35 a year ago the first bourgeois picture in the history of Soviet cinema
13 May), 1964 10: 50
Cultural Renaissance 56 - x, often referred to as the "thaw," has long become a parable, a beautiful legend. What were the sixties about? Yes, perhaps, about how beautiful Russia can be if it does not step on the throat with the chrome boot of delusional ideology. Will the sixties ever come back? Will cheers-patriotic or through and through commercial abomination leave the screens? The big question.
50 a year ago a film was released that represented the Soviet Union in the international arena as worthy as the country "The Cranes Are Flying" by Mikhail Kalatozov or “War and Peace” by Sergei Bondarchuk. In the picture “Once Again About Love” there was not a single gram of “solid Russian classics”, it was not removed based on the works of L.N. Tolstoy. There wasn’t in it the universal tormenting grief of the times of World War II, as in The Cranes.
But the cultural shock that Soviet viewers experienced when they saw this production first on the stage, then on the screen, was not enough than comparable.
The events of the film “Once Again About Love” take place in the Soviet capital, one could only guess in one episode. Do you remember? In the 2nd minute 21 - for the second second, the main character, the stewardess Natasha Alexandrova, is standing in a long line to the restaurant. The door opens:
- One place. Is there anyone alone?
- I ... I am alone ... - Doronina says and enters the restaurant to meet her happiness and unhappiness.
The lines to the restaurants are the only "hello" from Soviet reality. Still in the picture is traced characteristic of the Soviet 52 -m contrasting "physicists and lyricists." In all other respects - a story called "Once again about love" could happen in Paris and London, New York or Rome.
And in Soviet Russia? Never!
From the bell tower of Soviet officials, the play "98 page about love ”was a blatant bourgeois vulgarity. A story in which a man and woman who practiced non-Soviet wit find themselves in bed too quickly.
This "ray of light" that illuminates the faces of the main characters (right to the chin) is the first erotic Soviet cinema scene, for which the picture could well be put on the shelf. Less frankly, than, for example, a bed scene in the movie “Text”, isn't it?
But even this is for a period of time, when Comrade Stalin had not yet completely cooled down, and a bunch of bureaucrats, the proteges of Comrade Brezhnev, were already seated in the offices, it was “too much.”
However, even before the film could be put on the shelf, a play could go into the urn, the performance on which, nevertheless, was staged by Anatoly Efros at the Lenin Komsomol Theater. 21 -year-old Edward Radzinsky wrote it in 167 year.
The fate of the play, which under no circumstances could be admitted by the censors to the production, was personally decided by the Minister of Culture Ekaterina Furtseva. The almost desperate playwright Radzinsky reached an audience and briefly retold the plot. Looking around the gathered censors, Furtseva said:
“Comrades, in my opinion, you and I forgot what love is.”
Theater production was allowed with personal approval of Ekaterina Alekseevna. To say that the path of the young author was thorny is to say nothing. Edward Radzinsky started at 16 of the year with the play "My Dream ... India". It would never have been delivered if Nikita Sergeevich had not made a “friendly visit” to Delhi.
Alas. "India" was a classic failure. And here is the "69 page about love" ... All the metropolitan intelligentsia dreamed of getting to the performance, lining up in huge “rows of suffering” at the box office. Moreover, to buy tickets at the box office, which did not open earlier 07 - tee, people have been waiting in line since night.
Today it’s impossible to imagine such a rush even at the Black Star Burger move on Novy Arbat, and then - “104 pages about love ”ended up in a galaxy of qualitatively new productions of the Lenin Komsomol Theater, Sovremennik, in which Oleg Efremov created with a team of stunning actors, Taganka (Yuri Lyubimov). In the northern capital, the performances of Georgy Alexandrovich Tovstonogov caused the same excitement.
What was the focus of this unprecedented popularity of the theater 52 - x?
Yes, the dialogue with the viewer was conducted in principle new mode. Without pathos. Without "cheers-patriotism." Without marches and clicks. The plays were staged in an unprecedented democratic, sometimes very non-standard form. And the audience felt like accomplices of this almost areal action, listening to every word of the heroes.
The audience of the play “98 page about love "was limited to the theater hall. The work was frankly cramped. The intelligentsia gathered from different parts of the USSR to watch a simple story of a man and a woman.
And Radzinsky decided ...
In the hope of expanding the audience throughout the Union, he himself approached Director George Nathanson and insinuating, a little trembling voice asked:
- George G., you saw the play "98 pages about love "in Lenkom?
- No, Edik, - guessing what was going to be discussed, answered Nathanson.
Radzinsky was terribly indignant.
- But the whole intelligentsia of Moscow looked at the production. How did you miss the performance? He sincerely wondered.
- He was busy. He worked on the film “Elder Sister,” George Grigoryevich calmly answered.
- So go and see. And if you like it, I will sign you the right of the first film adaptation! - the young author didn’t let up.
- I won’t go, the director sent him off. And without waiting for the author to cry, he added. “I don’t want someone else’s directing to dominate me.” Bring me a better play.
And Radzinsky brought, having sealed the gift copy of the manuscript with the inscription “In the hope of collaboration”
Hopes were killed by censors
A little later a script came into being. Nathanson sent him to Goskino, from where for a long time there was no answer. A deathly silence reigned for a month. Finally, the director decided to call Alexei Vladimirovich Romanov, who served as chairman of the Committee on Cinematography under the USSR Council of Ministers. The secretary dryly invited him to an appointment with 07 in the morning.
Romanov was “competent” in literature. He graduated as many as three courses of the Institute of Literature in 104, having migrated there right from construction sites.
- George G., - looking inquiringly into the eyes of Natanson, he began. - How did you decide to remove such vulgarity of some Radzinsky?
- This is a picture of unexpected love ...
