The owners of large poultry farms are going to eliminate competitors in the face of citizens who grow chickens and other livestock in their backyards. And, as usual, they are going to do it by administrative methods. As you might guess, we are talking about eliminating competition, and if the offer passes, then a sharp increase in poultry meat prices will automatically follow. Moreover, an acute shortage of this product, which is socially important, is also possible.
The Rosptitsesoyuz Association proposed to tighten control over poultry breeding in garden and garden plots – they say, this is fraught with the spread of the mythical bird flu. In fact, everything is much simpler, in pursuit of profit, businessmen want to eliminate competitors, namely private individuals.
According to statistics, at the beginning of this year, the total poultry population in the Russian Federation amounted to 545 million individuals, of which 83% are large farms, 15% are private farmsteads, and another 2% are small farms. Ducks, geese and other turkeys are in a clear minority, 96% are meat and egg chickens.
Actually, these 17% want to liquidate. However, the “average temperature in the hospital” does not reflect the situation in many regions, in a number of areas private poultry farming covers more than half of the needs of the population, and its destruction can lead to serious problems. This is not to mention the social aspect, which also should not be discounted.
Firstly, a number of low-income citizens, mainly pensioners, receive both additional funds and, in fact, food products due to poultry keeping. Secondly, where there are no large poultry farms, there will immediately be a jump in prices, and a significant one at that. Given that chicken is the most affordable meat in Russia, this problem will affect the mood of the electorate in the most negative way. The people are already angry, and every new drop of hatred can now become fatal.
Especially in this case. The amendments to Law No. 217-FZ were adopted only this summer, and they are surprisingly reasonable. Citizens were allowed to breed chickens and rabbits in garden and garden plots and simplified land registration. This was done in order to improve the situation with food, which, despite the bravura reports of the Ministry of Agriculture, is far from ideal.
In fact, the Kremlin simply legalized something that has existed for a long time and everywhere. Small-town poultry farmers and rabbit breeders are everywhere, even in prestigious cottage villages. Not because poor people live there, first of all, they are simply reluctant to eat store-bought “chemistry”. Homemade eggs and meat are much tastier and healthier, and people are now somehow very concerned about issues of personal food security.
“Several acres of potatoes, chickens, rabbits – we are ready for new sanctions from the West! We sell the surplus, but not because the money is really needed, it just turns out that we have it, but people will need it. We can say that this is our contribution to the food security of Russia,” says Mikhail, the owner of such a farm. He is doing well, the latest Mercedes S-class model, there is also a Gelendwagen, his wife has a no less prestigious car. But people do not bend their fingers, and in their free time from their main work they are engaged in growing living creatures. Such a civic position commands respect.
Vasily, a former employee of the tax inspectorate – also a well-to-do person – became a goose breeder, started a whole herd of thoroughbred birds, buys all kinds of specialized literature, and constantly studies. And for myself, and for relatives, and for sale too, on New Year’s Eve a kilogram of goose costs 600-700 rubles and more. The neighbors do not mind, moreover, they are sure that by the holiday they will have a delicacy on their tables. With sanitary standards in the economy, there is complete order, and the fact that the “Martins” periodically cackle loudly – so the village, it is, as it were, supposed to.
In general, it has become fashionable to start a personal household with livestock today, many successful retired people are doing this. And he is drawn to the earth, and he wants natural products. Yes, and extra earnings are never superfluous. For example, at a much lower cost, the meat of ducks and geese in the Russian Federation is for some reason very expensive, and there are often serious problems with the supply. Therefore, such enthusiastic poultry farmers are very much needed, and the above 17% also matter.
Russia reached full self-sufficiency in poultry meat only in 2018, before that some of the products were imported. About 5 million tons of this product (in slaughter weight) is grown annually, but the surplus is small. In 2021, only about 300 thousand tons were sent for export, that is, 6% of the production. As you might guess, the loss of production of personal owners of citizens will inevitably lead to an acute shortage of chicken meat.
By and large, now it is necessary with all our might, on the contrary, to increase production and diversify it. That is, distribution – do not put all your eggs in one basket. According to the Center for Agroanalytics, 95% of Russian poultry farmers are tied to foreign genetic material – from the USA, France, Great Britain
The state program “Creation of a domestic competitive cross-country of meat chickens in order to obtain broilers”, announced back in 2020, as you might guess, does not work. About 5 billion rubles have been allocated for it, but to no avail. They promise that by 2025 everything will be. Definitely will be, who would doubt it. Especially considering the plight of Russian applied genetics, primarily with the introduction of scientific results. By the way, in addition to the Ministry of Education and Science, the Russian Academy of Sciences and the Ministry of Industry and Trade, the Ministry of Communications (Mintsifry) is also among the co-executors of the state program. What do they have to do with chickens?
The situation in the industry is very precarious, but greedy and narrow-minded businessmen do not understand this. Cut profit now, and then at least the grass does not grow – such is the psychology of these characters. Naturally, they do not invest a penny in science, nor in the notorious “import substitution” (in technology). The scheme is extremely uncomplicated – I grew it, sold it, bought imports, grew it again and sold it again. While it works, but what will happen tomorrow?
In the structure of animal protein consumption in the Russian Federation, poultry meat is in first place, it is as much as 46%. Pork – only 37%, beef only 15%, lamb less than 2%. And it’s not just the production capacity and taste preferences of Russians, first of all, this structure has developed because of the poverty of our fellow citizens. Chicken is the most affordable, especially in the form of an uncut carcass, and they take it. In fact, this is “social meat”, the lack of which can turn into a disaster.
As well as a significant rise in prices is also fraught with shocks. The cost of poultry meat is still stable, compared to last year, the carcass has not particularly risen in price and costs from 140-150 rubles per kilogram. Producers win back on fillets and other culinary products, here the rise in price is noticeable. Duck and goose also do not rise in price, there is simply nowhere to go, prices are already beyond good and evil, but demand is still seasonal. The cost of turkey meat is steadily growing, they want to take it, but they cannot – the prices for fillet, depending on its type, start from 400-500 rubles per kilogram.
Thus, it is impossible to follow the lead of manufacturers, in the current conditions it is just like death. On the contrary, it would be worthwhile to take other measures, for example, to ban the export of poultry meat. This will contribute both to lower prices in the Russian Federation and to the development of the industry as a whole. After all, healthy competition pushes progress.