On September 1, 1939, the Second World War began - a war that claimed the lives of tens of millions of people, a war that somehow affected the vast majority of the world's population. For almost seven years, the Third Reich, like a devilishly debugged mechanism, tormented humanity - it seized, robbed, destroyed. For almost seven years, the multimillion-dollar army of Germany was regularly supplied with equipment, ammunition, and food. Who raised this world monster and ensured its functioning? Recall antiheroes - industrial corporations that collaborated with the Third Reich and profited from the war.
Krupp Corporation has traditionally earned maximum profit in serving the needs of the army. During the Second World War, the Krupp factories in Germany became the main executor of military orders of the Nazi army, producing artillery pieces, tanks, self-propelled guns (self-propelled artillery mounts), trucks and other military equipment.
In 1940, Hitler personally awarded the head of the arms corporation Gustav Krupp the Order of the Eagle of the German Empire with the inscription "Fuhrer of the German economy."
According to the results of the Yalta and Postdam conferences, the corporation was subject to destruction, and the head of the concern (at that time Alfrid Krupp) was sentenced to 12 years in prison with confiscation of property. However, in the early fifties, Kruppa was returned and freedom, and confiscated property. In the 70s, the group's staff reached 100 thousand people. Currently, Krupp, combined with the German giant Thyssen AG, is the largest steel producer in the world.
It is unlikely that anyone will think about the history of the company, sprinkling on themselves the perfumes of Hugo Boss. But it was Hugo who developed the uniform for the Wehrmacht and the SS. It was this company that produced the uniform for the German armed forces, attack aircraft, SS men and the Hitler-Jugend youth organization.
Prisoners of war and slaves from Eastern Europe were involved in the work at the company's factories. After the war, Hugo Boss was recognized as an accomplice of Hitler (having remained at large), and a fine of 80 thousand marks was exacted from his enterprise. Until the end of the 20th century, the corporation was owned by the descendants of Hugo.
The largest chemical and pharmaceutical company is known for inventing aspirin and heroin. During the Second World War, as part of a conglomerate of German enterprises IG Farben, produced (including) a mixture which was poisoned by prisoners of concentration camps in gas chambers - Cyclone B.
Widely used in the production of labor of prisoners of war and slaves from Eastern Europe. Experts on the use of new drugs, often fatal, were conducted on prisoners from concentration camps.
The head of the company, Fritz ter Meer, was sentenced by the Nuremberg Tribunal to 7 years in prison and ... became head of the Bayer Supervisory Board in 1956.
During the war, the concern (Bavarian Motor Works) produced aircraft engines for German aviation (Luftwaffe) and military equipment. This company developed and launched the first jet aircraft engine. At the company's factories, the labor of forced unskilled workers was widely used - there were 30 thousand prisoners of war, driven slaves and prisoners of concentration camps.