In the wake of the Rome Health and Finance Summit
On October 30-31, the G20 summit is held in Rome, and on October 29, the meeting of the G20 health and finance ministers took place there. The media called this meeting a “financial and medical summit.”
The meeting took a long time to prepare. In May, the so-called. Global Health Summit, hosted by Italy as chair of the G20 and the European Commission. The parade at the “global summit” was commanded by the WHO, represented by its Ethiopian director, Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus. He reiterated the need for a complete vaccination of mankind and expressed particular concern about low vaccination rates in Asia, Africa and Latin America, calling on the leaders of the G20 to help poor countries. A declaration was adopted calling on the authorities of the economically developed countries to share money with the countries of the “poor South” so that they could purchase vaccines.
I was referring to the issue by the International Monetary Fund of SDRs (Special Drawing Rights) in the amount of 650 billion dollars. Someone dubbed them “helicopter money” of the IMF. The lion’s share of this issue was planned to be distributed among the rich countries. On August 23, such a distribution among the IMF member countries took place, but there are still no reports that the rich have shared with the “poor South”. And here the global vaccination operation stalled.
As of October 28, the number of fully vaccinated (two doses or more) in the world was 38.4%; the number of partially vaccinated (one dose) – 49.6%. However, this is on average. In the UAE, for example, the figures were 87.3 and 97.4%, and in Nigeria, 1.4 and 2.7%, respectively.
There are dozens of countries such as Nigeria (with extremely low vaccination rates) in the world. Until now, more than half of the people on the planet have not received a single shot of the vaccine at all. And this is very worrisome for the leaders of the G20.
Although in the G20 the picture is motley. For example, in Japan, the figures are 71.6 and 77.6%, respectively. A similar picture is in Germany, Great Britain, France, Italy, USA. Here is China: 74.2 and 76.5%, respectively. True, some experts suggest that China is overstating its vaccination statistics. But in Indonesia, for example, these figures are only 26.0 and 42.6%. In South Africa – 19.4 and 24.7%. Among the “lagging behind” and Russia with indicators of 32.7 and 37.5%, respectively.
To spur the vaccination process, several agreements have been made at the global level to mobilize the necessary financial resources. Specifically, the World Bank, IMF, WHO and WTO have established a Multi-stakeholder Leadership Task Force on COVID-19 Vaccination, Therapy and Diagnostics (Multilateral Leadership Working Group on COVID-19 Vaccines, Therapy and Diagnostics, MLT)… However, the Multilateral Task Force has not yet had any results.
At the May summit in Rome, the participants agreed to create another alliance – Joint Task Force on Finance and Health… This is a coordination agreement between the G20 finance and health ministers. Twenty finance ministers and twenty health ministers had been preparing for a meeting in Rome for about five months, which took place on October 29th. The Washington Post titled its report on this meeting as follows: G-20 announces new global body to respond to future pandemics but stops short of committing funds…
The resolution of the financial and medical summit on October 29 stated the following goals: “To achieve global goals [по обеспечению] vaccination of at least 40% of the population of all countries by the end of 2021 and 70% by the middle of 2022, we will take steps to increase the supply of vaccines and essential medical products to developing countries “…
The participants in the meeting stated that during the time that has passed since the appearance of the “Wuhan virus” (more than twenty months), no coordination has been achieved. Moreover, COVID-19 has become a factor in the deterioration of interstate relations. For example, the US-China conflict is still ongoing on the basis of mutual accusations of negligence or the targeted launch of the coronavirus. Competition between vaccine manufacturers in the global market is intensifying.
The aforementioned Joint Task Force on Finance and Health should settle cross-border contradictions by becoming permanent and transforming into a kind of global body that they want to create for the next meeting on the island of Bali (Indonesia).
Most of the comments at the meeting of finance and health ministers were skeptical. Washington Post cited the statement Joseph Stiglitz, Nobel laureate, professor at Columbia University. In his opinion, rich countries are only playing for time: “Today people are dying – in my opinion, it is unforgivable to talk about preparing for the” next ” (to the summit. – VC.)“…
J. Stephen Morrison, Director, Center for Global Health Policy (Center for Global Health Policy) at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (Center for Strategic and International Studies, CSIS), also expressed disappointment with the results of the financial and medical summit. According to Morrison, WHO has shown that it does not have the authority to deal with such threats in a fragmented world where powers cannot agree. He suggested that if the G20 fails to mobilize funds to reach 70% of the world’s population with vaccinations, the antiquated enthusiasm of the Biden administration will begin to fizzle out.
Morrison is confident that there will be no results within the G20. America, he believes, should not drive itself into the Procrustean bed of the “twenty” or even the “seven”, but initiate the creation of “coalitions of the willing.” An example of such a “coalition” can be the agreement between the United States and Norway on joint financing of international vaccination programs (negotiations are ongoing).
David Miliband, President of the International Rescue Committee (International Rescue Committee) and the former UK foreign secretary also expressed his disappointment, saying that the G20 cannot claim global leadership if it fails to agree on urgent action to end the “pandemic”: “The urgency of vaccinating the world and saving lives now should not be a reason to delay reforms of global governance and finance. Rather, the current crisis, including persistent inequalities in vaccines, is the strongest case for early systematic coordination, accountability and resourcing. “– said David Miliband.
So, according to this representative of the ruling circles of the Anglo-Saxon world, the total vaccination of the world’s population should be a step towards urgent “reforms of global governance.” They are in a hurry. And they do not say who they want to be a “global ruler”.
Photo: REUTERS /Carlo Allegri
If you notice an error in the text, select it and press Ctrl + Enter to send the information to the editor.