A cold can put almost anyone to bed at least once a season. The most common cause of colds is damp and cold weather. We cannot influence the weather, but a person can quickly cope with a cold, writes RBC-Ukraine.
How to recover quickly, as well as cope with a cold without medication, said the doctor of the highest category Natalya Bodnaryuk.
Usually, cold symptoms appear 1-3 days after being infected with the virus that causes the common cold. Each person has an incubation period and symptoms may vary, but the main signs look like this:
- Runny or stuffy nose
- Sore throat
- Watery eyes
- Increased body temperature
- Pressure in ears and face
- Loss of smell and taste
- General malaise
Nasal discharge may be clear at first and then become thicker and yellowish or green as the cold wears off.
This usually indicates that a bacterial infection has developed. Similar symptoms also occur with COVID-19.
How to treat a cold
The common cold is a viral infection of the upper respiratory tract. And there is no specific cure for the common cold. Most colds go away without treatment in a week to 10 days. To speed up recovery, treat the symptoms of the infection.
All treatment is divided into the following categories: over-the-counter drugs, home remedies and traditional medicine.
Of the drugs prescribed:
- vasoconstrictor drugs that relieve nasal congestion
- antihistamines – they help overcome sneezing and relieve the symptoms of a runny nose
- pain relievers and antipyretics – non-steroidal drugs that can relieve body pain, inflammation, and fever symptoms
Sometimes a combination of all these drugs is used to treat a cold. But before using, be sure to read the instructions.
How to treat a cold at home
- Complete rest. Sleeping at least 8 hours a day – this helps the body recover faster, activate internal reserves and work more actively with the immune system.
- Proper nutrition. Give preference to food that is good for recovery. The diet must be balanced. Eat more vegetables and fruits. And preferably in small portions.
- Quit smoking. When smoking, the period of a cold can be longer, as tobacco irritates the respiratory system and increases the risk of developing lung infections.
- Lots of liquid. When you have a cold, you need to drink as much as possible – water, herbal teas, especially those drinks that reduce sore throat, prevent dehydration, reduce the risk of ear and lung infections, and help reduce the amount of nasal mucus.
- Salt solutions. When treating a cold at home, gargling with salt water will help to reduce the temperature and reduce the pain in the throat. Dilute half a teaspoon of salt in a glass of water and gargle every two hours. Salt nasal sprays can help relieve nasal congestion and clear your sinuses.
- Air humidification. Using a humidifier can help relieve sinus irritation. And in order not to inhale bacteria and fungi before using the humidifier, it must be cleaned.
- Warm baths. A warm bath can relieve mild pain associated with a cold.
- Vitamin C. Taking vitamin C before and after the onset of symptoms can significantly shorten the duration of the disease. Taking vitamin C may be helpful for people at high risk of contracting colds to boost their immune system.
- Echinacea. This drug may also be effective in shortening the duration of a cold. But you should definitely consult a doctor, as echinacea can cause allergic reactions.
- Zinc. Zinc lozenges or syrup shorten the duration of a cold by about one day if taken within 24 to 48 hours of the onset of cold symptoms.