80 years ago, on September 28, 1941, the last “mysterious” explosion thundered in the center of Kiev, taking away another portion of the lives of the invaders. Fires raged, plunging the Germans into horror …
The heroic defense of Kiev in the Great Patriotic War lasted 70 days. On the night of September 18-19, 1941, the retreating troops of the Red Army destroyed the Dnieper bridges behind them: railway, Darnitsky, Navodnitsky, them. Evgenia Bosch. On the same day, the Nazis went to Khreshchatyk and began to settle down. Military units settled according to a pre-approved plan, headquarters in hotels, high-ranking officers in good apartments in the center.
However, settlement plans changed due to rumors of mined buildings. The city commandant’s office, for example, first settled in the building of the regional party committee on pl. Kalinin (Dumskaya square, now Maidan). But literally the next day I moved to the Spartak hotel, also on Khreshchatyk, next to the Detsky Mir building, a radio reception center was organized. The headquarters of the 29th Army Corps was ordered to occupy the Continental Hotel on Nikolaevskaya (Gorodetsky Street) in fashionable Lipki. There was a man on Khreshchatyk who readily volunteered to show the Germans the way to the hotel. The Germans learned that the hotel was mined on the same day. Someone from the local suggested. According to the memoirs of a German officer, “The general ordered to place the headquarters in other buildings before a thorough inspection of the building.”… However, the Soviet miners knew their business to the point of subtlety … In the “Continental”, after studying the issue, the headquarters of the 6th Army was located …
Soon, cinemas and restaurants opened on Khreshchatyk, local and visiting ladies appeared in them. Thus began the 778-day occupation of the city, which ended on November 6, 1943.
The hope of the Germans that Kiev, like a number of European capitals like Amsterdam, Brussels, Paris, would accept the Nazi occupation with “European politeness”, was dispelled in five days. The underground and the mainland took up the baton of the Red Army’s struggle against the Nazis. On September 24, the commandant’s office building (hotel “Spartak”) and the neighboring building of the Children’s World, clogged with thousands of radio receivers, exploded and burst into flames. At the same time, an explosion occurred in the Continental building and a fire broke out. A fallback option worked for the Soviet miners. By the way, from this moment on for the 6th Army of the Wehrmacht, which in 1940 entered Paris without a fight, the road to disaster begins. It will be completely destroyed in the Stalingrad cauldron. Since September 24, explosions of buildings in Kiev, accompanied by fires, followed with deadly frequency.
The newspaper of Ukrainian collaborators “Ukrainian Word”, published in Kiev under the Nazis since September 25, 1941, in October wrote with horror about the mysterious explosions that destroyed the center of the ancient capital: “Khreshchatyk, Nikolaevskaya, Meringovskaya (Zankovetskaya st.), Olginskaya streets and part of Institutskaya, Luteranskaya, Proriznaya, Pushkinskaya, Fundukleevskaya (Khmelnitsky) streets and Dumskaya square (Maidan) were completely destroyed and burned. About 200 large residential and office buildings were destroyed by explosions and burned … “
It is known that the Germans, in order to stop the fires, blew up houses themselves. Didn’t help. In a special message from the Deputy People’s Commissar of Internal Affairs of the Ukrainian SSR Savchenko to Stalin on December 7, 1941 (a similar document was delivered to the secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party (b) U Khrushchev on December 4), the situation in Kiev was described, starting from September 18: “September 24 p. At noon, the building of the Spartak hotel, in which the German commandant’s office was located, and the building of the Detsky Mir store at the corner of ul. Khreshchatyk and Proriznaya. As a result, large fires began, which could not be extinguished due to lack of water. To extinguish the fires, a German fire brigade arrived in Kiev, pumping water from the Dnieper with hoses. During the extinguishing of the fires, the partisans cut the hoses twice. The perpetrators were not found “…
Who are these heroes? Who transmitted the reports to the Headquarters? Who prepared and how were the explosions carried out?
The operation to mine many buildings in a few months is a complex work, in which many dozens of people from different services took part. The fact that the Germans could not prevent most of the sabotage, even when they knew for sure about mining, speaks of the high professionalism of Soviet demolitionists. The F-1 explosive device, which detonated remotely at a distance of 600 kilometers from the console, the Germans could not repeat for a long time, even having received Soviet samples.
