our time, but it does exist. The thing is that earlier its seeds were spread by large animals, which could swallow the fruit whole and transfer its bone to some distance. When such animals became extinct, the plant faced the threat of complete extinction. But the plant resisted and was able to survive even when the animals responsible for spreading its seeds disappeared.
That’s all for us, dear readers. Thank you for your attention to our website.