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Apr 25, 2022
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Interesting facts about Athens

Athens

Welcome to our website Interessno.ru. Athens is the largest city in Greece and also its capital. When this city was built is not known for certain, but it is known that it has been constantly inhabited since 5000 BC. Today, Athens is considered one of the oldest cities not only in Europe, but throughout the world.

And today we decided to take a closer look at this magnificent city. In the article we have collected the most interesting facts about Athens.

#1

Whereas most of the world’s countries entered the path of democracy only a few centuries ago, Greece was ahead of them by several steps. Around 500 BC, the Athenians began to choose their leaders by voting. In other countries and cities at that time, the people were not asked anything.

#2

The climate in Athens is favorable: frosts are very rare (the minimum temperature reaches only 0 degrees Celsius), snow rarely falls, and summers, although hot (maximum temperature 37 degrees Celsius), often blow fresh northeast winds. The nights are cool. The urban climate allows for active recreation all year round and has had a significant impact on both the architectural style and the culture of the people.

No. 3

Legends say that Athena and Poseidon, the god of the sea, fought over who would become the patron of this city. Each of the gods offered the city a gift, and people chose the best among these gifts. According to different versions of the legend, Poseidon offered people horses or water. But in all versions, Athena wins, which offered her citizens an olive tree. It was in honor of this goddess that the city was named.

#4

Athens

In 776 BC, the first ever Olympic Games were held in the Peloponnese. Meanwhile, it is worth noting that in Athens, starting from 566 BC, their own games began to be held, which were called the Panathenaic Games. These were the largest religious and political festivities in ancient Athens, held in honor of the patroness of the city, the goddess Athena.

However, if we talk about the modern Olympic Games, they were first held just in Athens. In 1894, the International Olympic Committee met in Paris and decided to revive the long tradition of the Olympic Games. It was also decided that the first Olympic Games will be held in Athens. This event took place in 1896.

#5

The word “marathon” is a Greek word meaning a long race. According to one version, the term was coined by a Greek warrior named Pheidippides in Athens in 490 BC when he ran the long distance from Marathon to Athens to convey the news that they had defeated the Persians. He ran into the city and said: “Rejoice, Athenians, we have won!” After he uttered these words, he fell and died. However, this legend is not supported by any documentary sources. According to Herodotus, Pheidippides was a messenger who was unsuccessfully sent for reinforcements from Athens to Sparta and who in less than two days was able to cover a distance of 230 km.

#6

There are at least 148 theater venues in this city. This is even more than on the famous Broadway. Such a large number of theater venues is due to the love of the Greeks for literature, as well as for the theater. And these traditions have not been violated for many centuries.

#7

Here is the famous Acropolis. It is an ancient “small city” on top of a rocky hill overlooking the city. Here are the remains of some of the greatest architectural monuments such as the Parthenon. Throughout history, the Acropolis has been used as an armory, a church, a mosque and an army barracks.

#8

The Athenians went through a full circle of government during the many thousands of years of their residence in Greece. There was democracy, and communism, and monarchy and socialism.

#9

Here is one of the largest botanical gardens open to the public. This is the famous Botanical Garden of Diomedes. Its construction began in 1952, and the full landscaping was completed in 1975. Its area is 150 hectares (currently the largest garden in the Mediterranean) and on its territory you can find trees and shrubs from all over the world. This garden is perfect for having a picnic on the grass or on tables in the garden.

#10

Until 2003, sidewalks in Athens were very slippery. The fact is that they were made of very slippery marble tiles and when it rained, they became like ice. Dora Bakoyannis, the first female mayor of Athens, decided to fix this problem. In 2003, she replaced the slippery marble. It was also a nice upgrade ahead of the 2004 Summer Olympics in Athens.

#11

Athens

Athens has not always been the capital of Greece. The reason is that Ancient Greece was not a country. It was a collection of independent city-states. They had a common cultural, religious and linguistic heritage, but they were governed independently of each other. In the following centuries, the territory of Greece was occupied and ruled by the Romans, Venetians and Ottomans. After the Greek War of Independence, Athens was finally declared the capital of Greece on September 18, 1834.

#12

As we noted earlier, the Greek city-states were independent, and although they often formed alliances against invaders such as the Persians, they also fought against each other. As the two most powerful city-states, Athens and Sparta were often in military conflict. The best example of this is the Peloponnesian War, which lasted from 431 to 404 BC. Sparta won this war.

#13

Athens recorded the highest temperature in Europe – as much as 48 degrees Celsius. This temperature was recorded in 1977.

#14

The Athenians are very fond of fish. This eating habit dates back to the time of ancient Athens. And today, Athenians are happy to buy a variety of fish in the central market of the city of Varvakios in order to cook their favorite dish at home.

That’s all for us, dear readers. Thank you for paying attention to our Internet resource.

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