Facing the facade is the final touch, the “clothing” of the house, or rather its “face”, because it is from this word that the name itself comes from. But although this stage of work is called finishing, in addition to its decorative function, it also has a completely utilitarian purpose.
The finishing touch to the look of the house
This is the protection of the wall structure from adverse atmospheric effects – rain, snow, ultraviolet radiation, wind. The cladding must be resistant to external mechanical damage, for example, to withstand a ball from a neighbor’s boy or a collision with a garden wheelbarrow of the owner of the house.
Facade cladding is designed to be a protection of internal wall structures
The modern market offers a huge number of options. Each manufacturer praises its products: the offered materials are both beautiful and easy to install, and do not require regular renewal. And also environmentally friendly, energy-saving, durable. And the main trump card of any finishing material, according to those who produce and sell them, is cheapness.
First, I will talk about the main ways of finishing the facade, and then I will offer original options that will help optimize your costs.
The main methods of finishing the facade
Some building technologies involve the use of such structural wall materials that do not require subsequent facade finishing. They themselves can be not only load-bearing, but at the same time perfectly withstand bad weather. Such materials have sufficient thermal insulation properties and are beautiful without additional decoration. For example, brick or stone houses and log cabins.
Modern construction methods most often imply the need for finishing on the outside of the walls. Facade construction technologies can be divided into three types.
This group includes: clinker, natural and artificial stone, face brick, built-up materials (like, for example, HAUBERK tiles, but not everything is unambiguous in installation, rather, it is more correct to attribute it to ventilation facades). In general, the principle is the same: facing materials are glued to the base in different ways and, after the glue dries, form one whole with it.
Another name is a hinged facade. This type of finish is panels of various sizes and shapes, fixed (hung) with some clearance from the wall surface. This gap, as the name implies, is necessary for ventilation of the underlying structures.
Usually, under the decorative surface of the ventilated facade, it is supposed to use a layer of insulation, as well as various building membranes (hydro, wind and vapor barrier). Ventilated facades include various siding, facade cassettes, tiles (ceramic, porcelain stoneware, stone), mounted using special fasteners, and more.
Of course, in fact, the facade is not wet – the name comes from the application technology. These are various facade plasters. Plastering is carried out directly on the base or using additional thermal insulation. Solutions are used in the process, but unlike cladding, where the solution acts as an adhesive, after drying, the plaster composition itself becomes a protection against mechanical damage and moisture penetration. This group also includes painting as the last stage of plastering work.
Original and cheap ways to finish the facade
Not all that glitters is gold: if you want your house to be different from the neighbors and at the same time do not plan to go broke, it is not necessary to chase the best and most expensive finishing materials. Pay attention to what is not usually regarded as a facade material.
After all, the main thing is that the outer coating is a reliable protection of wall structures, and not only specialized materials can cope with this task. And, perhaps, it is worth starting with one of the traditional ways of finishing facades.
1. Facade plasters
Plastering works, as well as modern materials for plastering exterior works, are expensive. But if you know how to manage a trowel, a spatula and a rule and are ready to do all the work yourself, the usual cement-sand mixture will not yield to expensive solutions either in terms of protection efficiency or decorative qualities.
For a classic facade finish such as “fur coat”, “bark beetle” and many other textures, it is not necessary to buy expensive branded putties. And armed with adhesive tape, a stencil and a stamp, you can make an imitation of brickwork, natural stone cladding, and even a relief picture on the wall.
2. Cement particle board (DSP)
This sheet material is widely used as a general building material – for flooring, rough wall cladding, and the like. But in terms of its composition and technical characteristics, it is similar to fiber cement siding, only more modest in appearance. Although for houses of modern architecture such modesty is not a hindrance.
Fiber cement slabs are, in fact, “dry” plaster, the same as the well-known drywall, only based on a cement binder. Therefore, the material is resistant to adverse weather conditions and is quite suitable for outdoor work, especially after applying an additional moisture-proof coating, such as painting or impregnation with drying oil.
Such slabs can be glued to the base or used as a filling for a ventilation façade. DSP is quite easy to process – it is cut, drilled, milled. You can cut tiles of any size out of it, make an ornament using the koilanaglyph technique (a contour drawing cut out on a plane) or create a real work of art. And if natural cement color seems too boring for you, these boards can be easily painted with facade paints in any color.
DSPs are suitable not only for fans of modern architecture, but also for lovers of classical solutions. Sheathe your frame house with them, paint with facade paint, and close the seams with decorative wooden layouts – and no one will guess that this is not a real half-timbered house.
3. Wane, slab and other sawmill waste
The use of natural wood for facade decoration is an expensive pleasure. However, there are ways to use beautiful natural material and get an unusual look at home, and most importantly – at a low cost.
For the original decoration of the facade, an unedged board (wane), slab and other substandard, and therefore inexpensive materials produced by a sawmill, are suitable.
Another way to optimize the cost of installing wooden cladding is to fasten boards or slats not continuous, and even with an overlap, as is traditional, but at intervals. But then it is necessary to first protect the wall from moisture penetration (for example, plaster), because in this finishing option, wooden slats will only have a decorative function. This decor goes well with smooth gray chipboard panels.
By the way, such wooden gratings can cover not only the blank part of the wall, but also the open terrace and even glazing, playing the role of blinds.
4. Natural stone
Natural stone is expensive. But not all and not always. As is the case with sawmills, companies selling stone for finishing have substandard and waste products. They will cost inexpensively, and sometimes completely free of charge if you organize their export. And then the main thing is to use this waste with invention.
Natural (wild) unedged stone such as limestone and sandstone (also called flaw by stone workers) can cost less than its artificial imitation of painted concrete. And in some areas, such material can simply be found independently in the vicinity of the dacha.
Metal siding can be replaced with corrugated board. It will be at least two times cheaper, and if you also take into account the cost of the necessary accessories for installing siding, then the difference in price will be even more significant.
Another fashionable metal option for finishing facades is Corten steel. It is an alloy steel for shipbuilding and construction, resistant to aggressive environmental influences because it is rusty. Special additives create an oxide film on the surface that prevents further destruction. Like everything fashionable, Corten steel facade panels are expensive.
But steel grades A606 and A 588 (Corten steel) are just steel widely used in construction and other fields. In the Russian metal brand, it can be found under the designations 15GF, 14KhGNDTS, 10KhSND and 15KhSND. Therefore, if you want an ultra-stylish design of the facade, do not look for “designer” steel, but look at the metal base. And also where scrap metal is accepted – there you can find very interesting rusty pieces of iron.
For modernist architecture, mosaics are one of the most common methods of facade decoration. Why not use it today, including for decorating the facades of buildings not only in the Art Nouveau style.
For a mosaic panel, it is not necessary to buy expensive materials. Broken tiles, pebbles, stone fragments, glass and porcelain – everything can be used to create a masterpiece. Do not forget that the set of a mosaic pattern is a painstaking task.