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Sep 19, 2022
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How to quickly overcome a cold without drugs: remember these recommendations

How to quickly overcome a cold without drugs: remember these recommendations

A cold can put almost anyone to bed at least once a season. The most common cause of colds is damp and cold weather. We cannot influence the weather, but a person can quickly cope with a cold, writes RBC-Ukraine.

How to recover quickly, as well as cope with a cold without medication, said the doctor of the highest category Natalya Bodnaryuk.

Cold symptoms

Usually, cold symptoms appear 1-3 days after being infected with the virus that causes the common cold. Each person has an incubation period and symptoms may vary, but the main signs look like this:

  • Runny or stuffy nose
  • Sore throat
  • Cough
  • sneezing
  • Watery eyes
  • Increased body temperature
  • Pressure in ears and face
  • Loss of smell and taste
  • General malaise

Nasal discharge may be clear at first and then become thicker and yellowish or green as the cold wears off.

This usually indicates that a bacterial infection has developed. Similar symptoms also occur with COVID-19.

How to treat a cold

The common cold is a viral infection of the upper respiratory tract. And there is no specific cure for the common cold. Most colds go away without treatment in a week to 10 days. To speed up recovery, treat the symptoms of the infection.

All treatment is divided into the following categories: over-the-counter drugs, home remedies and traditional medicine.

Of the drugs prescribed:

  1. vasoconstrictor drugs that relieve nasal congestion
  2. antihistamines – they help overcome sneezing and relieve the symptoms of a runny nose
  3. pain relievers and antipyretics – non-steroidal drugs that can relieve body pain, inflammation, and fever symptoms

Sometimes a combination of all these drugs is used to treat a cold. But before using, be sure to read the instructions.

How to treat a cold at home

  • Complete rest. Sleeping at least 8 hours a day – this helps the body recover faster, activate internal reserves and work more actively with the immune system.
  • Proper nutrition. Give preference to food that is good for recovery. The diet must be balanced. Eat more vegetables and fruits. And preferably in small portions.
  • Quit smoking. When smoking, the period of a cold can be longer, as tobacco irritates the respiratory system and increases the risk of developing lung infections.
  • Lots of liquid. When you have a cold, you need to drink as much as possible – water, herbal teas, especially those drinks that reduce sore throat, prevent dehydration, reduce the risk of ear and lung infections, and help reduce the amount of nasal mucus.
  • Salt solutions. When treating a cold at home, gargling with salt water will help to reduce the temperature and reduce the pain in the throat. Dilute half a teaspoon of salt in a glass of water and gargle every two hours. Salt nasal sprays can help relieve nasal congestion and clear your sinuses.
  • Air humidification. Using a humidifier can help relieve sinus irritation. And in order not to inhale bacteria and fungi before using the humidifier, it must be cleaned.
  • Warm baths. A warm bath can relieve mild pain associated with a cold.
  • Vitamin C. Taking vitamin C before and after the onset of symptoms can significantly shorten the duration of the disease. Taking vitamin C may be helpful for people at high risk of contracting colds to boost their immune system.
  • Echinacea. This drug may also be effective in shortening the duration of a cold. But you should definitely consult a doctor, as echinacea can cause allergic reactions.
  • Zinc. Zinc lozenges or syrup shorten the duration of a cold by about one day if taken within 24 to 48 hours of the onset of cold symptoms.
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