On September 3, Russia marks the end of the Second World War. Last April, the President Vladimir Putin, we will remind, signed the law on the transfer of this date from 2 to “historically correct” September 3, 1945.
On May 9, Russia celebrates the victory over Nazi Germany, but the war with Japan, which was an ally Hitler, continued for several more months – just until the beginning of September.
The holiday of the victory over Japan, the day of the national celebration – this was the official name on September 3, 1945. Then, in commemoration of the victory over all state institutions, the flags of the USSR were raised. Fireworks thundered over Moscow in the evening – 24 artillery volleys from 324 guns.
What conclusions should be drawn from this date today, the leader of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation argues Gennady Zyuganov…
– World War II ended on September 3 – the Red Army defeated the Nazis in the West, and at the Yalta Conference Stalin gave my word Roosevelt and Churchillthat three months after the victory over Nazi Germany would declare war on militaristic Japan, – recalled Gennady Zyuganov…
– Stalin kept his word, and in three weeks the elite Kwantung Army was completely defeated. Out of almost a million of its soldiers and commanders, 600 thousand were taken prisoner – subsequently, the captured Japanese worked for about 10 years at construction sites in the national economy of Siberia and the Far East.
After the victory over Japan, Stalin noticed that our truth had finally triumphed – after the shameful defeat in the Russian-Japanese war of 1904-1905. I want to remind you: as a result of it, we lost the Kuril Islands and half of Sakhalin. It is significant that the prime minister Witte, who signed the document on their transfer to Japan, received the contemptuous nickname “Polusakhalinsky”.
Witte, however, understood the main reason for the defeat in the war. Japanese soldiers and officers were well trained – the Japanese already in those years had universal literacy, and in our country every second soldier could not read and write.
That is why in 1907 a draft law “On the introduction of universal primary education in the Russian Empire” was submitted to the Duma. But the tsarist regime did not need smart and educated people. After many years of discussions, in June 1912, the State Council rejected the bill, and this issue was never officially raised in the Russian Empire.
A few years later, it became clear that tsarist Russia had also lost the First World War. In the fire of this war, the Russian Empire burned down, which tsarism involved in a massacre that absolutely did not correspond to its interests for the money of bankers in London, Paris and New York.
The Soviet power got a torn apart country, a killed industry, a stopped transport, a dying out population. And the essence of Leninist-Stalinist modernization, its first steps, were expressed not only in decrees on peace and land. The Soviet government created two commissions of the Cheka. The first is to combat sabotage and banditry, and the second is to combat illiteracy. Lenin understood perfectly well that no modernization can be carried out with a semi-literate and sick population.
“SP”: – The Lenin-Stalinist modernization was also carried out at an impressive pace …
– English writer Herbert Wells, one of the most talented science fiction writers, came to Soviet Russia in 1920. After reading articles in the Western press, he was extremely biased. But when he saw that in the midst of the Civil War, children go to school, and in the country there is a struggle for universal literacy, the Englishman was amazed. He had a meeting with Lenin, at which the head of the Soviet state said that his immediate plans were to electrify Russia, produce 100,000 tractors, carry out industrialization, and cooperate in agriculture. Having listened, Wells asked: which of us is a fantasy – you or me?
Wells came to Russia for the second time in 1934 – and was even more amazed. Everything Lenin talked about came true: the country studied, built, invented, rose to the heights of industry.
And there was an explanation for that. The Civil War has not yet died down, and about 40 largest research institutes have already been created. They needed competent cadres, and Lenin turned to the Komsomol members. Many of them have just returned from the front, where they fought baldly with sabers. But Lenin said: it is impossible to become a communist if you do not enrich yourself with the experience of world culture, therefore you need to study, study and study. For this study, in spite of the devastation, huge funds were allocated – more than 7% of the expenditure part of the budget the Soviet country spent then on education.
I would like to note that nowadays – for 10 years now – education expenditures do not exceed 3.5% of the budget! This is a real shame!
The Soviet government has always understood the exceptional importance of education. Even in 1942, when the Nazis were near Moscow, the budget was allocated 6% for educational needs. As soon as 1943 broke the back of the fascist beast on the Oryol-Kursk Bulge, the government created a network of Suvorov, Nakhimov and vocational schools. The Soviet country got 19 million children either with one mother or without parents at all – but they were all fed, shod, clothed, taught and given jobs. It was these people – this selfless generation – who restored the ruined Power!
In 1945, 17% of the expenditure side of the budget was spent on education, and in 1950 every fifth budget ruble was spent on these purposes. This approach yielded unique results. When we were the first to break into space, the Americans set up a commission to find out how this could have happened. The commission concluded that we are bypassing the Americans primarily in secondary and higher education.
In fact, we have demonstrated to the world that the USSR won largely thanks to its excellent education system. The main success at the front was ensured by the Soviet teacher, who managed to prepare a competent, selfless soldier and officer.
After the war, the Soviet education system enjoyed tremendous prestige on the planet. We have trained 600 thousand highly qualified specialists only for foreign countries. There was a time when in the ministries of about 80 countries of the world it was easy to find an employee who studied at a Soviet university. For example, the entire first generation of Chinese and Vietnamese leaders spoke fluent Russian.
“SP”: – What happened then?
– A clique led by Yeltsin, Yakovlev, Chubais, Gaidar, Burbulis betrayed the Soviet country, did her best to destroy the best education system. First of all, because this system prepared a citizen – a patriot and a humanist.
In those years, the World Bank, together with our “fifth column”, prepared a 100-page report “Education for Russia” in English and Russian. This document served as the basis for subsequent education reforms. In particular, it proposed dismantling the system of secondary vocational education – and yet it trained unique specialists for production, worked in conjunction with leading research institutes! As a result, now in Russia in the afternoon with fire it is impossible to find a good turner or milling machine. They imposed on us bachelors and masters, drastically cut engineering specialties, almost ruined the elementary school.
It got to the point of absurdity. Fursenko, when he was the Minister of Education, proposed to build all school education around four basic subjects – physical education, the basics of life safety, history, a foreign language.
I then explained – both from the Duma rostrum, and at meetings with the president and members of the government: this should not be allowed, this is education for a country of slaves! A slave must be healthy, consider the version of history correct, in which the Battle of Stalingrad is absent, and understand the Anglo-Saxons, who climbed into all the cracks in Russia, seized huge chunks of the once Soviet property!
Here it is appropriate to recall the saying Hitler that the conquered Slavs must be able to count to 100, know the rules of the road and remember that the capital of the Reich is Berlin. Such “reformers” wanted to turn Russia into a servant of transnational capital!
Our team managed to repel the most violent attacks of the destroyers. The work was carried out Melnikov, formerly Chairman of the PACE Science and Technology Commission, Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences Kashin, author of the program for sustainable rural development, Smolin, from whose pen all the basic laws on education came out, Afonin, Novikov, Other… Our comrades have prepared a draft law “Education for All” – this group was led by the late academician, Nobel laureate Zhores Ivanovich Alferov… He said that education should be not only modern and of high quality, but also highly intellectual.
So today, marking the anniversary of the end of the war and the victory over Japanese militarism, we must remember: without good education and upbringing, without close interaction between student and teacher, it is impossible to move forward.
The Communist Party pays special attention to this. We are convinced that a great people needs a great culture, modern science and excellent education, without which the cultural and scientific development of the nation is impossible. We have prepared the Education for All Law, the country’s development budget, and developed the foundations for strategic planning. To make these plans a reality, today only one thing is required – your support.