According to the optimization plan for civil servants in federal bodies, the authorities plan to cut 1,200 posts and more than 33.5 thousand in territorial departments. The corresponding order was signed on December 28 Prime Minister of the Russian Federation Mikhail Mishustin…
According to the document, the reform of the state apparatus will affect 45 ministries and departments, whose activities are supervised by the government. As a result of optimization, there will be fewer units that perform supporting functions. According to the plan, they want to cut 74 such structural divisions. In addition, as part of the reform of the state apparatus, it is planned to reduce 36 deputy heads of federal bodies.
They intend to carry out the hardware reform in three months – from January 1 to April 1, 2021. The funds freed up as part of the optimization will remain in the wage funds.
What should be the number of structural units?
The government announced the reform of the state apparatus in November 2020. Reporting on the upcoming staff cuts in ministries and departments, the Prime Minister, at a meeting with the Deputy Prime Ministers, said that from January 1, 2021, the state of the central offices of the federal bodies should be reduced by 5%, the territorial bodies – by 10%.
The parameters of the reform of the public administration system are enshrined in two decrees dated November 16, 2020 – No. 1829 and No. 1830. According to the documents, the number of structural units should be at least 40 staff units, services and agencies – at least 25 units, departments within a department or department – not less than 5 units, an independent department – not less than 10. And for subdivisions performing supporting functions, restrictions are established not more than 30% of the total number of employees.
A separate requirement is spelled out for the deputy heads of federal executive bodies. They must coordinate the work of at least two departments or offices.
In special cases, the staffing level may deviate from the established parameters. This decision is made by a special subcommittee. According to the permissible deviation parameters, the number of structural subdivisions of ministries can be 35 staff units per department, and for an independent department – 5 units. For services and agencies, a maximum threshold of 20 units for management and 5 units for an independent department is set.
According to Head of the Government Staff Dmitry Grigorenko, in the first place, the state apparatus will exclude units that increase administrative costs, reduce the efficiency and quality of decisions and dilute the responsibility of officials. According to Goncharenko, as a result of the reform, the public administration system will be more functional, “without intersections and with clearly delineated areas of responsibility.”
How often have civil servants been laid off in recent years?
There have been attempts to reduce the number of civil servants more than once over the past decade. For 2011-2013, it was planned to cut the number by 20% at once. However, in 2013, the number of federal civil servants decreased by only 8% compared to the beginning of 2010. In 2016, the number of civil servants decreased by 5.6%.
In 2019, the government announced plans to cut officials in two stages. In 2020, the number of central offices of federal executive bodies was planned to be reduced by 10%, territorial – by 5%, and by 2021 this figure in the regions should reach 15%.