In 1973, Marshal of the Engineering Troops V.K.Kharchenko published his memoirs, in which he named a number of the names of the commanders who directly supervised the mining of the planned objects. In particular, the name of the chief of the engineering service of the headquarters of the defense of Kiev, Major Mikhail Chukarev. He was one of the few who directly assigned the special platoons the task of mining “the most important objects of the city that could be used by the enemy for their own purposes …” Chikarev informs his descendants in a report: “The work was carried out on a scale corresponding to the situation at that time. Hundreds of mines were exploded with the arrival of German army units in the city of Kiev. Walls and entire buildings fell on the heads of the German fascist invaders “…
Destruction of the enemy with the use of “mysterious” explosive devices F-1, was absolutely accurate fulfillment of the order of the Headquarters. Stalin, in his speech on July 3, 1941, ordered: “In the occupied areas, create unbearable conditions for the enemy and all his accomplices, pursue and destroy them at every step, disrupt all their activities.”…
One of the commanders of the special platoons, Mikhail Tatarsky, a native of Kiev, spoke in peacetime about the rules for maintaining secrecy in mining: “We had to act mainly at night. The soldiers were dressed in the usual robes of plumbers and were housed in tents. In the special forces platoon – two cars with radio stations, several trucks, a motorcycle with a sidecar … The dug earth was poured into bags or onto a raincoat very carefully, the smallest heaps were swept up with brooms. We installed radio-controlled mines and land mines throughout August-September 1941 in all sectors of the front. In particular, on the Zhitomir highway, near Myshelovka, Sovok, near the Krasny Traktir farm, in the Syrets area. All charges worked normally by radio signal. And in Kiev it was much harder … But nevertheless, they completed their task successfully … Having completed all the tasks set by the command, we, together with other units that defended Kiev, retreated … “
There is information about the participation in the mining of Kiev of a group of 50 people of the legendary Soviet saboteur Colonel Ivan Starinov.
The group of Ivan Kudri (“Maxima”) was undoubtedly involved in the first explosions on 24 September. The leadership of the NKVD, and then the KGB, did not doubt this. According to Kudri’s reports, he, together with his group, blew up two houses in Kiev – a cinema and a commandant’s office, as a result of which hundreds of Nazis died. There is a version that someone from the underground brought an inconspicuous box to the collection point of radio receivers in the Children’s World and put it in the right place. Before the big explosion, people heard a small explosion, from which the main charge detonated. This became the command to launch a mine attack on the Germans in Kiev.
Zamaydannye and world Russophobic media, talking about the explosions in Kiev in 1941, cynically accuse the Soviets:
– in vandalism in relation to architectural and other cultural values;
– in the unjustification of victims during the explosions among the civilian population;
– in the fact that these explosions provoked the Germans to carry out mass executions of Jews, which began on September 29 in Babi Yar.
You can answer for each item separately. However, let’s say in general: yes, the sacrifices are terrible, monstrous, in many respects irreparable. But judging by the standards of peacetime about the victims of the Great Patriotic War is absolutely not to understand what was on the scales, what was happening. This is how to declare: it was necessary to surrender to the Germans, they would have been drinking Bavarian long ago. This is how to declare: Leningrad had to be surrendered, hundreds of thousands would have survived. Wouldn’t stay. And they would not drink beer: the Slavs were subject to mass destruction.
And regarding the Holocaust in Kiev, the answer should be: Hitler was rushing about with the idea of a “final solution to the Jewish question” back in 1919. Historians know. Let’s also remember Paris. The French did not blow up Montmartre and the Champs Elysees, but under 120 thousand Jews in France were killed by the Germans.
All the blood, all the innumerable losses, all the grief brought by the war, lies entirely with Germany and its satellites. The enemy was defeated, including by the organization by our sappers and underground workers in Kiev of a mine fire tornado for European integrators. Memorials all over the world stand in memory of heroes, and not those that Hitler dreamed of erecting for his murderers.
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