It is advisable to start the choice of milk formula by studying the assortment, write down the exact name of the products presented and pay attention to the company and the country of origin. Then you need to consult with a pediatrician, who will make the right decision, taking into account the characteristics of the child.
It is necessary to purchase powdered milk formulas only in specialized stores or baby food departments in grocery stores or pharmacies.
When buying formula milk, you must carefully read the label. On the package, as a rule, just below the name of the mixture, the recommended age of the child is indicated, which corresponds to a certain figure.
So, for children from birth to 12 months or from birth to 6 months, mixtures with the number 1 are intended, and from 6 to 12 months – with the number 2.
Particular attention should be paid to the list of products that are part of the milk formula. Most often they are made on the basis of cow’s milk.
However, if the mixture is medicinal, then its main component, most likely, will not be milk, but soy. In addition, the mixture contains vegetable oils, milk sugar (lactose or other carbohydrates well absorbed by the child’s body – dextrin and maltose).
Sometimes the formula of the infant formula can be enriched with sucrose, starch, mineral and vitamin complex and other useful substances that contribute to the growth and normal development of the child.
Equally important information is provided by the list of essential nutrients (proteins, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins and minerals) and the calorie content. Data are usually given per 100 g of dry mix or 0.1–1 l of liquid product, that is, ready-to-use.
In addition, the label contains a description of the method for preparing the liquid mixture. As a rule, this is a table that indicates the number of tablespoons of dry powder and the volume of boiled water (in ml) for its dilution, depending on the age of the child. The very process of preparing a liquid mixture and the sequence of actions are most often presented in the form of 3-4 simple drawings.
Inside each package there is a measuring spoon, the volume of which can be different – 4, 6, 9 g of powder (sometimes more). This is why you should use the measuring spoon that comes with the particular package to prepare the liquid mixture.
It is not permissible to prepare food by eye or use a measuring spoon from another package, since a mixture that is too diluted or, conversely, too concentrated, can negatively affect the health of the baby.
The last thing to look out for when buying formula milk is the expiration date. In this regard, it is not recommended to purchase milk mixtures in large quantities. It is enough to purchase 1–2 packages first and see how the child’s body will react to a new product.
How to calculate the volume of formula
It goes without saying that there are no uniform standards by which the required volume of milk formula is calculated. When determining this amount, it is imperative to take into account the child’s age, weight, health and appetite, as well as the type of feeding – artificial or mixed.
It is possible to calculate the amount of breast milk substitute only approximately, taking into account that in the first 4–5 months of his life, the child feeds only on adapted formulas, and later, with the introduction of complementary foods into his diet, the amount of formula consumed decreases.
How to make formula milk
First of all, you need to carefully study the label, paying attention to the preparation method and dosage. It is best to prepare the mixture immediately in a bottle, so it is recommended to buy it with a wide neck.
Immediately before preparing the mixture, the bottle, nipple, connecting rings and the lid must be thoroughly washed in hot water with baking soda (1 tsp for 1 liter of water), then rinsed under running water, boil for 5 minutes, and then dry …
Pour the amount of hot (40–50 ° C) boiled water indicated on the label into the prepared bottle and add the required amount of dry mixture with a measuring spoon (from the package!), Again following the recommendations on the package.
Close the bottle with a lid and shake well several times until the mixture is completely dissolved in water.
To prepare the mixture in a bottle with a narrow neck, a funnel must be inserted into it.
After that, pour the dry mixture into the bottle through it, and then pour in boiled water.
You can also prepare the mixture in a separate bowl, then pour it into a bottle through the funnel.