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Jun 4, 2022
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Insect bites: help, possible consequences and how to protect yourself from a bite?

Insect bites: help, possible consequences and how to protect yourself from a bite?Insect bites: help, possible consequences and how to protect yourself

In the summer, along with the sun and light, insidious insects are activated. The problem is relevant for residents of both metropolitan areas and suburbs. Some species can be especially dangerous, because they are carriers of dangerous viruses and infections. However, already toxic substances cause allergies, irritation, redness of the skin, pain and itching. Fortunately, modern means allow you to enjoy nature and not endure discomfort.

Types of insects that can bite a person

Globally, 2 categories can be distinguished:

  1. Blood-sucking insects (mosquitoes, bedbugs, fleas, flies, wasps, some types of ants and moths). Of course, annoying female mosquitoes are the most common option.
  2. Stinging insects (bees, wasps, bumblebees, ants and hornets).

When bitten, a mosquito injects substances that promote blood clotting and anesthetized, so at the time of the bite, the victim does not feel anything. After a few tens of seconds, the body recognizes the received allergens, and an immediate immune response begins, called culicidosis. The affected area is red, swollen and itchy. In especially severe cases, redness and rash appear as a local allergic reaction. With severe intoxication, weakness, headache, nausea and fever are possible, lasting several days.

The stings of stinging insects are very painful and, to some extent, carry more danger. In addition to the standard rash and swelling, nausea, fever, dizziness, and urticaria may occur. In rare cases, the bitten person goes into anaphylactic shock.

How to prevent a bite

  1. First of all, at risk are those who like to let fresh air into the room, which is really very pleasant in summer. Mosquito nets for windows and doors are the best helpers at home and in the country.
  2. Closed clothing will protect in the evening.
  3. For the body, you can use special liquids with or without a smell. On the street, a picnic will be saved by special aerosols, rods and spirals, lanterns, and compact protection systems. For the home, manufacturers offer network devices that fill with liquids and plates.
Insect bites: help, possible consequences and how to protect yourself

First aid

With a normal bite, regardless of the type of insect, the affected area must be washed with soap or disinfected with alcohol or an antiseptic. An antihistamine will reduce itching, but in the absence of it in the medicine cabinet, you can make a compress from soda or peroxide. A steroid cream will help heal faster. When a tick penetrates under the skin, an attached cotton pad, abundantly dipped in oil, will help. After some time, the unwanted guest will fall off on its own, or it can be pulled out slightly, but without diligence, otherwise part of the bream may remain under the skin.

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