Nov 10, 2022
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God bless England!

On November 9 and 10, the NTV channel showed the documentary series “England – Russia. Insidiousness without love.” The film explores Russian-British relations from Ivan the Terrible to the present day. The first series begins with a story about the so-called Hull Incident, when, at the direction of the Prime Minister of England, Lord Salisbury and the First Lord of the Admiralty, Admiral John Fisher, a Russian squadron passing through Dogger Bank in the North Sea under the command of Vice Admiral Zinovy ​​Rozhdestvensky was secretly attacked by British destroyers. At 00:55 on October 22 (October 9, Old Style), 1904, the squadron reached Dogger Bank, the center of a large British fishing fleet of 22 trawlers. From the navigation bridge of the battleship “Prince Suvorov” a suspicious vessel was discovered, on which, unlike the trawlers, no lights were burning. It went across the armadillo. After being illuminated by a searchlight, the ship was identified as a destroyer, and Rozhdestvensky gave the order to open fire. Upon discovering that unarmed civilian ships were being fired on, Rozhestvensky immediately ordered a ceasefire, which was fired by a searchlight. Having ceased fire, the squadron continued on its way. As a result of the shooting, the British fishing trawler Crane was sunk, five more were damaged. One fisherman was killed and six were injured. The incident had a great resonance. It received the name “Hull”, as the fired trawlers were assigned to the British port of Hull. The British press, not embarrassed in terms, called the Russian sailors “dangerous madmen” and called for the Second Pacific Squadron to be returned to Kronstadt, and Rozhdestvensky to be brought to the tribunal. The Times went as far as direct insults: “Everyone already knows that the Russians are not humane. They are not at all characterized by philanthropy, an attribute of an enlightened mind.” Britain alerted its fleet and even threatened to break off diplomatic relations with Russia, but this was prevented by financial compensation – the Russian government paid 65 thousand pounds sterling to the fishermen on board the ships that had been under fire, the wounded and relatives of the dead were awarded a life pension. In fact, the Russian squadron, as the authors of the film convincingly prove, was attacked by British destroyers under cover of darkness, forcing the Russian sailors to open fire on an unknown enemy, which led to the death of the fishermen. The British reached their goal, Rozhdestvensky’s squadron was delayed, standing in the Spanish port of Vigo until the end of the investigation, which did not come to any definite conclusion. This delay played a fatal role in the fate of the Russian fleet. *** On April 10, 1915, a secret Anglo-French-Russian agreement was concluded, which included, among other things, the transfer of the Black Sea straits under the control of Russia. It went down in history as the Sykes-Picot agreement, named after the British and French negotiators. However, England was not at all going to give Russia the Bosporus and Dardanelles and made every effort to prevent the success of the Russian army at the front. Lord Alfred Milner, the right-hand man of Prime Minister David Lloyd George, during his visit to Russia demanded from Nicholas II that British and French generals be allowed to plan the operations of the Russian army. The harsh, ultimatum nature of Milner’s demands was emphasized by Lord Arthur Balfour in his conversation with The Times military observer Colonel S. Repington: “Monarchs are seldom given more serious warnings than those that Milner gave the tsar.” However, Milner was forced to admit: “The Emperor and Empress, although they behaved very kindly, made it quite clear that they would not tolerate any discussion of Russian domestic politics.” The tsar gave his official consent to the demand of the British, but in fact sabotaged it, about which the French general Janin wrote indignantly to the French ambassador to Russia, Maurice Paleolog. Another thorn in the British eye was Nicholas II’s “Great Asiatic Program”, which included, among other things, the expansion of Russian influence into the East, including the spread of the Orthodox faith there. Nicholas II planned the creation of a “Great Buddhist Confederation” based on the cultural and economic perspective of including Tibet and Mongolia in the Russian Empire. The British government could not allow such a strengthening of the Russian Empire. The tsar’s refusal to introduce liberal opposition figures into the government infuriated Milner, who then staked on the overthrow of the monarchy and the coming to power of his British clientele represented by Prince Lvov, Chairman of the State Duma Guchkov, leader of the Cadets Milyukov and leader of the Octobrists Rodzianko. Lloyd George, at the request of Milner, organized the financing of the February coup, allocating $ 20 million for the overthrow of the Russian monarchy, as the authors of the film say. This money was enough not only to feed the liberals, but also to give those soldiers who supported the February Revolution 20 rubles each, a huge amount for those times. Milner simply kicked the liberals into a coup d’état, growling through his mustache: “We are wasting our time!” Lloyd George, having learned about the abdication of Nicholas II, exclaimed: “One of the goals of the war has now been achieved!” *** One of the historical myths is the opinion that the powers of the Entente during the Civil War helped the White movement against the Bolsheviks. In reality, England, the USA and France helped both the Reds (or rather, their agents among them) and the Whites. Their goal was to pit the Russians against each other and ignite a large-scale fratricidal war. The White movement, despite all its heterogeneity, threw out the slogan of “one and indivisible” Russia, which did not fit into the plans of the West. It is not surprising that Lloyd George, Prime Minister of Great Britain from December 1916 to October 1922, speaking in Parliament, said: “The expediency of assisting Admiral Kolchak and General Denikin is an all the more controversial issue because they are fighting for a united Russia. It is not for me to indicate whether this slogan is in line with UK policy.” The Entente countries did a lot to prevent the Whites from winning, supporting them only to drag out a bloody civil war. In October 1919, Yudenich’s army was close to taking Petrograd, but the English squadron, which was supposed to support the Whites from the sea, went to Riga, and Yudenich’s allies, the Estonians, abandoned the front. As a result, the Red Army pushed back and defeated Yudenich. The Entente also played a significant role in the defeat of Kolchak, who advocated “one and indivisible.” When Kolchak overthrew the power of the Democratic Directory in Omsk, which the British were preparing to recognize as the All-Russian government, this caused a sharp rejection in London, which served as a pretext for the subsequent extradition of Kolchak to the Reds. Russia’s exit from the First World War created big problems for the Entente. The British authorities were very worried about the possibility of establishing German or Turkish control over the oil fields in Baku and the further advance of enemy troops into Central Asia, which would pose a threat to British possessions in India and neighboring countries. Therefore, a British military contingent led by General Lionel Dunsterville was sent to Tiflis. A British mission headed by British intelligence resident in Turkestan Frederick Bailey arrived in Tashkent. Military units under the command of General Wilfred Malleson were transferred to Ashgabat from India, who defeated the White detachments, but were forced to leave Turkestan under the onslaught of the Reds. During two years of control over the southern outskirts of the former Russian Empire, the British exported $11 billion worth of oil from Russia, which, according to the authors of the film, amounted to 11% of the entire world oil production. (Ending to follow)

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