If you have long come out of the tender age of puberty, and acne still does not leave you, it means that your body is "signaling" about some problems. Which, most likely, will not pass by themselves.
Acne (aka acne and acne) is the most common skin condition. According to research, about 85% of women and 15% of men receive this "hello from youth" in adulthood. The number of people who suffer from acne is steadily increasing.
Acne can be small pustules, sometimes with black and white dots. More severe cases of acne are accompanied by red papules, redness, and sometimes swelling. Separately, it is worth highlighting rosacea - a type of acne that occurs only in adults and is a small acne that merges into pink and reddish spots on the face.
Acne in adults is almost always caused by inflammation and blockage of the pores, which occurs for several reasons:
This is the most common cause of acne, especially in women. The increased level of male sex hormones (testosterone and androstenedione) causes the acid-base balance of the skin, circulatory disorders and excessive sebum production. Pimples caused by hormonal imbalance tend to be deeper and cyst-like, often painful.
Hormonal imbalances can occur in both men and women, but the fair sex has many more reasons for this. Acne can appear against the background of menstrual irregularities, pregnancy, postpartum period, breastfeeding, ovarian disease.
Reaction to a strong stimulus
If you have dry and sensitive skin, you will probably struggle with redness and flaking from the slightest irritation all your life. But even the happy owners of normal, even skin can face acne due to harsh detergents or a dull razor.
All diseases are from nerves, and this is not a figure of speech. Stress triggers biological changes in the body, which can affect the condition of our skin. When you experience anxiety, excitement, or fear, the adrenal glands begin to release more cortisol, a stress hormone that can disrupt the acid-base balance of the skin. Constant worries are likely to show on your face.
Constant physical stress
This, of course, is not about training in the gym. Physical stress caused by extreme weather, lack of sleep, dehydration, and certain medical conditions (such as allergies and migraines) can weaken the immune system and trigger inflammation.
Some studies show that smokers are more likely to have skin problems than those who do not.
Poor skin hygiene
If there is an excess of propionibacterium acnes bacteria on the skin, acne may appear on the face. But this only happens if you do not take good care of your skin. This is especially true for men, who often believe that regular washing with cosmetics is an occupation unworthy of a gentleman. This is far from the case, and you can easily choose the right cleanser - many cosmetic brands produce men's care lines.
In the scientific community, there is still no consensus on the relationship between nutrition and acne. However, there is evidence that excessive consumption of foods high in refined (refined) carbohydrates can cause skin problems. These include:
- breads, crackers, cornflakes, desserts, and white flour pastries
- white flour paste;
- white rice and rice noodles;
- carbonated and other sugar-containing drinks.
In any case, it is advisable to reduce these foods in your diet, they do more harm than good.
Taking certain medications
It is known that some groups of drugs can negatively affect the skin: corticosteroids, antidepressants, drugs for the treatment of epilepsy. Skin problems can also be provided by birth control pills, and this usually means that they are not right for you. Be sure to consult with your doctor, most likely, he will prescribe other oral contraceptives that are necessary for you.
How to get rid of acne?
First, do not try to squeeze them out, as in your youth. Even at a tender age, these manipulations caused small scars and uneven skin, and now you run the risk of getting deep scars that will have to get rid of with the help of expensive laser therapy.
If you have mild acne, you can try getting rid of it at home with topical remedies:
- aloe vera juice or gel containing it;
- products containing green tea extract
- tea tree oil
- zinc cream (keep in mind that it dries the skin!)
But it's best not to self-medicate at all, especially when you can't figure out on your own what caused acne. Be sure to see a dermatologist. Women will likely need to consult a gynecologist to rule out hormone problems. Doctors may prescribe hormones or antibiotics.