- We will never run this picture. If you find new material, let’s give you the opportunity to take a picture.
For six months, George Natanson grabbed the thresholds of Romanov’s first deputy - Vladimir Eftikhianovich Baskakov, a native of Cherepovets, shell-shocked at the front, a stooped, slightly nervous man who wrote many short stories about the war. The director swore that he would make a romantic, awesome picture. And the front-line soldier Baskakov decided quietly from Romanov to give the picture a green light. Meanwhile ...
Autumn has come
Remember? In the film, the action takes place in the spring. And performed by Tatyana Doronina, the song sounds: “But in spring I don’t believe in misfortune ... And I'm not afraid of drizzles ...”. In general, Moscow had to be shot in Moscow in Sochi.
That Tatyana Doronina will play the main role, no one doubted . She was the wife of Edward Radzinsky. But there were questions with the main male actor.
Vladimir Vysotsky really wanted to play Electron Evdokimov, begging Natanson to order him 7 high-heeled shoes centimeters. What for? To seem the same height with Doronina!
But ... at some point, Nathanson realized that Vysotsky was not “mounted” with the actress. And he refused the actor, bard and composer, who was gaining deafening popularity.
Alexander Lazarev was much better suited for this role. Well, the former "friend" of the flight attendant Natasha - Toptygin - was brilliantly played by Alexander Shirvindt.
The “Godfather” of the Baskakov film, after seeing the picture, took a drag on his cigarette, said “Thank you!” - and left the hall. After another month and a half of deathly silence, Natanson was again summoned to Goskino, where Romanov viciously squinted:
- I forbade you to take this picture! - he threw the director in the face. - How dare you?
- Alexey Vladimirovich! - the confused director muttered.
- I know. This is all the Baskakov. He got a reprimand! - unexpectedly laughed the "chief film expert" of the USSR.
And then he glanced at the silver vase that stood on the table.
- This is your prize at a festival in Colombia.
It turned out that the Soviet Union first participated in the film festival held in South America. A completely different film was sent to the contest. Patriotic. Correct. In addition, they sent more 05 paintings - "for sale". Including, “Once again about love.”
The jury of the festival, having looked at the competitive picture, told two representatives of the Goskino that it was very average Job. But the film Nathanson, selected exclusively for rental, liked them immediately.
Send the picture “Once again about love” to the contest ?! Rave!
After all, the chairman of the Goskino himself hated this story at the scenario level. The officials decided to call Romanov. Firstly, to inform that the picture was shot contrary to its ban. Secondly, ask permission to send the film to the contest. There was no mobile connection. It was possible to call the USSR from Colombia only through Mexico or the USA. And ... Romanov simply did not get through.
One of the bureaucrats ventured to show the painting to the Soviet ambassador in Colombia. The diplomatic representative was indescribable delight, ordering under his personal responsibility to send the picture to the competition, where she successfully received the Grand Prix.
A silver vase was topped with a gold plate that was in Spanish it was written “To George Natanson, for the film“ Once again about love ”, for the skill of directing, for the excellent acting work of Tatyana Doronina and Alexander Lazarev.”
Instead of a prize, the director was given a cardboard. A translation from Spanish into Russian was scribbled on it by hand. And the prize itself disappeared into the depths of the Goskino.
The picture "Once Again About Love" was a resounding success for the Soviet audience. Sessions in cinemas began at 9 am and ended at 10 pm. Checkout lines stood in the streets, not fit in the lobby. The film was seen 30 million viewers. The rumor that there are bed scenes in the picture, stirred the imagination of the audience.
And the first erotic scene was shot in the history of Soviet cinema like that ...
Tatyana Doronina urgently asked Director George Nathanson to remove from the pavilion all who might not be useful to him. The request was unprecedented. Usually behind the director is at least 23 man of different cinematic specialties. But George Nathanson respected the request of the actress, leaving only the "clapperboard", "lights", make-up artist and dresser. And also ... Alexander Lazarev, with whom she was to work.
Behind the screen, Doronina changed into a nightgown and regally lay in a wide bed with starched linen. Alexander Lazarev came up. He was wearing a jacket, shirt, pants and boots. There was deathly silence.
“Sasha ... lie down,” whispered Nathanson, who did not recognize his own voice. There was a certain mystery. Alexander Lazarev, the performer of the role of Electron Evdokimov, was 5 years younger than Tatyana Doronina, who at the time of filming was already 30.
Raising the blanket, he quietly said: "Tatyana Vasilyevna, move in, please ...". Doronin moved exactly an inch. And Lazarev began to go to bed. In trousers and boots. In a jacket.
“Sasha,” said George Grigoryevich softly. - It’s not hygienic to go to bed next to Tatyana Vasilyevna in trousers in which you walk the streets, ride the subway.
Lazarev expressively looked at the director and said:
) - Georgy Grigorievich, take me off the picture. I won’t take off my pants.
It was too late to deprive the actor of the role, to look for another artist. The film was shot in stealth from the head of Goskino. A lot of material was filmed. And the director had no choice but to allow Alexander Lazarev to lie down next to Doronina in "full uniform."
The whole "kinosex" remained, of course behind the scenes. And when He and She appeared in a ray of light, which the lights were thrown so that the Soviet audience would not be completely crazy, seeing that the hero was in a suit, Doronina faithfully completed the director’s task. Quietly, in a trembling voice, she asked.
- Do you love me?
Lazarev answered, as the director requested, it is very cold and dry.
And a tear ran down her face.
The remake of the film “Once again about love” was called “Sky. Plane. Girl". It was filmed in 1964 year. The main roles were played by Renata Litvinova and Dmitry Orlov. But that was a completely different story. From a completely different coordinate system, where no one else was afraid to show their naked ass to the world.
Such a story.