May 2, 2022
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How to organize the transportation of building materials

How to organize the transportation of building materialstransportation of building materials

Transportation of building materials in 80% of cases is carried out by road. Most often, the delivery of building materials is carried out from the place of their production (plant or factory) to wholesale warehouses or directly to the customer at the construction site or another place.

What are construction materials

According to the form of delivery, it is customary to distinguish nine types of building materials:

  • Powder – gypsum, lime or chalk powders and cement.
  • Soft – a mixture of concrete, clay, building plastic masses from different components or mortar.
  • Loose – crushed stone, sand (including quartz), soil and gravel of various rocks.
  • Liquid – fuels and lubricants, solvents and other technical fluids.
  • Small piece – small blocks, bricks, natural or artificial stone, ceramic tiles, asphalt slabs, tanks and cans with paints and varnishes.
  • Piece – blocks or slabs as blanks for doors and windows, reinforced concrete slabs or panels.
  • Overall in length – metal (steel, cast iron) structures of columns, pipes, profiles and timber.
  • Heavy – elements of reinforced concrete structures of large mass, equipment for technological purposes, construction vehicles that must be delivered to the construction site, etc.
  • Oversized – sanitary cabins, blocks or cabins of elevator equipment, containers.

The physical parameters (dimensions, weight and properties) of construction materials determine the approach to their transportation, loading, unloading, as well as warehousing and storage.

How construction materials are transported

Transportation of building materials by transport is often referred to as the concept of delivery, which is considered as a set of activities and includes:

  • loading;
  • fastening or fixation;
  • transportation and forwarding (if necessary);
  • unloading;
  • storage or warehousing.

Depending on the weight and overall dimensions of building materials, they can be transported:

  • General purpose vehicles. This includes flatbed vehicles – without trailers or with trailers (one or two axles), as well as tractors with semi-trailers.
  • specialized platforms. This category includes panel carriers, farm carriers, bulk carriers and plate carriers.

Often, truck tractors with semi-trailers for various purposes are used to deliver building materials, since such transport offers the best combination of cost and quality of transportation.

When choosing road transport, one should take into account its carrying capacity, technical characteristics and cross-country ability on the chosen route.

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