The better you take care of your orchid, the longer it will bloom. This plant is able to delight with flowering several times a year.
The orchid was brought to us from tropical latitudes. Therefore, it still grows not in the ground, but in a special substrate, which is close in composition to its natural habitat. Loves the sun and humid air, is not particularly capricious, but has its own preferences.
Follow these guidelines for caring for your orchid, and it will bloom almost all year round.
How to care for an orchid
Determine the age of the plant
Orchids bloom at the age of one and a half to three years, depending on the species. A plant ready to bloom should have 5-8 leaves. If there are fewer of them, it means that it is still too small and does not need to be stimulated and it is premature to expect flowering.
Follow the roots
The top green shoots of an orchid, which in appearance resemble roots, should not be in the substrate. They take part in photosynthesis and therefore turn green, this is normal. The roots themselves also need access to light and air, so they need to be placed in a substrate with a transparent, not ceramic pot, with a sufficient number of drainage holes.
Don’t change the location of the pot
For an orchid, the smallest light change is stress. If you still need to rearrange the plant, it is better to do it between flowering.
Take care of the lighting
Place the orchids on the sunny side of the apartment, but not in direct sunlight. Try not to form a shadow at the location of the plant. In extreme cases, use a phytolamp that will emit light, but will not dry out the air around the flower and will not overheat it.
During flowering – once every 10-12 days. After – once a month. Under natural conditions, orchid seeds ripen in dry weather and scatter over a distance of several kilometers. If you create conditions close to natural to the plant, and water less often during the interflow period, it will bloom more often.
Monitor the temperature
Temperature changes are harmful to orchids. They bloom well when the night temperature differs from the daytime by no more than 4-6 degrees. In summer you can keep the flower on the balcony, in winter – close to the battery.
Don’t forget about fertilizers
For better development and flowering, the orchid needs feeding. It is advisable to use potash and phosphate fertilizers. You should not buy nitrogen-based feedings: they stop the development of the peduncle.
Maintain air humidity
The plant does not like dry air, because its home is the tropics. In an unventilated room, it can stop developing and dry out. To achieve the desired humidity, place a saucer of water near the flower, and spray it on hot days. When you ventilate, make sure there is no draft.
Transplant the plant
If the roots have sprouted into the drainage holes or the soil dries out very quickly after watering, then it is time to transplant the orchid into a new substrate. It is advisable to do this during dormancy, not flowering. Rich in nutrients, it will bring the plant back to life.