Sep 15, 2022
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How to grow nectarine from seed

How to grow nectarine from seed

Nectarines are propagated mainly by grafting (budding). At the same time, they retain all varietal characteristics.

The best rootstocks for nectarines are peach and common almond. And on heavy waterlogged soils with close (less than 1.5 m) standing groundwater, seedlings of cherry plum or domestic plum can be used as a stock. However, they are not compatible enough with some varieties of nectarines.

In order to grow a nectarine from a stone, it is necessary, if possible, to pay attention to the nectarines growing in your area or in the areas of your neighbors, and see which ones are more stable and productive. Next, you should select the bones of the largest ripened fruits.

Nectarine seeds can be planted in summer, autumn and spring away from mature trees (3-4 m) and the shadow of the house. The landing site should be sheltered from cold winter winds with sufficient sunlight.

In the conditions of the south, in order to grow nectarine from the stone, nectarine seeds without shells can be planted immediately after removing the fruit from the tree. To do this, the seeds are separated from the fruits of nectarine and soaked for at least three days. The water in which the nectarine seeds are located must be changed at least twice a day. After the bones have been soaked in water, they must be dried so that direct sunlight does not fall on them.

Next, the dried nectarine seeds must be opened very carefully so as not to damage the seeds. To do this, the nectarine stone is placed on the edge and carefully, with a few blows of the hammer, it splits.

In order to grow nectarine from seeds, they are planted in a kind of school. To do this, they dig a trench, fill it with fertile, fertilized soil, plant nectarine seeds to a depth of 5–6 cm with a distance of 20–25 cm and water abundantly. They cover well for the winter (sawdust, leaves, grass, etc.).

In order to grow nectarine from a stone, you can also plant them before winter, during the cold period the bones will undergo stratification (keeping) and self-reject. At the same time, nectarine seeds should not be soaked.

In the spring, you need to remove the covering layer, leaving a few centimeters so that the soil does not dry out. From the seed of a nectarine, a root is first formed, and only later a stem is formed. Therefore, the earth needs loose, soft and fertilized.

Water the nectarine seeds daily.

It is advisable to feed the seedlings with diluted humus and sprinkle with special preparations (Ridomil or Thiovit), small nectarines, like peaches, are very painful.

If you decide that you will start growing nectarine from the stone in the spring, and there is a risk of damage to the seeds by rodents, then store the nectarine seeds until December – January indoors, and then stratify. To do this, one part of the nectarine seeds is mixed with three parts of the sawdust substrate, sand or a mixture of sawdust and sand, moistened and placed in a plastic bag or clay pot, placed in a cool room or put in a refrigerator with a temperature of plus 3 – 5 °. During the winter, they are periodically moistened so that they retain a constant moisture. Sprouted nectarine seeds are sown in the ground.

Nectarine seedlings are well looked after and must be watered. Already in the third year, seedlings can bear fruit. At the same time, it should still be remembered that when growing nectarines from a stone, trees with the same fruits from which the stones were taken do not always grow.

Pruning and shaping the nectarine crown. When pruning, a nectarine, like a peach, forms a cup-shaped (vase-shaped) crown that does not have a central conductor. Nectarine is a photophilous plant and this type of crown allows most branches to get better access to light.
The nectarine stem is 40 – 50 cm and usually has 3, less often 4 skeletal branches of the first order, which can be removed from adjacent buds or placed at intervals of 5 – 10 cm from one another

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